VCS-257 exam Dumps Source : Administration of Veritas InfoScale Storage 7.1 for UNIX/Linux
Test Code : VCS-257
Test name : Administration of Veritas InfoScale Storage 7.1 for UNIX/Linux
Vendor name : Veritas
: 90 actual Questions
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Sep 18, 2018Stephanie Simone
Veritas technologies, company of industry data protection and utility-defined storage options, is piteous into a govt-huge agreement for the U.S. time-honored features Administration (GSA), providing federal companies with facts governance and cloud facts administration utility.
below the settlement, government corporations can maintain entry to Veritas information insurance policy and cloud options at negotiated prices to allow for superior information management.
The compress is derived from the GSA IT time table 70 and wholly supports the Federal assistance technology Acquisition Reform Act (FITARA) Enhancement program.
The settlement brings Veritas’ industry facts management portfolio to totality eligible federal, state, native, and tribal government agencies.
These corporations can construct upon the records protection basis of Veritas NetBackup and add extra facts management capabilities to accelerate their cloud initiatives.
one of the vital initial offerings include:
For more counsel about this news, seek advice from www.veritas.com.
MOUNTAIN VIEW, Calif., Sept. 12, 2018 /PRNewswire/ -- Veritas technologies, the worldwide market partake chief in the commercial enterprise records insurance plan and software-defined storage market, has entered perquisite into a executive-vast compress for the U.S. commonplace capabilities Administration (GSA) to give federal organizations with information governance and cloud records administration application.
below the settlement, government organizations will maintain entry to Veritas statistics insurance plan and cloud options at negotiated costs to allow for more advantageous facts management. The settlement is derived from the GSA IT agenda 70 and entirely supports the Federal counsel expertise Acquisition Reform Act (FITARA) Enhancement program.
The agreement brings Veritas' award-winning commercial enterprise statistics administration portfolio to totality eligible federal, state, local and tribal govt companies. These corporations can construct upon the information insurance plan basis of Veritas NetBackup and add further records administration capabilities to accelerate their cloud initiatives. probably the most initial offerings encompass:
"The IT agenda 70 FITARA Enhancement application will give govt businesses with superior flexibility in having access to the creative utility options they exigency at a more robust value to taxpayers," talked about Alan Thomas, GSA Federal Acquisition carrier (FAS) Commissioner. "providing these solutions via a executive-broad, commercial enterprise-level compress is a noteworthy strategy to lop back duplication in their procurement process."
"With the upward thrust of cybercrime, the introduction of latest statistics regulations, an upturn of statistics boom and escalation of digital privacy, federal businesses these days exigency to breathe prepared to acquire strategic selections round information collection, statistics storage, the region of that records—and how it may moreover breathe safeguarded," notable Tom Kennedy, vice chairman and everyday manager, Veritas Public Sector. "because the undisputed leader in statistics protection and utility-defined storage, Veritas is providing govt agencies convenient access to options that serve combat these pressures – to understand statistics, maintain it protected, enrich information availability, unencumber the power of counsel and garner insights to power improvements in govt programs."
about the IT agenda 70 FITARA Enhancement ProgramThe Federal information technology Acquisition Reform Act (FITARA) is a GSA program designed to acquire it less difficult and greater low in cost for federal businesses to purchase software. FITARA changed into handed by using Congress in 2014 and the office of administration and finances (OMB) implemented suggestions in 2016. It aims to lop back charges and convey innovative know-how to the federal government.
About VeritasVeritas applied sciences is the chief within the world enterprise statistics protection and utility-described storage market. We assist the most vital firms on earth, together with 86 percent of the global Fortune 500, returned up and better their records, retain it cozy and accessible, shelter towards failure and obtain regulatory compliance. As enterprises modernize their IT infrastructure, Veritas can provide the know-how that helps them in the reduction of risks and capitalize on their records. learn more at www.veritas.com or supervene us on Twitter at @veritastechllc.
Veritas and the Veritas emblem are logos or registered trademarks of Veritas applied sciences LLC or its associates in the U.S. and different nations. other names could breathe trademarks of their respective homeowners.
Veritas TechnologiesDayna Fried +1 925 493 email@example.com
View fashioned content material to download multimedia:https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/veritas-enters-new-govt-wide-cloud-information-management-settlement-for-the-us-widespread-features-administration-300710751.html
supply Veritas applied sciences
LAS VEGAS--(company WIRE)--Veritas applied sciences, the leader in tips management, today introduced at AWS re:Invent original capabilities for InfoScale and NetBackup designed to optimize enterprise software migration and simplify records insurance plan deployment inside Amazon web capabilities (AWS) environments. Veritas InfoScale grants application-defined storage for the cloud and helps breathe certain software performance, scale and resiliency necessities are met. additionally, maintaining these purposes and different cloud-based mostly workloads has now been made even more straightforward with the original Amazon machine picture (AMI) for NetBackup. These latest capabilities breathe portion of a number of latest Veritas cloud information administration options that aid quite a lot of AWS utilize cases, from statistics governance and coverage to migration and cataclysm healing.
As organizations appear to shift from upfront capex investments to pay-as-you-go opex models, many are prioritizing AWS materials to substitute expensive on-premises infrastructure. actually, in line with Veritas analysis, fifty three p.c of mission-vital functions could breathe in the public cloud this year. This accelerating shift indicates that before fresh on-premises hardware, companies are searching first to the cloud. youngsters, one fundamental roadblock to effortlessly “lifting and shifting” functions like Oracle, SAP, and different aid intensive workloads is the performance and resiliency tradeoffs. while IT has the alternative of refactoring these functions to labor natively within the cloud, doing so may moreover breathe each a big time commitment and a pricey conducting.
Veritas InfoScale permits the hasten and price-effectiveness of lifting and piteous to AWS whereas helping acquire certain the efficiency, scalability and resiliency of those enterprise purposes. the original NetBackup AMI simplifies information insurance plan deployment—each out and in of the cloud—as portion of the NetBackup platform’s solitary pane of glass event and finished solution to protect totality actual, virtual and cloud-based workloads.
today’s announcement serves as a crucial proof aspect of Veritas’ approach to convey cloud facts administration solutions that tackle totality primary areas of cloud transformation:
“Our customers are leveraging Veritas solutions to integrate Amazon S3 into their records lifecycle administration approach,” notable Mike Palmer, govt vice chairman, chief product officer at Veritas. “pastime in piteous tier-one enterprise applications comparable to Oracle and SAP to the cloud is turning out to be. Veritas is leading the efforts to enable these corporations maintain a seamless, scalable and cost-effective retort to access, partake and leverage cloud storage while not having to sacrifice efficiency or resiliency.”
“As extra corporations more and more flip to quite a lot of sorts of clouds to rush some or totality of their mission-crucial applications, the capacity to migrate and control statistics between and across systems—not simply at all, but effectively—turns into essential,” referred to outcome Peters, exercise Director & Senior Analyst, industry approach neighborhood. “via growing solutions for these hybrid cloud environments, and peculiarly constructing-in serve for AWS, Veritas is featuring shoppers with a respectable strategy to both control their information and moreover to capitalize seamless entry to the area’s biggest public cloud provider.”
Veritas is a gold sponsor of AWS re:Invent 2016. For conference attendees interested in researching more about Veritas cloud records administration offerings for AWS, please talk over with us at sales space #632. also, commemorate us on twitter @Veritasllc and interact with us the usage of #reInvent or #ReInvent2016.
About Veritas technologies
Veritas technologies enables groups to harness the energy of their assistance, with information administration options serving the realm’s biggest and most complicated environments. Veritas works with companies of totality sizes, together with 86 p.c of world Fortune 500 companies, enhancing records availability and revealing insights to pressure competitive capabilities. www.veritas.com
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Symantec NetBackup Adds quick-witted Policy Technology to Automatically
Discover and Protect Virtual Machines
NetBackup 7 enhancements acquire it easier to deploy deduplication and provide faster recovery of virtual machines
Symantec Corp. (Nasdaq: SYMC) today announced enhancements to NetBackup 7 that simplify data protection in virtual environments. The latest release introduces Virtual Machine quick-witted Policy technology for VMware environments to automate the discovery and protection of virtual machines while enforcing existing data protection policies. Unlike other data protection solutions, this technology will accelerate the transition to a virtual environment for enterprise organisations deploying a big number of virtual machines or structure a private cloud infrastructure.
“Virtualisation has changed how organisations back up data, and NetBackup continues to evolve to protect their customers’ information within virtual environments,” said Brian Dye, vice president of product management, Symantec NetBackup. “NetBackup 7 eases the management of protecting and recovering data within physical and virtual environments through a solitary solution, while reducing data stores with integrated deduplication at the source or media server using NetBackup or NetBackup appliances.”
For a deeper dive into what’s original with NetBackup 7, click here: NetBackup 7.1 Features – VMware quick-witted Backup (VIP).
In addition to award-winning champion for virtual machines, NetBackup 7 delivers simplified reporting, faster cataclysm recovery when using NetBackup deduplication, and further supports Oracle and MySQL database applications. Symantec moreover offers an easy one-step upgrade to NetBackup 7 from older versions, including NetBackup 6.0 and 6.5 to meet the needs of its customers. Symantec NetBackup appliances provide organisations with a posthaste and proven alternative to upgrade their environment to NetBackup 7.
New Features and Benefits:
•A faster path to the virtual datacentre: Virtual Machine quick-witted Policy technology adds automation to the discovery and protection of virtual machines and minimises the administration effort required for lofty performance VMware virtual machine backups through greater awareness of VMware vSphere® resource usage.
•50 percent faster virtual machine backup: Patented Granular Recovery Technology (GRT), which supports instant file or folder recovery from virtual machine image backups, is now available for Linux systems in VMware environments. This allows customers to reduce comparable virtual machine backup times by up to 50 percent, simplify administration and better the hasten of recovery for individual files.
•On-demand recovery from anywhere: original auto image replication technology allows customers who replicate data between multiple sites or NetBackup domains to acquire the backup data at an alternate site instantly available to NetBackup for faster cataclysm recovery.
•Accelerate recovery: NetBackup RealTime, which provides customers with continuous data protection, now supports VMware environments to liquidate the backup window, reduce impact for very big VMware hosts and enable near-instant recovery of entire systems.
•Meet compliance and regulatory requirements: NetBackup 7 now has greater audit trail capabilities to serve backup administrators champion compliance and regulatory requirements.
•Central control: NetBackup OpsCenter, which delivers a solitary management view of any Symantec data protection environment, adds improved reports for storage lifecycle policies, audit trails and licensing. original tools, such as the workload analyser, allow customers to better tailor operations to maximise hardware usage.
•Deduplication for Oracle: Enhanced Oracle database agent further improves backup and deduplication performance.
•MySQL support: NetBackup adds a original agent to centralise and automate backup and recovery of MySQL databases.
•Client upgrades simplified: Improvements to the LiveUpdate capability allow client upgrades for UNIX, Linux and Windows from version NetBackup 6.5 and later from a solitary policy controlled by the NetBackup administrator.
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January 24, 2000Web posted at: 12:11 p.m. EST (1711 GMT)
by John Bass and James Robinson, Network World Test Alliance
(IDG) -- It totality boils down to what you're looking for in a network operating system (NOS).
Do you want it gaunt and elastic so you can install it any artery you please? Perhaps administration bells and management whistles are what you exigency so you can deploy several hundred servers. Or maybe you want an operating system that's robust enough so that you sleep like a baby at night?
The respectable tidings is that there is a NOS waiting just for you. After the rash of recent software revisions, they took an in-depth gawk at four of the major NOSes on the market: Microsoft's Windows 2000 Advanced Server, Novell's NetWare 5.1, Red Hat Software's Linux 6.1 and The Santa Cruz Operation's (SCO) UnixWare 7.1.1. Sun declined their invitation to submit Solaris because the company says it's working on a original version.
Microsoft's Windows 2000 edges out NetWare for the Network World Blue Ribbon Award. Windows 2000 tops the realm with its management interface, server monitoring tools, storage management facilities and security measures.
However, if it's performance you're after, no product came near to Novell's NetWare 5.1's numbers in their exhaustive file service and network benchmarks. With its lightning-fast engine and Novell's directory-based administration, NetWare offers a noteworthy base for an enterprise network.
We found the latest release of Red Hat's commercial Linux bundle led the list for flexibility because its modular design lets you pare down the operating system to suit the stint at hand. Additionally, you can create scripts out of multiple Linux commands to automate tasks across a distributed environment.
While SCO's UnixWare seemed to lag behind the pack in terms of file service performance and NOS-based administration features, its scalability features acquire it a stalwart candidate for running enterprise applications.The numbers are in
Regardless of the job you saddle your server with, it has to accomplish well at reading and writing files and sending them across the network. They designed two benchmark suites to measure each NOS in these two categories. To reflect the actual world, their benchmark tests deem a wide range of server conditions.
NetWare was the hands-down leader in their performance benchmarking, taking first region in two-thirds of the file tests and earning top billing in the network tests.
Red Hat Linux followed NetWare in file performance overall and even outpaced the leader in file tests where the read/write loads were small. However, Linux did not accomplish well handling big loads - those tests in which there were more than 100 users. Under heavier user loads, Linux had a trend to quit servicing file requests for a short age and then start up again.
Windows 2000 demonstrated impecunious write performance across totality their file tests. In fact, they found that its write performance was about 10% of its read performance. After consulting with both Microsoft and Client/Server Solutions, the author of the Benchmark Factory testing instrument they used, they determined that the impecunious write performance could breathe due to two factors. One, which they were unable to verify, might breathe a practicable performance problem with the SCSI driver for the hardware they used.
More significant, though, was an issue with their test software. Benchmark Factory sends a write-through flag in each of its write requests that is hypothetical to cause the server to update cache, if appropriate, and then coerce a write to disk. When the write to disk occurs, the write convoke is released and the next request can breathe sent.
At first glance, it appeared as if Windows 2000 was the only operating system to reverence this write-through flag because its write performance was so poor. Therefore, they ran a second round of write tests with the flag turned off.
With the flag turned off, NetWare's write performance increased by 30%. This test proved that Novell does indeed reverence the write-through flag and will write to disk for each write request when that flag is set. But when the write-through flag is disabled, NetWare writes to disk in a more efficient manner by batching together contiguous blocks of data on the cache and writing totality those blocks to disk at once.
Likewise, Red Hat Linux's performance increased by 10% to 15% when the write-through flag was turned off. When they examined the Samba file system code, they found that it too honors the write-through flag. The Samba code then finds an optimum time during the read/write sequence to write to disk.
This second round of file testing proves that Windows 2000 is theme on its file system cache to optimize write performance. The results of the testing with the write-through flag off were much higher - as much as 20 times faster. However, Windows 2000 soundless fell behind both NetWare and RedHat Linux in the file write tests when the write-through flag was off.
SCO honors the write-through flag by default, since its journaling file system is constructed to maximize data integrity by writing to disk for totality write requests. The results in the write tests with the write-through flag on were very similar to the test results with the write-through flag turned off.
For the network benchmark, they developed two tests. Their long TCP transaction test measured the bandwidth each server can sustain, while their short TCP transaction test measured each server's capacity to handle big numbers of network sessions with miniature file transactions.
Despite a impecunious showing in the file benchmark, Windows 2000 came out on top in the long TCP transaction test. Windows 2000 is the only NOS with a multithreaded IP stack, which allows it to handle network requests with multiple processors. Novell and Red Hat state they are working on integrating this capability into their products.
NetWare and Linux moreover registered stalwart long TCP test results, coming in second and third, respectively.
In the short TCP transaction test, NetWare came out the lucid winner. Linux earned second region in spite of its exigency of champion for abortive TCP closes, a manner by which an operating system can quickly tear down TCP connections. Their testing software, Ganymede Software's Chariot, uses abortive closes in its TCP tests.Moving into management
As enterprise networks grow to require more servers and champion more discontinuance users, NOS management tools become crucial elements in keeping networks under control. They looked at the management interfaces of each product and drilled down into how each handled server monitoring, client administration, file and print management, and storage management.
We found Windows 2000 and NetWare provide equally useful management interfaces.
Microsoft Management Console (MMC) is the glue that holds most of the Windows 2000 management functionality together. This configurable graphical user interface (GUI) lets you snap in Microsoft and third-party applets that customize its functionality. It's a two-paned interface, much like Windows Explorer, with a nested list on the left and selection details on the right. The console is easy to utilize and lets you configure many local server elements, including users, disks, and system settings such as time and date.
MMC moreover lets you implement management policies for groups of users and computers using vigorous Directory, Microsoft's original directory service. From the vigorous Directory management instrument inside MMC, you can configure users and change policies.
The network configuration tools are found in a separate application that opens when you click on the Network Places icon on the desktop. Each network interface is listed inside this window. You can add and change protocols and configure, enable and disable interfaces from here without rebooting.
NetWare offers several interfaces for server configuration and management. These tools offer duplicate functionality, but each is useful depending from where you are trying to manage the system. The System Console offers a number of tools for server configuration. One of the most useful is NWConfig, which lets you change start-up files, install system modules and configure the storage subsystem. NWConfig is simple, intuitive and predictable.
ConsoleOne is a Java-based interface with a few graphical tools for managing and configuring NetWare. Third-party administration tools can plug into ConsoleOne and let you manage multiple services. They umpire ConsoleOne's interface is a bit unsophisticated, but it works well enough for those who must maintain a Windows- based manager.
Novell moreover offers a Web-accessible management application called NetWare Management Portal, which lets you manage NetWare servers remotely from a browser, and NWAdmin32, a relatively simple client-side instrument for administering Novell Directory Services (NDS) from a Windows 95, 98 or NT client.
Red Hat's overall systems management interface is called LinuxConf and can rush as a graphical or text-based application. The graphical interface, which resembles that of MMC, works well but has some layout issues that acquire it difficult to utilize at times. For example, when you rush a setup application that takes up a lot of the screen, the system resizes the application larger than the desktop size.
Still, you can manage pretty much anything on the server from LinuxConf, and you can utilize it locally or remotely over the Web or via telnet. You can configure system parameters such as network addresses; file system settings and user accounts; and set up add-on services such as Samba - which is a service that lets Windows clients salvage to files residing on a Linux server - and FTP and Web servers. You can apply changes without rebooting the system.
Overall, Red Hat's interface is useful and the underlying tools are powerful and flexible, but LinuxConf lacks the polish of the other vendors' tools.
SCO Admin is a GUI-based front discontinuance for about 50 SCO UnixWare configuration and management tools in one window. When you click on a tool, it brings up the application to manage that item in a separate window.
Some of SCO's tools are GUI-based while others are text-based. The server required a reboot to apply many of the changes. On the plus side, you can manage multiple UnixWare servers from SCOAdmin.
SCO moreover offers a useful Java-based remote administration instrument called WebTop that works from your browser.An eye on the servers and clients
One famous administration stint is monitoring the server itself. Microsoft leads the pack in how well you can retain an eye on your server's internals.
The Windows 2000 System Monitor lets you view a real-time, running graph of system operations, such as CPU and network utilization, and reminiscence and disk usage. They used these tools extensively to determine the outcome of their benchmark tests on the operating system. Another instrument called Network Monitor has a basic network packet analyzer that lets you observe the types of packets coming into the server. Together, these Microsoft utilities can breathe used to compare performance and capacity across multiple Windows 2000 servers.
NetWare's Monitor utility displays processor utilization, reminiscence usage and buffer utilization on a local server. If you know what to gawk for, it can breathe a powerful instrument for diagnosing bottlenecks in the system. Learning the acceptation of each of the monitored parameters is a bit of a challenge, though.
If you want to gawk at performance statistics across multiple servers, you can tap into Novell's Web Management Portal.
Red Hat offers the measure Linux command-line tools for monitoring the server, such as iostat and vmstat. It has no graphical monitoring tools.
As with any Unix operating system, you can write scripts to automate these tools across Linux servers. However, these tools are typically cryptic and require a lofty level of proficiency to utilize effectively. A suite of graphical monitoring tools would breathe a noteworthy addition to Red Hat's Linux distribution.
UnixWare moreover offers a number of monitoring tools. System Monitor is UnixWare's simple but limited GUI for monitoring processor and reminiscence utilization. The sar and rtpm command-line tools together list real-time system utilization of buffer, CPUs and disks. Together, these tools give you a respectable overall thought of the load on the server.Client administration
Along with managing the server, you must manage its users. It's no astound that the two NOSes that ship with an integrated directory service topped the realm in client administration tools.
We were able to configure user permissions via Microsoft's vigorous Directory and the directory administration instrument in MMC. You can group users and computers into organizational units and apply policies to them.
You can manage Novell's NDS and NetWare clients with ConsoleOne, NWAdmin or NetWare Management Portal. Each can create users, manage file space, and set permissions and rights. Additionally, NetWare ships with a five-user version of Novell's ZENworks tool, which offers desktop administration services such as hardware and software inventory, software distribution and remote control services.
Red Hat Linux doesn't offer much in the artery of client administration features. You must control local users through Unix authorization configuration mechanisms.
UnixWare is similar to Red Hat Linux in terms of client administration, but SCO provides some Windows binaries on the server to remotely set file and directory permissions from a Windows client, as well as create and change users and their settings. SCO and Red Hat offer champion for the Unix-based Network Information Service (NIS). NIS is a store for network information like logon names, passwords and home directories. This integration helps with client administration.Handling the staples: File and print
A NOS is nothing without the capacity to partake file storage and printers. Novell and Microsoft collected top honors in these areas.
You can easily add and maintain printers in Windows 2000 using the print administration wizard, and you can add file shares using vigorous Directory management tools. Windows 2000 moreover offers Distributed File Services, which let you combine files on more than one server into a solitary share.
Novell Distributed Print Services (NDPS) let you quickly incorporate printers into the network. When NDPS senses a original printer on the network, it defines a Printer Agent that runs on the printer and communicates with NDS. You then utilize NDS to define the policies for the original printer.
You define NetWare file services by creating and then mounting a disk volume, which moreover manages volume policies.
Red Hat includes Linux's printtool utility for setting up server-connected and networks printers. You can moreover utilize this GUI to create printcap entries to define printer access.
Linux has a set of command-line file system configuration tools for mounting and unmounting partitions. Samba ships with the product and provides some integration for Windows clients. You can configure Samba only through a cryptic configuration ASCII file - a grave drawback.
UnixWare provides a elastic GUI-based printer setup instrument called Printer SetUp Manager. For file and volume management, SCO offers a instrument called VisionFS for interoperability with Windows clients. They used VisionFS to allow their NT clients to access the UnixWare server. This service was easy to configure and use.Storage management
Windows 2000 provides the best tools for storage management. Its graphical Manage Disks instrument for local disk configuration includes software RAID management; you can dynamically add disks to a volume set without having to reboot the system. Additionally, a signature is written to each of the disks in an array so that they can breathe moved to another 2000 server without having to configure the volume on the original server. The original server recognizes the drives as members of a RAID set and adds the volume to the file system dynamically.
NetWare's volume management tool, NWConfig, is easy to use, but it can breathe a miniature confusing to set up a RAID volume. Once they knew what they were doing, they had no problems formatting drives and creating a RAID volume. The instrument looks a miniature primitive, but they give it lofty marks for functionality and ease of use.
Red Hat Linux offers no graphical RAID configuration tools, but its command line tools made RAID configuration easy.
To configure disks on the UnixWare server, they used the Veritas Volume Manager graphical disk and volume administration instrument that ships with UnixWare. They had some problems initially getting the instrument to recognize the drives so they could breathe formatted. They managed to labor around the disk configuration problem using an assortment of command line tools, after which Volume Manager worked well.Security
While they did not probe these NOSes extensively to expose any security weaknesses, they did gawk at what they offered in security features.
Microsoft has made significant strides with Windows 2000 security. Windows 2000 supports Kerberos public key certificates as its primary authentication mechanism within a domain, and allows additional authentication with smart cards. Microsoft provides a Security Configuration instrument that integrates with MMC for easy management of security objects in the vigorous Directory Services system, and a original Encrypting File System that lets you designate volumes on which files are automatically stored using encryption.
Novell added champion for a public-key infrastructure into NetWare 5 using a public certificate schema developed by RSA Security that lets you tap into NDS to generate certificates.
Red Hat offers a basic Kerberos authentication mechanism. With Red Hat Linux, as with most Unix operating systems, the network services can breathe individually controlled to increase security. Red Hat offers Pluggable Authentication Modules as a artery of allowing you to set authentication policies across programs running on the server. Passwords are protected with a shadow file. Red Hat moreover bundles firewall and VPN services.
UnixWare has a set of security tools called Security Manager that lets you set up varying degrees of intrusion protection across your network services, from no restriction to turning totality network services off. It's a respectable management time saver, though you could manually modify the services to achieve the selfsame result.Stability and fault tolerance
The most feature-rich NOS is of miniature value if it can't retain a server up and running. Windows 2000 offers software RAID 0, 1 and 5 configurations to provide fault tolerance for onboard disk drives, and has a built-in network load-balancing feature that allows a group of servers to gawk like one server and partake the selfsame network name and IP address. The group decides which server will service each request. This not only distributes the network load across several servers, it moreover provides fault tolerance in case a server goes down. On a lesser scale, you can utilize Microsoft's Failover Clustering to provide basic failover services between two servers.
As with NT 4.0, Windows 2000 provides reminiscence protection, which means that each process runs in its own segment.
There are moreover backup and restore capabilities bundled with Windows 2000.
Novell has an add-on product for NetWare called Novell Cluster Services that allows you to cluster as many as eight servers, totality managed from one location using ConsoleOne, NetWare Management Portal or NWAdmin32. But Novell presently offers no clustering products to provide load balancing for applications or file services. NetWare has an complicated reminiscence protection scheme to segregate the reminiscence used for the kernel and applications, and a Storage Management Services module to provide a highly elastic backup and restore facility. Backups can breathe all-inclusive, cover parts of a volume or store a differential snapshot.
Red Hat provides a load-balancing product called piranha with its Linux. This package provides TCP load balancing between servers in a cluster. There is no arduous circumscribe to the number of servers you can configure in a cluster. Red Hat Linux moreover provides software RAID champion through command line tools, has reminiscence protection capabilities and provides a rudimentary backup facility.
SCO provides an optional feature to cluster several servers in a load-balancing environment with Non-Stop Clustering for a lofty level of fault-tolerance. Currently, Non-Stop Clustering supports six servers in a cluster. UnixWare provides software RAID champion that is managed using SCO's On-Line Data Manager feature. totality the measure RAID levels are supported. Computer Associates' bundled ArcServeIT 6.6 provides backup and restore capabilities. UnixWare has reminiscence protection capabilities.Documentation
Because their testing was conducted before Windows 2000's general availability ship date, they were not able to evaluate its hard-copy documentation. The online documentation provided on a CD is extensive, useful and well-organized, although a Web interface would breathe much easier to utilize if it gave more than a couple of sentences at a time for a particular serve topic.
NetWare 5 comes with two manuals: a particular manual for installing and configuring the NOS with respectable explanations of concepts and features along with an overview of how to configure them, and a miniature spiral-bound booklet of quick start cards. Novell's online documentation is very helpful.
Red Hat Linux comes with three manuals - an installation guide, a getting started sheperd and a reference manual - totality of which are easy to follow.
Despite being the most difficult product to install, UnixWare offers the best documentation. It comes with two manuals: a system handbook and a getting started guide. The system handbook is a reference for conducting the installation of the operating system. It does a respectable job of reflecting this painful experience. The getting started sheperd is well-written and well-organized. It covers many of the tools needed to configure and maintain the operating system. SCO's online documentation looks nice and is easy to follow.Wrapping up
The bottom line is that these NOSes offer a wide range of characteristics and provide enterprise customers with a noteworthy deal of election regarding how each can breathe used in any given corporate network.
If you want a good, general purpose NOS that can deliver enterprise-class services with totality the bells and whistles imaginable, then Windows 2000 is the strongest contender. However, for lofty performance, enterprise file and print services, their tests expose that Novell leads the pack. If you're willing to pay a higher cost for scalability and reliability, SCO UnixWare would breathe a safe bet. But if you exigency an inexpensive alternative that will give you bare-bones network services with decent performance, Red Hat Linux can certainly fitting the bill.
The election is yours.
Bass is the technical director and Robinson is a senior technical staff member at Centennial Networking Labs (CNL) at North Carolina state University in Raleigh. CNL focuses on performance, capacity and features of networking and server technologies and equipment.RELATED STORIES:
Debate will focus on Linux vs. LinuxJanuary 20, 2000Some Windows 2000 PCs will jump the gunJanuary 19, 2000IBM throws Linux lovefestJanuary 19, 2000Corel Linux will rush Windows appsJanuary 10, 2000Novell's eDirectory spans platformsNovember 16, 1999New NetWare embraces Web appsNovember 2, 1999Microsoft sets a date for Windows 2000October 28, 1999RELATED IDG.net STORIES:
Fusion's Forum: Square off with the vendors over who has the best NOS(Network World Fusion)How they did it: Details of the testing(Network World Fusion)Find out the tuning parameters(Network World Fusion)Download the Config files(Network World Fusion)The Shootout results(Network World Fusion)Fusion's NOS resources(Network World Fusion)With Windows 2000, NT grows up(Network World Fusion)Fireworks expected at NOS showdown(Network World Fusion)
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Novell, Inc.Microsoft Corp.The Santa Cruz Operation, Inc. (SCO)Red Hat, Inc.
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ActiveBatch Gets Blackberry Functionality
Administrators maintain long been able to receive pages when servers Go down, but now they can restart servers with their pagers. Advanced Systems Concepts Inc. has added the Blackberry line of pagers to its list of clients for the ActiveBatch Job Scheduling and Management System.
The ActiveBatch Wireless Client is a module for the management software that enables administrators to monitor systems and initiate processes from the Blackberry. ActiveBatch Job Scheduling and Management System allows users to set up calendars to initiate processes such as backups or printing, or initiate processes from remote clients.
Ben Rosenberg, CEO of Advanced Systems, says the company chose to champion the Blackberry first since it was the handheld best suited for round-the-clock monitoring. "The battery life is three weeks, and it’s always on," he says. Advanced Systems supports both the pager-sized and PDA-sized Blackberries.
If a system sends out an SNMP signal, administrators can configure the system to send an e-mail to a Blackberry, alerting the administrator. The e-mail gives the administrator the option to initiate processes, such as rebooting a server, through the Blackberry. "With the Blackberry, e-mails are always actionable by you," Rosenberg says.
Rosenberg sees two advantages to system management through wireless devices. First, it obviates the exigency to give instructions over the phone to a less experienced operator. Second, high-level administrators who travel can retain an eye on the system. "If you’re on the road, you’re able to know if something is wrong," he says. With both advantages, administrators will breathe better able to guarantee uptime, with less impact on their lives.
In addition to the three levels of encryption standards on Blackberry devices, ActiveBatch provides additional security features, such as a password login to the system. This keeps random users, including thieves, from wreaking havoc on corporate systems. "Use of ActiveBatch is always secure," Rosenberg says.
ActiveBatch can manage Windows, OpenVMS and Unix-based systems with an agent on each server. The agent sends information to a central Windows console. The software integrates with the Windows Management Instrument, which moreover serves as a SNMP provider. ActiveBatch provides three plug-ins for remote clients: e-mail, browser and now the Blackberry.
Rosenberg says Advanced Systems is working to bring ActiveBatch to PocketPC handhelds. He says that although users can already utilize them with the browser-based system, the company will accommodate the system to better meet the needs and limitations of the PocketPC platform.
Contact: Advanced Systems Concepts Inc., www.advsyscon.com, (201) 798-6400
SafeStone Provides iSeries champion to RSA Security
Security management provider SafeStone Technologies plc. has added iSeries 400 features to an existing partnership with RSA Security Inc. Under the enhanced agreement, SafeStone is making RSA’s SecurID authentication instrument usable on an iSeries 400 platform.
Using its DetectIT Agent 400 interface, SafeStone is enabling two-factor authentication. Two-factor authentication requires an individual to breathe verified twice before access is allowed to systems.
DetectIT is an offering designed by SafeStone to protect iSeries 400 exit points from unauthorized user access to confidential data, application and resources within an open-connectivity environment.
Through DetectIT, RSA’s iSeries-based users will breathe able to leverage software solutions for auditing, data and system management, e-business security, and application and access control for solitary or multiple networked iSeries 400s.
As portion of its agreement with RSA, SafeStone will act as RSA’s IBM iSeries industry partner, handling totality sales and champion responsibility for DetectIT. In this role, SafeStone, which is moreover an IBM confederate for systems management and development, will offer DetectIT to RSA’s customers as either a standalone or fully integrated offering.
Contact: RSA Security, Inc., www.rsa.com, (781) 301-5000
SafeStone Technologies plc, www.safestone.com
Vendors acquire Linux Itanium-Ready
With Intel Corp.’s May release of its 64-bit Itanium processor, Linux vendors are lining up to champion the original architecture. Red Hat Inc., TurboLinux Inc., SuSE AG and Caldera International Inc. totality formally released distributions for Itanium.
To coincide with the announcement, TurboLinux released its Operating System 7 for the Itanium processor. "It’s production-ready," says Thrane Jensen, product manager for Itanium. However, Jensen admits that many users will utilize early Itanium machines for testing and development, rather than using them in production environments yet.
Bill Claybrook, research director for Linux and open source at the Aberdeen Group, confirms that "most people are waiting for McKinley." He believes that users will wait for Intel to release McKinley—its second-generation IA-64 processor—before they integrate IA-64 into their environments. "They’re being a miniature bit leery of it [in] a production environment," he says. Jensen says TurboLinux is working on its McKinley version of Linux already.
Jensen says that porting Linux to the IA-64 processor had its challenges. The 64-bit nature of the processor created challenging issues for piteous applications over to the original chip. "Dependencies on 32-bit create problems," he says. Some applications addressed specific 32-bit features that did not exist in Itanium. For the most part, applications could breathe recompiled for the chip. "In general, it’s along the selfsame code line," he says, "but the kernel has [alot of] different stuff."
In addition to the core operating system, Jensen says many accepted Linux applications are moreover ready for prime time. Apache and other commonly used applications are production-ready, but "ISVs are going to breathe doing more application development," he says.
Red Hat released its Red Hat Linux 7.1 for the Itanium processor in mid-June. Using the 2.4 kernel, Red Hat positions the original release as a platform for testing 64-bit applications ported from 32-bit and RISC machines. The distribution is moreover suited to enterprise server needs; it runs on up to eight processors and offers original configuration tools for BIND, Apache and printing.
At the selfsame time, Linux vendor SuSE released an Itanium-specific distribution. SuSE Linux 7.2 for IA-64 uses six CD-ROMs to carry over 1,500 applications for the emerging platform. like Red Hat, the company bills the package as a solution for evaluating and deploying Itanium-based servers.
Although a preview version was already available from the Caldera FTP site at ftp.caldera.com/ia64, Caldera released two original versions in May, accompanied by a public announcement. The final production version of OpenLinux Server 64 should breathe available late in the third quarter.
Biff Traber, senior vice president and general manager of the server industry line at Caldera, says Caldera has miniature to lose by waiting to release a production version. Customers will gawk to the distribution for evaluation purposes, so a beta release meets their needs. "It’s a combination of testing, progress and prototyping," he says.
The Trillian project, which initiated progress of a Linux kernel for the Itanium processor, first released a kernel in February 2000, predating Itanium’s general availability by over a year. Intel was aggressive in getting prototype chips to developers to ensure a market providing hardware, remote servers and emulators to enable open source developers to maintain Linux ready for the release date.
The project later changed its name to the more formal-sounding IA-64 Linux Project and worked to further enhance the progress of Linux on Itanium. Itanium is not the first 64-bit platform to rush Linux—there were already flavors of Linux for Sun Microsystems Inc.’s Sparc processor and Compaq Computer Corp.’s Alpha. In addition to the distributors, the IA-64 Linux Project moreover boasted hardware vendors, Hewlett-Packard Co., IBM Corp., Silicon Graphics Inc., VA Linux Systems Inc. and NEC Corp., as well as Intel and Swiss research laboratory CERN.
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