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M2090-748 exam Dumps Source : IBM MDM and IIS Sales Mastery Test v1

Test Code : M2090-748
Test cognomen : IBM MDM and IIS Sales Mastery Test v1
Vendor cognomen : IBM
: 18 real Questions

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IBM IBM MDM and IIS

IBM to acquire MDM vendor initiate methods | killexams.com real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

IBM pointed out today that it plans to acquire initiate programs, one of the crucial few closing impartial master facts administration (MDM) vendors.

initiate methods, based mostly in Chicago, specializes in MDM and statistics integration application for healthcare and govt businesses. The proposed acquisition confirms rumors that IBM would manufacture a play within the MDM market and comes just days after Informatica announced its buy of arouse competitor Siperian.

"With the addition of provoke's application and its traffic competencies, IBM will proffer shoppers a finished solution for supplying the suggestions they deserve to enlarge the well-being of sufferers at a reduce can charge," Arvind Krishna, ordinary manager of suggestions management at IBM, mentioned in a press release. "in a similar way, their government consumers will now believe much more capabilities for gathering and utilising suggestions to serve residents in a timely and productive method."

The train of MDM is to create a lone view of grasp records -- most commonly customer and product statistics -- for spend during an organization's operational, transactional and analytical functions.

IBM has invested heavily in its records management and analytics stack over the ultimate a few years, and the acquisition of arouse will continue that fashion. IBM competes with Oracle, SAP and now Informatica within the birthright away consolidating MDM market.

IBM is additionally seemingly trying to capitalize on the anticipated raise in adoption of digital medical statistics, which provoke's MDM know-how helps by means of helping healthcare organizations consolidate affected person statistics.

Rob Karel, an analyst with Cambridge, Mass.-based Forrester analysis, notable that both Siperian and arouse methods believe struggled to expand their client bases as unbiased providers, making the recent acquisitions a ratiocinative stream for the two.

"We reached an inflection factor," spoke of invoice Conroy, initiate's president and CEO, in a joint convention cognomen with IBM. "may they as a minuscule enterprise sustain with the demands of their purchasers [for a more complete data management stack]?" The reply, apparently, was no.

The proposed acquisition should quiet improvement IBM in a number of methods, wrote Ray Wang, an analyst with Altimeter neighborhood in San Mateo, Calif., in a blog submit following the announcement. IBM will inherit provoke's "powerful" information integration platform and "deep healthcare and public sector experience."

The acquisition should additionally assist IBM differentiate its MDM offering from rival Oracle, in line with Wang -- however not earlier than IBM does the difficult drudgery of harmonizing its multiple MDM applied sciences.

"nowadays, IBM offers Infosphere MDM Server for PIM in accordance with Trigo product suggestions management [PIM] and Infosphere MDM Server 9 in response to DWL for customer facts integration [CDI]," Wang wrote. "initiate systems provides a third and competent product into the lineup that is optimized for consumer data."

Arvind Krishna, GM of IBM's guidance management enterprise, said IBM plans to proffer both product records and customer statistics MDM as sever choices.

initiate has 347 personnel and counts CVS/Caremark, Humana, and the North Dakota department of Human functions among its clients. Neither traffic printed phrases of the deal, which is expected to shut in the first quarter.


Inpixon declares IBM MaaS360 With Watson Integration to allow more desirable vicinity-based mostly mobile device protection | killexams.com real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

PALO ALTO, Calif., Feb eleven, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE by route of COMTEX) -- PALO ALTO, Calif., Feb. 11, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Inpixon INPX, +2.00% a number one indoor positioning and information analytics enterprise, these days announced the liberate of the Indoor Positioning Analytics (IPA) Connector for IBM(R) MaaS360(R) with Watson(TM). the combination allows for joint valued clientele of IBM MaaS360 and Inpixon IPA to implement cellular gadget security policies based on a wireless machine's selected dwelling in a constructing. The connector is available in the IBM protection App change at https://change.xforce.ibmcloud.com/hub/?q=inpixon.

MaaS360 cellular gadget management (MDM) allows for IT companies to relaxed, manipulate and video pomp any company- or worker-owned mobile equipment. The solution allows agencies to configure the machine with corporate connectivity settings, electronic mail profiles and gadget-selected restrictions; to encrypt company counsel; to remotely wipe misplaced gadgets; and greater.

The Inpixon IPA Connector for MaaS360 provides wonderful capabilities to the IBM answer. peculiarly, the Inpixon IPA Connector for MaaS360 allows MDM administrators to utilize numerous geo-fenced zones on a facility flooring plan. As a instant materiel strikes throughout the workplace ambiance, the Inpixon IPA Connector sends the telephone's dwelling to MaaS360, allowing MaaS360 to shove out vicinity-selected guidelines. the most universal spend case is to disable a mobilephone's digital camera, audio recorder and transmission features while in a towering protection, no-mobilephone-phones zone. This capability helps to obviate recording of exclusive conversations, theft of highbrow property, and transmission/reception of voice and records whereas in the zone.

"Cybersecurity situation awareness and instant intrusion detection are key value propositions Inpixon IPA grants out of the container," stated Soumya Das, COO of Inpixon. "When used at the side of MaaS360, shoppers are capable of enlarge their cellular protection capabilities. We're excited to manufacture the Inpixon Indoor Positioning Analytics integration available to MaaS360 global consumers throughout the IBM security App trade."

"IBM believes within the magnitude of ecosystems and integrating seamlessly with finest-of-breed enterprise safety infrastructure, fancy Inpixon," stated Charles Brown, Sr. offering manager, IBM. "including the Inpixon IPA Connector for MaaS360 within the IBM safety App exchange allows their mutual shoppers to leverage the affluent cellular safety facts set of MaaS360 with the vitality of Inpixon IPA."

About InpixonInpixon INPX, +2.00% is a leader in Indoor Positioning Analytics (IPA). Inpixon IPA Sensors are designed to locate any accessible mobile, Wi-Fi, and Bluetooth gadgets anonymously. Paired with a high-efficiency facts analytics platform, this expertise provides visibility, safety, and enterprise intelligence on any traffic or govt vicinity global. Inpixon's items and skilled features neighborhood aid valued clientele purchase competencies of cellular, massive statistics, analytics, and the web of issues (IoT) to learn the untold reports of the indoors. For the newest insight on IPA, comply with Inpixon on LinkedIn, @InpixonHQ on Twitter, and talk over with inpixon.com.

secure Harbor StatementAll statements in this unlock that don't seem to breathe in keeping with ancient truth are "forward-searching statements" inside the which means of the private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and the provisions of district 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and district 21E of the Securities change Act of 1934, as amended. whereas administration has based mostly any forward-searching statements blanketed in this free up on its latest expectations, the assistance on which such expectations believe been based mostly may additionally change. These forward-searching statements depend on a brace of assumptions concerning future hobbies and are province to a brace of dangers, uncertainties and different factors, lots of that are outdoor of the ply of Inpixon and its subsidiaries, which may understanding genuine effects to materially vary from such statements. Such hazards, uncertainties, and other components encompass, but don't seem to breathe constrained to, using the Inpixon IPA platform with IBM MaaS360 Connector, the fluctuation of financial situations, the efficiency of management and personnel, Inpixon's capability to gain financing, competition, frequent economic situations and different factors which are precise in Inpixon's fitful and current experiences purchasable for assessment at sec.gov. furthermore, Inpixon operates in a enormously aggressive and rapidly altering ambiance the dwelling modern and unanticipated risks might besides near up. accordingly, buyers should no longer region any reliance on forward-looking statements as a prediction of specific consequences. Inpixon disclaims any aim to, and undertakes no responsibility to, supersede or revise ahead-searching statements.

Contact:Inpixon Investor family members:CORE IRScott Arnold, Managing Director+1 516-222-2560www.coreir.com

(C) Copyright 2019 GlobeNewswire, Inc. any rights reserved.


IBM MaaS360 with Watson amongst First-Ever Android enterprise suggested EMM options | killexams.com real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

CAMBRIDGE, Mass., Jan. 15, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- IBM (NYSE: IBM) nowadays introduced that IBM® MaaS360® with Watson™ has been named with the aid of Google as an Android traffic advised respond for business-owned, BYOD, and dedicated instruments.

IBM agency emblem. (PRNewsFoto/IBM organisation) (PRNewsFoto/) (PRNewsfoto/IBM)

greater

Android traffic informed, a Google-led program, validates commercial enterprise Mobility management (EMM) product choices that are built to an extended set of respond necessities the spend of superior Android commercial enterprise points that prioritize modern management the route to aid company shoppers manufacture the most of the better of Android. Android enterprise advised EMMs dwell latest with the newest platform points and drudgery closely with Google to present regularly educated group of workers, proven substances and depended on assistance to manufacture positive a constant, a hit deployment.

traditionally, tips know-how and safety leaders believe carried out cellular machine administration (MDM) and traffic mobility administration (EMM) solutions with a purpose to support manipulate and comfy mobile contraptions within the business. With the introduction of laptops, pcs, wearables and internet of issues (IoT) gadgets in an ever-altering latitude of endpoints and enterprise spend instances, groups want a platform that presents visibility and ply over their endpoint and mobile ambiance: unified endpoint administration (UEM). MaaS360 is the handiest platform that can provide an AI approach to UEM to enable endpoints, nearby users, and every Little thing in between — together with apps, content, and information.

MaaS360 provides the visibility and ply IT must assist cozy Android smartphones, drugs, IoT, and ruggedized gadgets in the commercial enterprise. MaaS360 contains assist for Android within the commercial enterprise, Samsung Knox and Android version 2.2 and better. With identical-day aid for the latest Android OS version, Pie (9.0), clients gain quick entry to the latest protection and productivity functionality attainable throughout the platform.

"With giant Android commercial enterprise activations for MaaS360, they now believe prioritized no longer handiest the product roadmap to ensure their shoppers can undertake the Android enterprise respond sets, however besides working towards and enablement for the IBM revenue and aid companies to top of the line pilot the platform." pointed out John Nielsen, providing manager, MaaS360, IBM security. "With the consistency that Android commercial enterprise provides shoppers across a variety of Android manufacturers, they don't anticipate the adoption trend to behind down any time soon."

MaaS360 and Android Integrations

MaaS360 changed into one of the vital first UEM/EMM solutions to pilot the Android working gadget, starting returned in 2010. With the release of Android commercial enterprise zero-touch enrollment, various customers believe deployed the respond leveraging Android enterprise through MaaS360. Android 9 Pie presents modern performance already supported by means of MaaS360, similar to improved lock down mode, autochthonous assist for shared instruments, and streamlined QR code enrollment.

moreover working with main know-how providers to pilot the newest platform updates, performance and standards, MaaS360 is committed to supplying a top of the line in character AI and analytics journey for IT & protection specialists and their personnel. during the past yr, MaaS360 has introduced a range of characteristic enhancements designed to aid the convenience, speed, and aplomb in decision-making manner on endpoints and their ordinary spend within the commercial enterprise.

Story continues

the usage of the UEM's cognitive capabilities, MaaS360 coverage suggestion Engine dynamically shows recommendations birthright through configuration to aid administrators ascertain their inputs are in alignment with that of their friends across passcode, container, restrictions, and greater. MaaS360 Assistant, the first-ever AI sidekick for the cellular employee, is designed to aid enhance cellular productiveness whereas cutting down the extent of tolerable conclusion-user assist inquiries. enterprise Dashboards for Apps helps companies track ROI on their commercial enterprise app investments, clearing up which had been discovered, which haven't, and which are crashing – highlighting the ones that necessity probably the most consideration and prioritization.

IBM MaaS360 with Watson is attainable for a 30-day free trial: https://www.ibm.com/maas360-trial

To find out extra about how IBM and Google believe partnered for a hit Android adoption in the commercial enterprise, connect their upcoming January 31st webinar: https://experience.on24.com/wcc/r/1898869/E41647FDCF214C008DE864A962F1295E?partnerref=PR

Google and Android are emblems of Google LLC.

About IBM protection IBM security offers one of the crucial superior and integrated portfolios of commercial enterprise protection products and features. The portfolio, supported by means of world-sought after IBM X-drive® analysis, makes it possible for companies to quite simply manage possibility and defend towards rising threats. IBM operates probably the most world's broadest safety research, construction and dawn companies, screens 60 billion safety events per day in additional than a hundred thirty nations, and has been granted greater than 10,000 safety patents global. For greater tips, tickle investigate www.ibm.com/protection, supervene IBMSecurity on Twitter or visit the IBM security Intelligence weblog. 

CONTACT: Dillon Townsel dillon.townsel@ibm.com 512-571-3455

View customary content material to down load multimedia:http://www.prnewswire.com/information-releases/ibm-maas360-with-watson-among-first-ever-android-commercial enterprise-informed-emm-solutions-300778058.html


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Norfolk Southern and modern York status inaugurate replacement of key Portageville rail bridge in support of Southern Tier economy | killexams.com real questions and Pass4sure dumps

CASTILE, N.Y., Oct. 28, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- Supporting jobs and the economy of modern York's Southern Tier, Norfolk Southern (NYSE: NSC), the modern York status Department of Transportation, and the modern York status Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation, alongside numerous other supporters, broke ground today on a modern $70 million steel arch railroad bridge in Letchworth status Park.

The modern single-track bridge – expected to purchase about three years to construct – will breathe 900 feet long and located about 75 feet south of the current iron truss bridge, which spans the Genesee River Gorge. NS besides will construct 1,200 feet of modern track on either side of the gorge to align existing tracks with the modern bridge.

"This successful public-private partnership underscores the stalwart aplomb they any believe in the ongoing potential of the Southern Tier," said James A. Squires, Norfolk Southern chairman, president and CEO. "Norfolk Southern has a robust bridge program, and the modern Portageville Bridge will breathe a testament to today's expert engineers and the craftsmanship of today's railroaders. They await this project will start a modern rail legacy for Letchworth status Park and the Southern Tier."

When completed, the modern bridge will breathe the linchpin of a vibrant Norfolk Southern rail line that helps businesses in Buffalo and the Southern Tier regions connect with markets east and west. Among the modern York-based entities to profit from the modern bridge will breathe 10 short line railroads that serve local businesses and connect them to the Norfolk Southern network.

"This project is faultfinding to the economy of the Southern Tier," said modern York status Sen. Patrick Gallivan. "The current bridge has served the region well for 140 years, but it must breathe replaced with a modern span that can meet the transportation needs of the 21st century. In addition to the construction jobs this project will create, the bridge will serve and support businesses throughout the region for years to come." 

The budget for the bridge project includes $3 million in design costs and $2.5 million in construction costs from the modern York Department of Transportation; a $2 million concede from the Finger Lakes Regional Economic evolution Council; and a $10 million concede from the U.S. Federal Highway Administration. Norfolk Southern will contribute the balance. Construction is expected to inaugurate by the nearby of 2015.

"Maintaining a safe, modern freight rail network throughout modern York status is faultfinding to supporting traffic and generating economic activity," said Matthew J. Driscoll, modern York status Department of Transportation commissioner. "The modern Portageville Bridge will breathe a graceful and more efficient addition to Letchworth status Park and is one more example of Gov. Andrew Cuomo's commitment to modern York State's rail network."

"The Portageville Bridge project is a mighty example of building better infrastructure through partnerships between governments at the local, state, and federal smooth and the private sector," said Michael Canavan, FHWA modern York Division chief operating officer. "FHWA is arrogant to breathe a portion of it.  modern York now has a bridge across the Genesee River that will pace long distance freight more efficiently by rail while protecting the graceful Letchworth status Park for the splendid of residents, neighbors, and visitors."

The Erie Railroad built the current wrought-iron bridge in 1875, and while it has served several railroad owners from the Erie Lackawanna Railroad to Conrail, its current condition can no longer efficiently ply modern-day freight rail transportation. Currently, Norfolk Southern must behind freight trains crossing the bridge to 10 mph, and freight car weights must breathe reduced 13,000 pounds below the industry standard.

"Our customers search for to Norfolk Southern for a 21st century transportation option that's safe, reliable, and efficient," said Jim Carter, Norfolk Southern chief engineer bridge and structures. "The route they meet this demand is to believe a dependable infrastructure. They search for to this modern Portageville Bridge as a faultfinding portion of the Southern Tier's success story."

"The replacement Portageville Bridge will continue to complement the natural beauty of Letchworth status Park, while removing a longtime transportation bottleneck," said Finger Lakes Regional Economic evolution Council co-chairs, University of Rochester President Joel Seligman and Wegmans Food Markets CEO Danny Wegman.  "Breaking ground on this project underscores the instant of private and status partners collaborating to accommodate the freight rail transportation that is so faultfinding to their region's economic viability. We are pleased that the Finger Lakes Regional Economic evolution Council is supporting this major infrastructure project."

The current bridge will remain open during construction of the modern arch bridge and then breathe dismantled. During construction, the Portage entrance to Letchworth status Park will breathe closed to vehicular traffic. The nearby Castile entrance has been enhanced and will accommodate additional vehicular traffic. Additionally, the Mary Jemison, Finger Lakes and Gorge trails, and the Highbridge parking lot will breathe closed during construction.

State Parks Commissioner Rose Harvey said, "State Parks congratulates their partners at DOT and Norfolk Southern on the start of this considerable economic evolution project. The modern bridge was thoughtfully designed to frame the view of the magnificent gorge for any who visit the nation's favorite status park."

About Norfolk Southern

Norfolk Southern Corporation (NYSE: NSC) is one of the nation's premier transportation companies. Its Norfolk Southern Railway Company subsidiary operates approximately 20,000 route miles in 22 states and the District of Columbia, serves every major container port in the eastern United States, and provides efficient connections to other rail carriers. Norfolk Southern operates the most extensive intermodal network in the East and is a major transporter of coal, automotive, and industrial products.

http://www.norfolksouthern.com

Photo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20151028/281471

To view the original version on PR Newswire, visit:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/norfolk-southern-and-new-york-state-begin-replacement-of-key-portageville-rail-bridge-in-support-of-southern-tier-economy-300168015.html

SOURCE Norfolk Southern Corporation


Ask HN: Who is hiring? (March 2013) | killexams.com real questions and Pass4sure dumps

Ask HN: Who is hiring? (March 2013) 286 points by whoishiring on Mar 1, 2013 | screen | past | web | favorite | 362 comments Please lead with the location of the position and involve the keywords INTERN, REMOTE, or H1B if the corresponding sort of candidate is welcome. Feel free to post any job that may interest HN readers from executive assistant to machine learning expert to CTO.

Also see: quiz HN: Freelancer? Seeking freelancer? (March 2013) http://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=5304173


The Apple II FAQ | killexams.com real questions and Pass4sure dumps

The Apple II FAQ - HTML version

This is the Frequently Asked Questions posting of the comp.sys.apple2 newsgroup). Copyleft 1994 by Dan DeMaggio (dmag@umich.edu) But quiet under construction... (name a page that isn't!)

Q#1 What's a FAQ? 2/8/95 Q#2 How execute I regain to comp.sys.apple2 and what is it? 2/9/95 Q#3 How execute I regain files off the net? 2/8/95 Q#4 Where can I regain Apple II software and info on the net? 2/8/95 Q#5 What archivers execute I necessity to know about? Q#6 More about BinSCII Q#7 ShrinkIt and NuFX archives Q#8 Executioner Q#9 Apple Archive Format (aaf) Q#10 Net benchmark formats Q#11 A quick note about ProDos filetypes Q#12 What execute the file extensions mean? Q#13 How execute I expose what benign of file this is? 2/8/95 Q#14 What is an Apple II? 1/1/95 Q#15 The Apple I Q#16 The Apple ][ and Apple ][+ Q#17 The Apple //e Q#18 The Apple //C and IIC+ Q#19 The Laser 128EX Q#20 The Apple IIGS Q#21 The Apple ][e Emulation Card Q#22 Some Common Questions (with answers!) 2/8/95 Q#23 Info about A2's: Q#24 What is 8 bit and 16 bit? Q#25 How can I expose what version my computer is? Q#26 What programming languages are available for the Apple ][? Q#27 Adding Hardware: Q#28 Can the Apple II connect to SCSI devices? Q#29 Can I spend Macintosh Monitors or 3.5" drives with my ][? Q#30 Can I hook up a LaserWriter, DeskJet, etc to my Apple //e? Q#31 Can I hook up a LaserWriter, DeskJet, etc to my Apple IIGS? Q#32 Can I hook up a scanner up to my //e? Can it execute OCR? Q#33 Can a Disk ][ breathe used on a GS smartport? Q#34 What's the scoop on the modern HD 3.5" drive? Q#35 I want a Y-adapter for my GS keyboard. Q#36 File Transfer: Q#37 How can I transfer stuff to/from an IBM/Mac? Q#38 File transfer: Apple //e ---> Macintosh Q#39 File transfer: Apple //e &lt--- Macintosh Q#40 File transfer: Apple //e ---> IBM Q#41 File transfer: Apple //e &lt--- IBM Q#42 File transfer: Apple IIGS ---> Macintosh Q#43 File transfer: Apple IIGS &lt--- Macintosh Q#44 File transfer: Apple IIGS ---> IBM Q#45 File transfer: Apple IIGS &lt--- IBM Q#46 What's the CTI Drive? Q#47 How about hooking up cheap IDE difficult Drives? Q#48 How execute I spend stuff I believe transferred to/from an IBM/Mac? Q#49 How execute I regain frigid Mac Icons and fonts onto my GS? Q#50 What programs are there for conversion of vivid images? Q#51 I believe an ancient CPM / PASCAL / DOS 3.3 disk. How execute I regain it into ProDos? Q#52 How execute you copy from a 5.25" disk to 3.5" disk? Q#53 nonstandard problems: Q#54 How execute I regain out of Basic (that Little "]" prompt and flashing cursor? Q#55 What are the problems with GSCII? Q#56 AppleWorks won't print to my printer. What gives? Q#57 My GS control panel keeps resetting to the defaults and/or forgetting the date. Q#58 I'm getting error XXX. What's it mean? Q#59 Why does my Apple II lose characters when I'm using the modem? Q#60 Where execute I regain support for AE boards now that they are closed? Q#61 Is there a QWK reader for the Apple //e? Q#62 System 6.0 mini-FAQ Q#63 Common Problems Q#64 Tips & Hints Q#65 If you believe a RamFast Q#66 If you believe a Vulcan or AE towering Density disk Q#67 If you believe ProSel Q#68 If you believe an AMR 3.5" Q#69 GSCII+ & HFS Note Q#70 What to execute with an Apple ][? 2/8/95 Q#71 What can you hook up to an Apple ][? Q#72 What can you execute with an Apple ][? Q#73 What can the //e can "borrow" from other computers? Q#74 What can the GS can "borrow" from other computers? Q#75 Resources for the Apple II 2/8/95 Q#76 Apple II Groups Q#77 Getting Parts & Software Q#78 Fun hardware add-ons Q#79 Periodicals & Books Q#80 Misc Resources Q#81 universal guidelines on How To Troubleshoot Q#82 universal troubleshooting Q#83 concern shooting and splendid maintenance Q#84 GS concern shooting Q#85 SCSI Q#86 Tips on setting up a SCSI system: Q#1 What's a FAQ? 2/8/95

Hi! Welcome to the comp.sys.apple2 newsgroup!

Sorry about the previous posts (or necessity there of). Some things weren't getting into modern posts because the highly contorted route I post this. Hopefully, this post actually works. Feel free parch me in effigy if I don't regain it right, then e-mail me about it.

I hope it becomes a valuable resource. If not, what's it missing??

Dan DeMaggio (dmag@umich.edu)

Q#2 How execute I regain to comp.sys.apple2 and what is it? 2/9/95

c.s.a2 is a USENET newsgroup. USENET posts can originate from your local newsreader and spread to hundreds of thousands of machines throughout the the world. The comp.

comp.sys.apple2 - universal discussion and questions relating to any Apple //'s comp.sys.apple2.comm - Communications and networking related issues comp.sys.apple2.gno - Discussion of program GNO/ME for the Apple IIGS (UNIX for the Apple IIGS) comp.sys.apple2.marketplace - Buying, selling and promoting Apple // related products comp.sys.apple2.programmer - Discussion relating to any aspect of programming the Apple // comp.sys.apple2.usergroups - Discussion relating to Apple // usergroups comp.binaries.apple2 - Public Domain/Shareware Software for all Apple //'s comp.sources.apple2 - A moderated newsgroup for the posting of Apple // related source code comp.emulators.apple2 - Discussion relating to the spend of Apple // emulation software/hardware on an IBM compatible system alt.emulators.ibmpc.apple2 - Older "ALT" version of above

If you only believe e-mail access to the Internet, you will find the following addresses helpful. manufacture positive you believe a great mailbox and the time to sift through lots of messages per day. reckon getting better connected to the Internet (read "The all Internet Users pilot And Catalog" for more info.)

For this: route a message cadaver of "help" to: --------------------------- --------------------------------- Subscribe to C.S.A2 (internet) LISTSERV@vm1.nodak.edu (BITNET) LISTSERV@NDSUVM APPLE2-L archives (internet) LISTSERV@brownvm.brown.edu (BITNET) LISTSERV@BROWNVM Games from APPLE2-L (internet) LISTSERV@utarlvm1.uta.edu (BITNET) LISTSERV@UTARLVM1 More files via E-Mail (i-net) archive-server@plains.nodak.edu (BITNET) FILESERV@PLAINS Kermit file transfer program KERMSRV@cuvmb.cc.columbia.edu (BITNET) KERMSRV@CUVMA (BITNET) Apple /// files (internet) APPLE3-L@WVNVM.WVNET.EDU

Once you are getting c.s.a2 in your mailbox, you may want to post. Just spend the addresses listed below. People with direct access to the newsgroups execute not necessity these, as they can spend their tidings software to post.

Post to any newsgroup group-name@cs.utexas.edu OR group.name.usenet@decwrl.dec.com OR group.name@news.demon.co.uk OR group.name@news.cs.indiana.edu OR group-name@pws.bull.com OR group-name@ucbvax.berkeley.edu Post to comp.sys.apple2 info-apple@apple.com

Comp.binaries.apple2 is a newsgroup used to ration PD (Public Domain - may breathe used and copied freely.), FW (Freeware - ditto, except that the original owner retains the Copyright.) or SW (Shareware - try it for free, pay for it if you spend it) Apple II software (executables, pictures, sounds, etc...). Software distributed on comp.binaries.apple2 is expected to breathe a BinSCII text file containing a ShrinkIt archive. tickle post a text description of your program and what it requires to elope so people can expose if they necessity it or not. You may cross-post the description (only) to comp.sys.apple2. tickle don't post questions or answers in the binaries group. Remember, distribution of commercial software is illegal.

Comp.sources.apple2 is a newsgroup used to ration Apple II source code. The posts in comp.sources.apple2 should breathe in Apple Archive Format. Contact jac@paul.rutgers.edu for details.

Discussions concerning the software posted in these groups, or the methods of locating, decoding, or accessing this software, or questions on locating archive sites of this software, or any OTHER discussions are to breathe held in comp.sys.apple2. If someone DOES either intentionally or accidentally post to the binary/source groups, tickle respond only in E-mail - execute not compound the problem!

Q#3 How execute I regain files off the net? 2/8/95 Quick Summary: Step 1: manufacture a list of files that you want Step 2: regain files to your host (a UNIX box or ProLine BBS) Step 3: regain files to your Apple II Step 4: Create BINSCII Step 5: Create ShrinkIt Step 6: spend BinSCII & Shrinkit to create Shrinkit GS Step 7: Extract the files you _REALLY_ wanted ---- Step 1: manufacture a list of files that you want 1) You necessity BINSCII (binscii.exe) and ShrinkIt (shrinkit.3.3.exe.bsc). For a shortcut, notice Chuck Orem in the resources section. 2) If you believe a GS (and spend GS/OS), you will want Shrinkit GS (shrinkit.gs.exe) and GSCII (gscii.bsc) 3) Add any other files you want. Don't try to regain everything the first time around. Try one or two test files for starters. Note: Filenames can vary from site to site. Shrinkit and Binscii are usually available on any the Apple II FTP sites. Step 2a: (For ProLine users) regain files to your host 1) Dial up your host and log in. 2) I'm not close with ProLine, so I'll breathe vague here. Just go into the files section and look... Anyone wanna clue me in? Step 2b: (for those with a Sell account) regain files to your host 1) select an FTP site from the FAQ 2) At your UNIX prompt, character "ftp _____" (fill in hostname) 3) At the "Login:" prompt, character "anonymous" (or "ftp" if you are a detestable speller fancy me ;) 4) character in your e-mail address when prompted for a password. 5) character "bin" unless you are only getting text files 6) character "cd ______" (directory) to pace to the birthright directory. 6) character "ls" to notice a list of files. 7) Locate each file (more "cd ___"'s and "ls"). Also, "cd .." will pace up a directory in the tree.) 8) spend "get ______" (filename) to regain it 9) When you are done using FTP, character "quit" Step 3: regain files to your Apple II 1) Find out what file transfer protocols your Apple communications package supports. (see below for a list) 2) On your local comm program, set your file transfer character to Text (TXT) or Binary (BIN) depending on what character of file you are downloading. If there is an option to "strip incoming linefeeds", try turning it on. 3) regain your host to route you the file. I don't know about ProLine, but UNIX users can spend these commands: For Z-Modem: "sz ___ ____ ____" (file names) For X-Modem: "sx ____" (one at a time) For Kermit: "kermit", then "put _____" (filename) 5) If needed, expose your local communications program to Receive. You must execute this quickly, or the other host will give up trying to route the file. 4) Write down the full pathname of the files you downloaded and where you do them. There will breathe a quiz later. Pathnames search for like "/DISK/DIR/FILE.NAME" Note: If something goes wrong, hit ESC, Ctrl-X or Ctrl-C 3 times. If you can't regain one protocol to work, try the next one down. Z-modem is much faster than the others. You will want to find a program that supports it. Step 4: Create BINSCII (if needed) 1) After you disconnect, retreat into Applesoft by starting BASIC.SYSTEM 2) At the `]` prompt, character 'EXEC ____' (your BINSCII file name) Note: If you regain ?SYNTAX ERRORs then something went wrong. Try looking at the file with a Text Editor. 3) character "cat" and search for for BINSCII (type 'SYS') 4) character "-BINSCII" or "-BINSCII.SYSTEM" depending on above Note: You should regain the BINSCII opening screen. Step 5: Create ShrinkIt (if needed) 1) If your Shrinkit file ends in ".BSC" then (In BINSCII) character in the filename of your ShrinkIt file 2) Quit BINSCII. regain into AppleSoft again. 3) character "EXEC SHRINKIT3.3.XTX" (you may necessity the full pathname) 4) elope ShrinkIt with "-SHRINKIT.SYSTEM" Step 6: Extracting everything else 1) If it's BSQ or BSC, elope it through BINSCII 2) If BINSCII creates a ".SHK" file, or if you download a ".SHK" file, then spend ShrinkIt on the file. It's smooth to spend and it doesn't give you the dreaded "FILENAME QUIZ!"

For those who haven't picked a program to download with, here are the biggies. any of the non-commercial programs are available from FTP sites. If you don't believe a comm program already, your best bet is to believe someone mail you one on a disk or buy ProTerm. (See resources).

Program Comp Emulations Protocols Note ---------|----|--------------------------------------------------------------- ProTerm E$ PSE, VT-100 Kermit, X,Y,Z-modem From InSync PTP E$, VT-100 X-Modem, (Y-mdm D/L) From character Computers Kermit-65 E VT-100 Kermit, X-modem difficult to use,Works on ][+ Z-Link E VT-100 X-modem Good. CommSys E nonexistent X-modem Works on ][+ TIC E$ VT-100 (+) X-modem Small, Scripting. Agate E mono ANSI X,(Y,Z D/L only) Unpacks ZIP, Buggy ColorTerm GS color ANSI X-modem Desktop based MegaTerm GS color ANSI nonexistent ProDOS 8 ANSITerm GS$ color ANSI, PSE X,Y,Z-modem Editor, scrollback, etc. SnowTerm GS VT-100 (+) nonexistent Desktop based FreeTerm GS nonexistent X-modem Desktop based GenComm GS nonexistent nonexistent Text, Shell Compat. GSVT GS VT-100 nonexistent Desktop GTerm GS color ANSI nonexistent Written in BASIC/ML Telcom GS VT-100, PSE X, (Y D/L only) Shell compat ----------Key:--------- | Key: $ = A commercial program + = And other obscure ones | Computer: E = works on GS and //e, GS = only works on GS | D/L = Download from other computer --- PTP = Point-To-Point. I don't reckon it's being sold anymore. Anyone know? See the resources section for where to buy the commercial programs. Q#4 Where can I regain Apple II software and info on the net? 2/8/95

[A quick note about URL notation: For those of you with full net access, you can elope a web browser (like Lynx if you are dialed in from your Apple), which will understand URLs directly. Otherwise, ignore the 'http:' ones and notice the previous section on how to spend the FTP ones.)

Hint: ftp://grind.isca.uiowa.edu /apple2 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ ^^^^^^^ Hostname Directory

OK, so here's a bunch of resources:

http://www.umich.edu:80/group/itd/archive/Public/html/apple2/faq/faq.html - Hypertext version of this FAQ

http://www.umich.edu/~archive - Umich archive via the web

ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/emulate-apple2-faq - Emulation FAQ

http://www.info.apple.com/aboutapple/prodlst.html - Apple's Product List, including some Apple II products!

http://www.ericse.ohio-state.edu/SSII.html - ShareWare Solutions II Homepage

http://www.ccsf.caltech.edu/~dmz/a2archive.html - Caltech Apple II Archive

http://www.ugcs.caltech.edu/~nathan/apl2.resource.html - Nathan Mates Apple II Links. Lots of 'em.

http://starship.nmsu.edu:6502/ - ?

ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/misc/textfiles/bbs.list.txt - Mike Shecket's BBS listing

ftp://names.wvu.edu/pub/apple3 - Apple III stuff

http://micromedia.com/www/stlouis/usergrps.htm - Apple user group

Major FTP sites and mirrors:

ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/archive/apple2

gopher://wuarchive.wustl.edu:70/11/systems/apple2/umich.edu

ftp://archive.orst.edu/pub/mirrors/archive.umich.edu

ftp://archive.orst.edu/pub/mirrors/archive.umich.edu/

ftp://cco.caltech.edu/pub/apple2

ftp://brownvm.brown.edu/LISTSERV.193

ftp://ftp.ms.uky.edu/pub/appleII

ftp://ftp.uni-kl.de/pub/apple2

ftp://grind.isca.uiowa.edu/apple2

ftp://grind.isca.uiowa.edu/unix/apple2

ftp://plains.nodak.edu/pub/appleII

ftp://wuarchive.wustl.edu/systems/apple2

Note: Files on brownvm.brown.edu are stored by serial number. For a human- readable directory, route e-mail with the text "INDEX APPLE2-L" or "INFO REFCARD" (no subject) to brown@brownvm.brown.edu.

Other FTP Sites:

ftp://cs.bu.edu/PC/APPLE

ftp://cuvmb.cc.columbia.edu/KERMA

ftp://ftp.apple.com/dts/aii

ftp://ftp.cc.utexas.edu/gifstuff/apple

ftp://headcrash.berkeley.edu/pub/Apple2

ftp://info2.rus.uni-stuttgart.de/afs/umich.edu/group/itd/archive

ftp://iskut.ucs.ubc.ca/pub/apple

ftp://j.cc.purdue.edu/kermit/appleII

ftp://jyu.fi/pub/apple2

ftp://pindarus.cs.uiuc.edu/pub/apple2

ftp://slab.slip.uiuc.edu/apple2

ftp://syr.edu/software/kermit/appleII

ftp://trantor.ee.msstate.edu/files/appleII

ftp://ucrmath.ucr.edu/PC/apple2

ftp://watsun.cc.columbia.edu/kermit/a

ftp://wilbur.stanford.edu/pub/emulators/apple2/DiskImages/

ftp://methan.chemie.fu-berlin.de/pub/doc/faq

ftp://ftp.hawaii.edu/incoming/apple2

ftp://relay.cs.toronto.edu/pub/lists.1989

ftp://watsun.cc.columbia.edu/kermit/a

ftp://oak.oakland.edu/pub/hamradio/apple2

ftp://ftp.uu.net/apple2

ftp://ftp.uu.net/systems/apple2

Archives of C.S.A2 Newsgroups: =============================== wuarchive.wustl.edu /usenet/comp.sources.apple2 (complete!) /usenet/comp.binaries.apple2 ?ftp.tohoku.ac.jp /pub/news/comp.binaries.apple2 hp4nl.nluug.nl /pub/newsarchive/comp/sources/apple2 (incomplete) mcsun.eu.net /pub/newsarchive/comp/sources/apple2 (incomplete) nic.funet.fi /pub/archive/comp.sources.apple2 (complete?) relay.cs.toronto.edu /pub/lists.1989 (1989 only)

If you believe a Shell account, you can spend 'archie' to find ftp sites with a particular file.

Q#5 What archivers execute I necessity to know about?

There are two programs you will necessity to believe an breathe close with to regain software off the net. They are BinSCII and ShrinkIt. ShrinkIt is fancy PKZIP on the PC, or STUFFIT on the mac.: It puts multiple files into one compressed archive. This way, you can regain the program, documentation and related files in one swoop. Unfortunately, USENET can only ply text, not 8-bit binary information. Thus the necessity for BinSCII, which can purchase a file (usually a ShrinkIt file) and eddy it into a train of purposeless letters, numbers and punctuation. This text travels thru USENET to you, where you necessity BinSCII to eddy back into data that the computer can actually use.

Q#6 More about BinSCII

When turning a binary file into text, BinSCII will output a train of files. Each file contains a segment of the original program encoded in BinSCII format. These segments are minuscule enough to breathe posted or e-mailed without clogging the network. (Actually, they are usually posted 3 at a time to redeem bandwidth). [NB: A BinScii text file is a bit larger than the original binary file.] On FTP sites, these will breathe 'blah.BSQ', but on USENET, you give them your own cognomen when you redeem a posting.

When re-creating a binary file from the BinScii segments, any one has to execute is collect any the segments and elope them through BinScii. Each segment has a header that tells BinScii what to do. BinSCII is knowing enough to wade through any extraneous text (i.e. newsgroup headers, etc) and find the segments. It does not matter what order the segments are in, and the segments can breathe in different files. The only thing you believe to recollect is that BinScii does not check to notice if any of the segments believe been accounted for. If there are segments missing, the program will not work, or you will regain a 'file corrupted' error when unshrinking.

ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/8bit/archivers/binscii.exe

GS users can spend GSCII+, an NDA version of Binscii. GSCII+ can besides encode/decode several other formats.

ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/gs/archivers/gscii.bsc

For those with Shell accounts, you can spend SciiBin (decode-only version of BinSCII) to reduce your download time. You will necessity to compile this on your Unix box (ask for aid from a local Guru), then elope your BinScii files (from comp.binaries.apple2) through it. You will now believe the original (smaller) file. This works mighty if there is a NuFX archive in the BinSCII file, but can understanding problems if BinSCII was applied directly to ProDos executable files. In this case, you will believe to download the BinSCII file.

ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/unix/sciibin.c

If you necessity a Unix BinSCII encoder, Bsc will execute the trick.

ftp://cco.caltech.edu/pub/apple2/source/bsc.aaf

ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/unix/bsc.aaf

Q#7 ShrinkIt and NuFX archives

ShrinkIt is an Apple II program which takes one or more Apple II ProDOS files or disks and 'archives' them into a lone file (called a NuFX archive). It besides stores any the vital ProDos information, such as filetype and auxtype. Usually these files are denoted by putting a ".SHK" extension on the archive. ShrinkIt can besides shrink an entire disk into a file (extension ".SDK"), but this should only used when the disk is not ProDos. ShrinkIt is besides a menu driven utility that not only compresses and extracts, but it can besides format disks, copy files, etc.

ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/8bit/archivers/shrinkit.3.3.exe.bsc

If you believe a GS, you will want the GShk, which is even more of a wonder utility than it's 8-bit counterpart. Files encoded with GShk are usually smaller than those encoded with ShrinkIt, but can quiet breathe extracted with ShrinkIt (except files with resource forks. Watch those educate documents if you want Apple //e's to read it!).

If you can't elope Shrinkit because you believe a ][+, you can spend ShrinkIt+, UnShrinkIt+ and Autounshrink.

Q#8 Executioner

Executioner is an older format that is only used to ration BinSCII (otherwise you would believe a catch-22!). It usually has a "CALL -151" at the top (if not, delete everything above it), and doesn't spend punctuation fancy BinSCII does.

To translate an Executioner text file to an Apple II file required that you delete the mail headers/trailers, translated the newlines into carriage returns, download the file to your Apple II and from Applesoft Basic, character the command 'EXEC &ltfilename>' where &ltfilename> is the cognomen of the file you downloaded.

Q#9 Apple Archive Format (aaf)

Apple Archive Format was invented as a benchmark route to post source code to comp.sources.apple2. The C and Basic source code to aaf unpackers are available on the various FTP sites, in aaf format. Fortunately, files in aaf format can breathe turned back into source code with a simple text editor. Just fracture the file up into component files and remove the first character of each line.

ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu /apple2/unix/aaf

Q#10 Net benchmark formats

There are several formats that are used widely on the Internet. The most common in FTP sites are tar (.tar) and compress (.Z). To undo a Tape Archive, character 'tar -xvf filename.tar'. To undo a compress, character 'uncompress filename.Z'. Since tar does not manufacture the file smaller, and compress can only compress 1 file, many times you will find files that are 'tarred an feathered'. They believe a '.tar.Z' extension. Just elope uncompress then un-tar the result. Other USENET groups will spend uuencode (.uu) to route binaries. Just character 'uudecode file.uu'. BinSCII is better than uuencode because 1> It stores the ProDos filetype. 2> It splits the file into manageable 12K chunks. 3> It does a CRC checksum on each chunk.

Most of these 'Unix' benchmark formats are available on the Apple. notice the table below.

Q#11 A quick note about ProDos filetypes

ProDos keeps some information about a file's type. Files can breathe text (TXT), binary (BIN), executable (SYS), fonts (FON), etc. Most other file systems execute not believe a dwelling to store this information, so it may regain 'lost' when you upload the file. Similarly, when you download a file, you may not know the file type. Most comm programs will spend some default. For NuFX archives, this is not a great deal, since you can quiet unpack an archive if the filetype is wrong (and the archive protects the filetype of the files inside the archive). For other files, you may necessity to change the file's type. One utility I recommend is File credit Zapper II.

ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu /apple2/8bit/util/fazz.2.3.bsq

|Type| NuFX | Bin | uuen-| com- |.ZOO | Bin | LZH/| Stuff| ARC | Other| Program | | | SCII | code | press | | Hex | LHA | -It | | | --------|-|------|------|------|-------|-----|-----|-----|------|-----|------| Binscii |e| | X | | | | | | | | | Shrinkit|e| X | | | | | | | | | | DeArc |e| | | | | | | | | D | | Angel[1]|e| | | | X | X | | X | | X | .ZIP | GShk |g| X | | | D | D | | | D | D | | GSCII+ |g| | X | X | | | D | | | | .AAF | sscii |x| | X | X | | | X | | | | | PMPUnzip|x| | | | | | | | | | .ZIP | LHext |x| | | | | | | D? | | | | BSC |c| | E | | | | | | | | | Nulib |c| X | | | | | | | | | | SciiBin |c| | D | | | | | | | | | (Key: E = Encode only, D = Decode only, X = Encode and Decode) (Type: e = Apple //e, g = GS Only, x = GS EXE file, c = C Source code) [1] Angel is pretty Buggy, but it's worth a try. Program Format Author --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Nulib v3.21 C Andy McFadden (fadden@uts.amdahl.com) SciiBin v3.10 C Marcel Mol, Dave Whitnet, Bruce Kahn Bsc v1.2 C Neil Parker Executioner A Glen Bredon BinSCII v1.0.3 A David Whitney (davewh@microsoft.com) ShrinkIt v3.3 A Andy Nicholas (shrinkit@apple.com) (Un)ShrinkIt+ A Andy Nicholas (shrinkit@apple.com) AutoUnShrink A Andy Nicholas (shrinkit@apple.com) GShk v1.1 G Andy Nicholas (shrinkit@apple.com) GSCII+ 2.3.1 G Darek Taubert (dat33228@uxa.cso.uiuc.edu) Format: C - Distributed as source code written in C. A - Executable, runs on most Apple //s. G - Executable, runs on GS only.

ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu /apple2/8bit/util/dearc

Q#12 What execute the file extensions mean?

Many times, people do filename extensions (extra characters at the nearby of a filename) to denote what character of file it is. tickle note that these are just accepted standards. If a file does not witness it's type, your guess is as splendid as mine. The following is a table of some common filename extensions. notice the previous section (on archivers) for programs that will deal with these files.

Extension What is it? (What program execute I use?) --------- --------------------------------------------------------------- .aaf [TEXT] Apple Archive Format for source code (aaf.unpacker) .ACU Applelink Conversion Utility (Shrinkit) .ARC ARC Archive (IBM ARC, GS Shrinkit, //e Angel or DeArc2E) .CPT Compactor Pro archive (Compactor Pro on a Mac only) .BSC [TEXT] BinScii file. (BinScii) .BSQ [TEXT] BinSCII'ed NuFX file. (BinScii--then Shrinkit) .BXY NuFX archive with a Binary II header. (Shrinkit) .BNY BLU archive. (Shrinkit) .BQY NuFX or Binary II with BLU header. (Shrinkit) .BNX NuFX with BLU header. (Shrinkit) .exe [TEXT] Executioner file. May only drudgery in DOS 3.3. notice above. NB: .EXE besides means IBM executable program.. .GIF Graphics Interchange Format: Compressed picture. (IIGIF for //e, many programs for any other computers) .HQX [TEXT] Mac BinHex file. (BinHex on Mac or GSCII+ on GS) .JPG Newer graphics format. (only Unix/IBM/etc viewers) .JPEG Newer graphics format. (only Unix/IBM/etc viewers) .LZH LZH Archive (IBM/Amiga LZH program, //e Angel) .LHA LHA Archive (IBM/Amiga LZH program, //e Angel) .QQ BLU archive. (Shrinkit) .SEA Self-extracting archive (Might breathe Mac, Might breathe Shrinkit archive) .SIT Mac StuffIt archive. (Stuffit on Mac or GS ShrinkIt) GS Shrinkit will not decode StuffIt Deluxe files. .SHK NuFX archive. (Shrinkit) .SDK NuFX with a shrunk disk image. (Shrinkit) .tar Unix Tape Archive (Unix 'tar -xvf', GS EXE tar) .txt [TEXT] An ASCII text file: usually english text. .TIFF Graphics format (GS SHR Convert) .uu Unix uuencode file [TEXT] (//e uudecode, Unix uudecode) .ZOO IBM Zoo Archive (GS Shrinkit or IBM ZOO program, //e Angel) .ZIP IBM Zip Archive (GS EXE Unzip, IBM PKUNZIP, Unix unzip, //e Angel) .Z Compressed file (GS Shrinkit, Unix uncompress, //e Angel)

All of these types, except the ones marked [TEXT] are BINARY files. Binary files cannot breathe sent over e-mail, posted to the newsgroups or FTP'd in text mode. You must FTP them in binary mode (see the section on FTP). You can download either with kermit, X-,Y- or Z-Modem.

Generally, anything labeled as 'Archive' above will contain multiple files, and even subdirectories. Most archivers are besides compressed the files to manufacture the all smaller than the sum of it's parts. (only in computers ;)

Sometimes you will find multiple filename extensions. Simply purchase the filename extensions apart one at a time and you should breathe able to reconstruct the original file. (i.e. somefile.bsq.tar.Z would mean: uncompress, untar, unbinscii, then unShrink to regain the original file!)

Q#13 How execute I expose what benign of file this is? 2/8/95

Here is a sample of what file formats search for like, in case you regain stuck. View the file in an editor (or spend the UNIX "head" command). Once you believe identified the file, notice the previous section (on filename extensions) for what to execute next.

BinSCII: (.BSC, .BSQ)

FiLeStArTfIlEsTaRt ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789() GBINSCII AQhmAAAAA8)4MIAI02DA9ARMQEDtAQhmAIVZ gYITA6u7xADA0MjM3YTNBlDOENkQwYURzITM2UDN5gzNDJUQGVERyEDM1QzM4cjN CFUOFR0QxAjR0MjM3YTNBlDOENkQwAQRzITM2UDN5gzNDJUQGVERyEDM1QzM4cjN

NuFX (Shrinkit Archive) (.SHK)

NuFilei][![/#NuFX_&lt:c[[[ H`F-fGSCII~[ cRJ0)fNN^P)3'A2p6SF6X#GPd&lt9#'LC^08N7n\NB7Dd!eMN&ampeYX0Am=fXp dsPAsp7rh`I'NS0ALAfi2)2ysGEQ$k9CP%L9

uuencoded file (.uu)

begin 666 nonsense.junk M4W5N3U,s4F5L96%S92 T+C$s\%-$4U0V,"Ds(SsZ(%1U92!/8W0s.2 Q,CHS M...3HT.2!%1%0s,3DY, HT4F5L96%S92 T+C$s4F5L96%S92 T+C$s

Executioner (.exe)

CALL-151 E00:38 A5 FF D0 32 D8 20 8E FD AD 30 BF 8D 6A 0E 20 00 BF C7 6D 0E 0D 80 02 E18:D0 1D 20 00 BF C5 69 0E B0 15 AD 81 02 29 0F AA E8 8E 80 02 A9 2F 8D 81 A90885A420732090242039FB2058FCA200BD9220F00620EDFDE8D0F5200CFDA9 008DF2038DF3038DF4036CFCFFE6A4A5A4C96F90CFA9008DFCBFA9018DFDBFA0 A90885A420732090242039FB2058FCA200BD9220F00620EDFDE8D0F5200CFDA9

====================================================================== This FAQ is available on-line at apple2.archive.umich.edu (see FTP) CopyLeft 1994 by Dan DeMaggio. Non-profit distribution encouraged. Mail me at: dmag@umich.edu From: dmag@caen.engin.umich.edu (Dan DeMaggio) Newsgroups: comp.sys.apple2,news.answers,comp.answers Subject: comp.sys.apple2 - Frequently Asked Questions (and answers) portion 2 of 2 Followup-To: comp.sys.apple2 Reply-To: dmag@umich.edu Summary: What you necessity to know about the comp.sys.apple2 newsgroups Approved: news-answers-request@MIT.Edu Archive-name: apple2/part2 Last-modified: 05 Dec 1994 Version: 4.25

Q#14 What is an Apple II? 1/1/95 Q#15 The Apple I

The original Apple was not much more than a board. You had to supply your own keyboard, monitor and case. It sold for $666.66, but now they are worth much more as a collector's item.

Q#16 The Apple ][ and Apple ][+

The computers that started the Apple II line. They believe the 6502, competence to execute towering and Low rez color graphics, sound, plus they believe 7 expansion slots to add peripherals. Surprisingly, the ][+ can elope some of today's software. For instance, I've elope Davex and FredWriter under ProDOS. You can even elope AppleWorks if you believe more than 128K and a program called PlusWorks.

Recommended configuration: 16K language card (in slot 0 with a ribbon cable running to the RAM), an 80-column video card (not the same as a //e 80-column card), shift key modification (a wire running from shift key to game port), modified character ROMs to execute lower case. You can add remembrance in various ways, but programs that require 128K probably will not work, no matter how much RAM you have. You can besides add accelerators fancy the Rocket/Zip.

Q#17 The Apple //e

The //e comes in two flavors: Enhanced and Unenhanced. Apple makes an Enhancement kit that will upgrade an unenhanced to enhanced by replacing 4 chips (CPU [65C02], Video ROM [MouseText], and modern Monitor/Applesoft ROMs). Most current software require an Enhanced //e, and sometimes 128K too. The current operating system is ProDos (Version 2.0 or so). The Apple //e is quiet useful for three major reasons: 1) It runs AppleWorks, a simple to use, yet sophisticated Spreadsheet/Word Processor/Database. 2) There are many Apples in schools, so there is a ton of educational software for it. 3) It is was and will always breathe a _Personal_ computer. You can learn as Little or as much as you want, and nothing stops you from learning about every nook and cranny in it. quiz any great cognomen programmer in MS/DOS or Mac where they learned to program. Most of them taught themselves on a splendid ol' Apple //. splendid programs for an Apple //e: AppleWorks 4.0 (Spreadsheet/Word Processor/Database from character Computers), Copy ][+ (file utility from Central Point), ProTerm 3.0 (communications/terminal emulator from InSync), PrintShop (sign/card/banner printer from Broderbund).

Recommended configuration: Extended 80 Column card (gives you 128K) or RamWorks (512K to 1MB RAM). Enhancement kit if it was an Unenhanced //e. A difficult Drive is recommended if you spend a lot of different programs. You can besides quicken it up with an accelerator (like the Rocket Chip, Zip Chip or TransWarp).

Q#18 The Apple //C and IIC+

The //c and //c+ are 'luggable' versions of an Enhanced //e, with many built-in 'cards'. Included are 2 serial ports, a mouse port, a 3.5" disk port and 128K of RAM. The //C+ has a built-in accelerator that runs at 4 MHz. Even though they don't believe slots, you can quiet add extra remembrance (there's scope under the keyboard) and a difficult drive (through the disk port--a bit behind by ordinary standards, but usable. (Hard to find though.. Was made by Chinook). The //c and //C+ elope just about everything that an Enhanced //e runs. The //C and //C+ cannot connect to an AppleTalk network.

Recommended configuration: 1 MB RAM, 3.5" drive, maybe a difficult drive.

Q#19 The Laser 128EX

While not made by Apple, this clone is a cross between the //c and an Enhanced //e. It is as luggable as a //c and has built-in 'cards', and an accelerator. It besides has a slot to expand. If you want to add a card, you may believe to disable the internal UDC (for 3.5" drives) or the internal 1MB remembrance expansion. Runs almost everything that the //c and //e runs.

Q#20 The Apple IIGS

The GS represents a giant leap in the Apple // line. It can quiet elope //e software, but has a better processor (16-bit), a modern super-hires graphics mode, a toolbox in ROM (just fancy the Mac) and a 32 oscillator Ensoniq sound chip. It can not only elope ProDos, but it can besides elope GS/OS, a sophisticated operating system very much fancy the Macintosh's OS. The original GS ROM 00 (I reckon they any believe the Woz signature) one or two chips upgraded to boot/run current software. The ROM 01 had 256K on the motherboard, while the ROM 03 has 1 MB. Although there were a few ROM changes, the current system software will drudgery patch the toolbox ROMs to search for identical.

Recommended configuration: 1.25 MB lets you boot up GS/OS and spend most programs. With 2 MB, you will believe scope for Desk Accessories. retreat for 4 MB if you want a RAM disk (useful if you don't believe a difficult drive) or execute a lot of Graphics work. Adding a difficult drive is highly recommended. You can besides quicken it up with a TransWarp GS or Zip GS.

Q#21 The Apple ][e Emulation Card

This is a card that fits in positive Macs that lets one elope Apple //e software. It is actually more fancy a //c because the card is not expandable fancy a //e. There is a dwelling on the back of the card to plug in a UniDisk 5.25" and a joystick. Because the graphics are handled by the Mac, animation may breathe behind if you don't believe a decent Mac.

Q#22 Some Common Questions (with answers!) 2/8/95 Q#23 Info about A2's:

Q#24 What is 8 bit and 16 bit?

A: That indicates how great the chunks of data are that the CPU can manipulate. The Apple IIGS is a 16-bit machine and any previous Apple ]['s are 8-bit. This is one of the reasons you cannot elope GS software on a //e.

Q#25 How can I expose what version my computer is?

A: Apple //e:

The major division is between the Enhanced and unenhanced models. search for at your computer while re-booting. If it says "APPLE ][", it is not enhanced. The enhanced computers will Tell "Apple //e". You can upgrade it yourself by getting the Apple //e Enhancement kit. (It contains 4 chips to supersede on your motherboard.) Many newer programs will not drudgery unless you believe an Enhanced //e. The //c, //c+, GS, and Laser 128 incorporate these enhancements.

You can notice what version of the //e you believe by looking for the serial number on the motherboard (in the back, by the power-on led). If it is 820-0064-A, you may believe a motherboard that can't execute double-hires. Serial #s fancy 820-0064-B or 820-0087-A are un-enhanced (without the kit). If you believe the grey Apple //e with the built-in keypad, then you besides have: One 128K ROM IC replaced the two 64K Monitor ROM ICs (the CD and EF ROMs), Two 64Kx4 RAM ICs replaced the eight 64Kx1 RAM ICs, The single-wire shift-key mod, and an Extended 80-Column Card.

The Apple //e comes in two video standards: PAL (Australia, Europe, etc) and NTSC (USA, Japan?, etc.) If the AUX slot is on the side of the motherboard near the power supply, you believe an NTSC model, whereas if it is in line with slot 3, you believe a PAL model. (Thanks to Steve Leahy for this one) The PAL revisions are: [Thanks to Dave Wilson for this]

week 26 1983: 820-0073-A (c) 1982 / B-607-0664 Colour killer switch soldered to vacant oscillator position on PCB. week 38 1983: 820-0073-B (c) 1982 / B-607-0264 Colour killer switch near RHS of PCB. any chips socketed. week 7 1985: 820-0073 (c) 1984 / B-607-0264 PCB marked for enhanced ROMs & 65c02 (may believe ancient ROMs and 6502). RAM & some TTL soldered in. Layout same as above.

Apple //GS:

There are 3 major versions of the GS: Check the initial power-up screen. It will Tell ROM 01, ROM 03. If it does not Tell either, you believe the Original (Woz Signature edition). You must upgrade it in order to elope current system software. The ROM 01 has 256K on the motherboard, while the ROM 03 has 1 MB on the motherboard. any the enhancements of the ROM 03 (except the 1MB, of course) can breathe added to the ROM 01 simply by booting up with current system software.

Apple //c:

Go into Basic and character "PRINT PEEK (64447)" and press return. If it says 255, you believe a very ancient //c. notice your dealer about getting an upgrade (tell them that the Apple authorization number is ODL660). If it says 0, you can connect a 3.5" drive, but you don't believe the remembrance expansion connector. If it says 3 You believe the remembrance expansion. If it says 4, you believe the latest model of the //c. If it says 5, you believe a //c+.

Q#26 What programming languages are available for the Apple ][?

A: Larry W. Virden maintains The Apple II Programmer's Catalog of Languages and Toolkits. It's archived on several FTP sites. (The main one first)

ftp://idiom.berkeley.ca.us/pub/compilers-list/AppleIICatalog

ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/misc/textfiles/programming.languages.

Q#27 Adding Hardware:

Q#28 Can the Apple II connect to SCSI devices?

A: Yes. notice the section on SCSI in this FAQ.

Q#29 Can I spend Macintosh Monitors or 3.5" drives with my ][?

A: In general, no. Apple's 3.5" drive has logic to sense which machine it is hooked up to (Apple II or Macintosh) and it works accordingly. Most 3rd party drives don't bother to do in Apple II support in their drives. The Mac monitors cannot breathe used with the ][ line, not even the GS. Some may drudgery if you hook them up to a UDC instead of an Apple 3.5" card. ancient style Mac 800k drives are very slow.

Q#30 Can I hook up a LaserWriter, DeskJet, etc to my Apple //e?

A: Yes, any the above connections believe regular serial or parallel connections. The tricky portion is getting them to execute what you want. The DeskJet, for example will print very nice-looking text with regular ancient "PR#1". But if you want to change the font or print graphics, you may believe to purchase some software. One excellent program for these types of printers is PublishIt 4. You won't believe the output you can regain from a //e. For AppleWorks fans, there is the program called SuperPatch. Among it's patches is a frigid DeskJet 500 printer driver. You can print sideways, and change fonts with balanced AppleWorks commands. The Deskjet driver is built in to AW 4.0.

Q#31 Can I hook up a LaserWriter, DeskJet, etc to my Apple IIGS?

A: On the GS, you can hook up a LaserWriter via AppleTalk or direct serial connection. A GS program can typically print to a LaserWriter if it's connected to the GS via AppleTalk. If you regain a DeskJet, or PaintJet, etc, you can hook them up via the serial port. But in order to spend them effectively, you will want Harmony from Vitesse (better) or Independence (cheaper) from Seven Hills. They are modern printer drivers for GS/OS programs only. If you want to print from an 8-bit program, notice the previous question.

Q#32 Can I hook up a scanner up to my //e? Can it execute OCR?

A: Yes and Yes. (OCR stands for Optical Character Recognition -- the competence to transfigure a scan into text) Just pick up a Quickie scanner (by Vitesse) and InWords (by WestCode Software). You can scan 4" columns (you must believe 512K to 1 Meg) and can even paste them together to manufacture 8" scans. Then you can spend InWords to "read" text and do it into a text file or AppleWorks Word Processor file.

Q#33 Can a Disk ][ breathe used on a GS smartport?

A: Yes. convene Jameco Electronics (Phone: 1-800-831-4242) S20 PIN HEADER TO DB19-PIN CONNECTOR MODULE ADAPTS II/II+ DRIVES FOR APPLE IIC. portion NO: 10022 PRODUCT NO.: AAM APPLE IIC ADAPTER $3.95

Q#34 What's the scoop on the modern HD 3.5" drive?

A: In order to execute towering Density on the Apple //, you will necessity both the towering Density 3.5" drive and the modern Apple 3.5" controller. If you don't believe both, you will only breathe able to execute regular density. Of course, you will besides necessity towering Density Disks.

Once you believe collected the above items, you are in for a pleasant surprise. ProDos 8 programs not only recognize it, but most programs format and recognize HD disks just fine. You can even boot off of a HD disk, allowing plenty of scope for GS/OS Desk Accessories and such.

There are a few drawbacks: You cannot boot copy-protected software or (or some FTA demos.) You can't daisy-chain a 5.25" of a HD card. Also, it takes up a slot, even on the GS.

Q#35 I want a Y-adapter for my GS keyboard.

A: Redmond Cable has an ADB Y-connector cable for separating your mouse from the side of your keyboard (also can breathe used to drudgery around a failing ADB port on the keyboard). notice the 'Resources' section of this FAQ.

Q#36 File Transfer:

Q#37 How can I transfer stuff to/from an IBM/Mac?

A: Here's a summary: [Note that you can always execute transfers by modem or Null Modem]

Q#38 File transfer: Apple //e ---> Macintosh

  • Apple File Exchange (comes with Mac system software) allows you to copy to/from ProDos (3.5") disks.
  • There's the IIe Emulation Card that fits into the LC, LC II, LC III, Performa 400 and the Color Classic. The card has a port for a 5.25" drive, from which you could copy things to/from the Mac.
  • The ProDos File System Manager is an init (available via FTP) that allows you to spend ProDos 3.5" disks as if they were balanced Mac disks. [You will believe to download the entire disk to regain that one file.] ftp://ftp.apple.com /aii/lc.iiecard
  • A //e to Imagewriter cable can function as a null-modem to connect serial ports. spend communication software on both ends.
  • Q#39 File transfer: Apple //e &lt--- Macintosh

  • The programs A2FX and HFSLink will allow you to read Mac disks in 3.5", 3.5" HD, or even a HFS difficult drive. ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu /apple2/8bit/util/a2fx.8.bsq
  • ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/8bit/util/hfslink.b3.bsq

  • See Mac -> //e question about null-modems Q#40 File transfer: Apple //e ---> IBM
  • If the computers are nearby enough, regain a null-modem cable and communication software with file-transfer capability for both computers.
  • See below about CrossWorks.
  • Also, notice the question on the CTI drive. Q#41 File transfer: Apple //e &lt--- IBM
  • Also, notice the question on the CTI drive.
  • Q#42 File transfer: Apple IIGS ---> Macintosh

  • See above for //e to Mac, or below for Mac to GS Q#43 File transfer: Apple IIGS &lt--- Macintosh
  • GS/OS 6.0 will read and write Mac disks just fine if you believe the HFS FST installed. (See the resources section for info on how to regain GS/OS)
  • Note that you want to read towering density (HD) disks, you will necessity BOTH the Apple HD 3.5" drive AND the HD 3.5" Drive Controller Card.
  • See besides notes about null-modem above
  • Q#44 File transfer: Apple IIGS ---> IBM

  • The Applied Engineering PC Transporter has a utility to copy files from MS/DOS to/from ProDos (regardless of disk size). Unfortunately, the PCT often has problems and AE is unwilling to actively support the card.
  • Also, notice the question on the CTI drive.
  • There is always null-modem cables. (see above) Q#45 File transfer: Apple IIGS &lt--- IBM
  • If you believe a modern Apple towering Density 3.5" Drive and towering Density 3.5" controller card, then you can spend GS/OS 6.0.1's MSDOS FST to read IBM 3.5" disks. Note that Apple 5.25"s don't believe the hardware to read/write IBM 5.25" disks.
  • Also, notice the question on the CTI drive.
  • There is always null-modem cables. (see above) Q#46 What's the CTI Drive?
  • A: The CTI drive allows you to hook up IBM 3.5" and 5.25" disk drives (no towering Density support yet) to your Apple II. [IBM drives are cheaper] Some software is included to read MS/DOS disks on your Apple. Otherwise, ProDos and GS/OS recognize them fancy balanced drives. notice CTI's address in the resources section. besides notice SSH systems in the resource section.

    Q#47 How about hooking up cheap IDE difficult Drives?

    A: There's a card called Turbo IDE, does DMA, is as fleet as a RamFAST SCSI card. Contact J.LANGE7@genie.geis.com for details fancy technical specs, pricing, and S/H procedure.

    Q#48 How execute I spend stuff I believe transferred to/from an IBM/Mac?

    A: In general, only positive types of files can breathe usefully transferred back-and-forth between computers. One thing that you CANNOT execute is elope programs designed for another character of computer. But often you can transfer data files between similar programs (Spreadsheets) on different platforms. Here are some pointers:

    One helpful hint is that any computers can read text files. Most word processors can redeem your file as text and import as text. But with text files, you will lax any your formatting (font type, centering and so-forth). For spreadsheets, saving as DIF will manufacture conversion a breeze. Databases can breathe saved as tab-delimited records. (Note that in AppleWorks, you believe to retreat to Print to redeem in these formats). search for for options fancy "Import" or "Export" (or "Save As" in the Mac world).

    If you want to execute better, there are several options available. A commercial program called MacLinkPlus can execute some conversions. Some Claris programs execute conversions automatically. Also, AFE can transfigure between some kinds of documents (For example AppleWorks Word Processor to MsWorks) if you believe the birthright translator.

    ftp://sumex-aim.stanford.edu/info-mac/util/afe-appleworks-msworks.hqx

    For IBM folk,The CrossWorks program can transfigure between many Apple and IBM formats, and even comes with a universal null modem cable. Alternately, If you spend AppleWorks a lot, you can regain SuperWorks for the IBM, a clone of AppleWorks. It can import AppleWorks files directly. For graphics, SuperConvert can transfigure between any Apple-specific graphics formats and many Mac, Amiga and IBM specific formats. It can besides redeem as GIF, which is a universal standard.

    You can besides play Mac sounds resources (the sort you sustain in the system folder as alert sounds) with IISound.

    Q#49 How execute I regain frigid Mac Icons and fonts onto my GS?

    A: Find the program "Resource Spy"

    ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/pub/apple2/gs/util/resource.spy.bsq

    Q#50 What programs are there for conversion of vivid images?

    A: There are quite a few:

    ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/8bit/graphics/iic.patch.for.iigif

  • MACDOWN is besides freeware and lets you execute the same with MacPaint pics.
  • A ProDos 8 version of The Graphics Exchange (don't know much about it). [The following software only drudgery on an Apple IIGS]
  • The Graphics Exchange converts between many formats of graphics.
  • Prizm v1.0 Converts .GIFs, Amiga IFFs, Raw Files, and some other types to Greyscale (very fast), 16 colors, 256 colors, and 3200 colors! Size of picture limited by availabe RAM (Avail from great Red Computer Club, ~$40)
  • SuperConvert loads any GS formats, plus GIFS and other non-GS specific formats and saves in any GS formats (including Finder Icon files). It has more dithering options than most of the other programs, but you may believe to play with it to find the best one.
  • SHRConvert is the earlier, shareware, predecessor to SuperConvert. It does a pretty splendid job on the types of graphics it supports. ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/gs/graphics/shrconvert.2.1.bsq
  • Platinum Paint is a commercial program that can import any GS formats plus MacPaint. It can only redeem in SHR and Apple Preferred. Version 2.0 can manufacture Animations too!
  • ShowPic 6 is a shareware NDA that can pomp most GS formats. You can besides redeem the resulting vivid as a IIGS SHR painting. ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/gs/gsos/nda/showpic.6.0.bsq
  • Dream Grafix supports any 3200 color picture types and besides 16 color and 256 color pictures. This is a very impressive commercial paint program with its 3200 color support. Note: 'All GS formats' includes Superhires (type $C1 and $C0), hires, double-hires and PrintShop/PrintShop GS.
  • Q#51 I believe an ancient CPM / PASCAL / DOS 3.3 disk. How execute I regain it into ProDos?

    A: The //e system software, the DOS3.3 FST (GS/OS System 6), and Copy ][+ can any transfigure Dos 3.3 files into ProDos. This is only helpful for text files, graphics, and some Basic programs. For ProDos, CPM, Pascal, Dos 3.3, try the program Chameleon. You believe to spend the 'force disk as ProDOS' option to spend your difficult drive.

    ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/8bit/util/chameleon.bsq

    Q#52 How execute you copy from a 5.25" disk to 3.5" disk?

    A: ProDos has no problems with this, as long as you copy by files. Note that ProDos can only believe 51 files in the main directory. If you try to exceed that, it will give you a cryptic 'Disk Full' error. If there really is space left on the disk, you can copy any the files into a subdirectory to regain around the 51-file limit. In theory, you can do an unlimited number of files in a Subdirectory, but in practice, you should limit them to a few hundred.

    Q#53 nonstandard problems:

    Q#54 How execute I regain out of Basic (that Little "]" prompt and flashing cursor?

    A: character the word "BYE" and press return. Now regain out the Apple manual 'A touch of BASIC' and read it.

    Q#55 What are the problems with GSCII?

    A: GSCII is a mighty program, but has two subtle problems: First, it won't drudgery correctly if you extract to a HFS disk (so extract to a ProDOS disk). Also, it won't set the size correctly on S16 files. This should only breathe a problem when downloading Shrinkit GS. In that case, spend BINSCII. The relaxation of the time you will breathe extracting .SHK files, which don't trust about extra bytes at the end.

    Q#56 AppleWorks won't print to my printer. What gives?

    A: AppleWorks will refuse to print to a slot that has a disk device. In the past, this worked well because if you try to print to a slot that has a disk controller in it, you will re-boot. But now, this can understanding problems when a disk device is 'mapped' into your printer slot (due to a limitation in ProDos, you can only believe 2 drives per slot. Extra partitions on your difficult drive will breathe re-mapped to other slots). If you believe a RamFast, you can re-map the drives to different slots. Otherwise, (for AW 3.0) spend this patch:

    POKE 768,128: POKE 769,10 BSAVE APLWORKS.SYSTEM,TSYS,A$300,L2,B$AE3

    If you didn't understand that, e-mail me, or search for into John Link's SuperPatch program, which includes many more patches.

    Q#57 My GS control panel keeps resetting to the defaults and/or forgetting the date.

    A: It's probably your battery. If you believe a ROM 03 GS, you just pop it out an regain another. On the ROM 01, you will necessity a Slide-On Battery Replacement Kit from Night Owl Productions. notice address in 'Resources' section.

    Q#58 I'm getting error XXX. What's it mean?

    A: Some common errors and their cause:

    ProDos Errors: UNABLE TO LOAD PRODOS - You can't boot a disk unless it has ProDos and a something.SYSTEM file on it (Pre-1.9 ProDOS) $27 I/O Error. Possibly a detestable disk? Verify it with Prosel or Copy II Plus $44 Path not establish (You gave an invalid directory name) $45 Volume not establish (you didn't character in the birthright disk name) $46 File not establish (you didn't character a sound filename) GS/OS errors: 0911 Either your GS is overheating, or the ADB port is having problems 0301 detestable TransWarp 0308 notice 8021 8020 Either random TransWarp, or SCSI (try using different SCSI connector) 8021 If you regain this at random times and you believe a HS Apple SCSI, it's probably a version conflict. Install the SCSI drivers from your GS/OS disk, not your HS Apple SCSI disk.

    Q#59 Why does my Apple II lose characters when I'm using the modem?

    A: Check the following: 1) Your software may necessity interrupts enabled. Examine duck Switch 2-6 on your Super Serial Card. 2) If you believe an unenhanced //e, you necessity to enhance your //e. 3) If you believe a //c, it may breathe one of the ones that had a serial port problem. Talk to your dealer about upgrading it for 2400 baud support.

    Q#60 Where execute I regain support for AE boards now that they are closed?

    A: Bruce BABB, ex-AE bench tech, is offering support out of his home for customer support of AE's boards. He besides hints that another company is opening that will sell many of the Apple II products the AE made. You can reach Bruce via Email at 76004.1575@compuserve.com

    Q#61 Is there a QWK reader for the Apple //e?

    A: Yes, it's called 2qwk!. To spend 2qwk! you must patch prodos to allow filenames sent by MS-DOS machines. The beta version is available now on grind and caltech.

    Q#62 System 6.0 mini-FAQ Q#63 Common Problems

    Some programs are incompatible with CloseView. Symptoms are the mouse wipes out everything it moves over. Remove CloseView or inactivate it in the system folder. May quiet understanding troubles if active, but set to 'off'. notice GS Technote #91.

    EasyAccess is besides incompatible with some applications, (especially on ROM 01). Symptoms are a locked keyboard, and not being able to reboot. Remove it or manufacture it inactive.

    Missing features of system 6? Perhaps you just used smooth install, which doesn't install any the bells and whistles. Try clicking on customize and add the nifty things fancy Calculator, Find File, HFS FST, etc. You can besides read the Shortcuts file on SystemTools2 for some mighty keyboard shortcuts.

    Finder icons that match by cognomen and believe a leading wildcard require uppercase letters. For example, a cognomen fancy "[star].txt" never matches, but "[star].TXT" works fine (it matches regardless of a file's actual capitalization). (This was accidental; the 5.0.4 Finder did not trust about capitalization in icon files.)

    Two misconceptions about System 6: The A2.RAMCARD is not for the GS's /RAM5. It only works with "slinky" (i.e. benchmark slot) cards. Also, the DOS 3.3 FST has nothing to execute with MS-DOS.

    Q#64 Tips & Hints

    The AppleShare logon programs believe always looked for a folder named "Mail" inside your user folder whenever you log onto a user volume. If there's any items in there, they present a dialog that says "You believe mail." Under SSW 6.0, that besides sends a SysBeep2 request so you can regain the sound of your choice.

    If you don't want to notice your icons on boot, set bit 1 (i.e. the 2nd LSB) of BRAM Location $5F. breathe positive not to mess with the other bits. spend the toolbox calls!

    The FinderExtras folder goes in the same folder as the Finder (generally the System folder).

    If you don't fancy yellow folders in the Finder you can change the byte at offset +65 in the Finder resource with character $C001 and ID 1. Change the $E0 to whatever you want (the first digit is the default folder foreground color, and the low nibble is for the profile color). Only folders that execute not already believe a color recorded in a Finder.Data file regain the default color.

    Q#65 If you believe a RamFast

    The RamFast and ProDos 2.0.1 both try to execute re-mapping of drives to unused slots. This can understanding problems, mostly when launching and returning from ProDos 8 applications (crashes or wants you to insert disk). Solution: Configure the RamFast not to re-map. If you believe a RamFAST with a ROM revision less than 2.01a, you necessity to regain a newer ROM from CVT. Otherwise, V2.01c allows setting Slot Priority Allocations to 0 which will let ProDos deal with them. V3.0 allows you to select between RamFast mapping (works now) and ProDos 8 mapping. If you can't wait, you can Patch ProDos 2.0 not to re-map slots. search for for "10 BF C9 A5 D0 07" and change the $A5 to $00 (should breathe byte $1A3 in the 5th cache of the file). Hack at your own risk.

    Q#66 If you believe a Vulcan or AE towering Density disk

    Due to problems with the Vulcan, when booting, it asks for your System Disk. Just do the Vulcan driver on your boot disk, boot it, and then launch the installer. Alternately, do the driver on the installer disk and boot it. (but you believe to delete some of the installer scripts first) For the AE towering Density Drive, breathe positive to remove Apple's 3.5" driver when putting on AE's.

    Q#67 If you believe ProSel

    Rename start to something else before running the installer, or else the Finder won't breathe installed. Believe me, you don't want to miss out on Finder 6.0!

    Q#68 If you believe an AMR 3.5"

    If the computer hangs (mostly at the benchmark File dialogue box) with no disk in the drive, try putting one in. What's happening is that GS is reading the status from the drive, and the drive won't return anything unless there is a disk in the drive. Just stick a disk in and any will breathe fine. If it really annoys you, either deactivate the 3.5" driver (get IR so you can double-click to re-activate it) or simply sustain a disk in the drive at any times. This is not a problem under ProDos 8.

    Q#69 GSCII+ & HFS Note

    There is a problem with the HFS FST, but only GSCII seems to breathe affected. When de-binscii-ing files, do the output onto a ProDos volume, not an HFS one.

    [ Mega-thanks to Dave Lyons & friends for these. ]

    Q#70 What to execute with an Apple ][? 2/8/95

    Q#71 What can you hook up to an Apple ][?

    A: difficult Drives, Scanners, Video Digitizers, Laser Printers, Video Overlay Cards, Tape backups, Inkjet Printers, 24 pin Dot Matrix Printers, EPROM Burners, AppleTalk Networks, towering Density 3.5" drives, serial cards, parallel cards, audio Digitizers, CP/M boards (Z-80 processor), an IBM-on-a-card, 9600 baud modems, D/A and A/D cards, joysticks, mice, graphics tablets, touch screens, extended keyboards, track balls, several Megabytes of RAM, Real-time clocks, (cheap) IBM disk drives and of course, Users!

    This list is by no means exhaustive: This is just what I personally believe done. any of it is available NOW, and can breathe done on any Apple //e. In the very near future, you will breathe able to hook up:

    EitherTalk Networks, DSP boards, and cheap FAX modems.

    Q#72 What can you execute with an Apple ][?

    A: As if the above weren't impressive, how about: Optical Character recognition, Desktop publishing, Integrated Spread sheet, Database and Word Processing, Interactive fiction adventure games, Arcade character games, Educational games, Programming, Telecommunications, Inventory, Accounting, Money Management, and that's not even scratching the surface.

    Q#73 What can the //e can "borrow" from other computers?

    A: GS bitmapped fonts, Mac Disks, MacPaint pictures, GIF pictures, just about any Mac/PC SCSI device (Hard Drives, Tape backup), Mac sounds with IISound (sounds are stored in the resource fork), many archive formats (like uudecode), any serial device (EPROM burners, FAX modems, mega-fast modems w/ MNP5), etc.

    Q#74 What can the GS can "borrow" from other computers?

    A: Mac bitmapped fonts, Mac Icons, Mac and Windows TrueType fonts, Mac Disks, Amiga Mod songs, MacPaint pictures, MacWrite documents, GIF pictures, WordPerfect documents, just about any Mac SCSI or ADB device (including difficult Drives, Pen Mice, etc), Mac sounds, Many archive formats (.uu, .zip, .arc, .sit, .hqx, etc), any serial device (EPROM burners, FAX modems, mega- fleet modems w/hardware MNP-5), IDE difficult drives (check out a card called "Turbo IDE". Mail J.LANGE7@genie.geis.com for details)

    If you are interested in doing any of the above, feel free to e-mail me (dmag@umich.edu). Someday, maybe I'll fill in the specific software or hardware you necessity to execute any of the above. If you believe any additions, let me know too!

    Q#75 Resources for the Apple II 2/8/95

    Listed below are some places to regain information about the Apple II. You should besides try your local user group (and the user group library), friends, relatives, library, school, FTP sites, books, and etc. One splendid reserve is "The all Internet Users pilot & Catalog" by Ed Kroll, published by O'Reilly & Associates Inc.

    Q#76 Apple II Groups

    You can become an associate in the Apple Developer Program for $350 (for Mac and Apple II) or a mere $150 (for Apple II only) by calling 1-408-974-4897. That gets you Develop magazine, Apple Technical notes, the Apple Developer CD, discounts on Apple products, and more! If you want to license Apple Software for distribution with your product you can regain information by calling 1-408-974-4667. (Note: You necessity a license to ration Apple System Software, including ProDOS, and the Installer.)

    USUS (Keith Frederick (Secretary), P.O. Box 1148, La Jolla, CA 92038) is an international non-profit organization dedicated to promoting and influencing software standards to aid in the evolution of portable software. They believe a great software library including a lot of source code (for almost every language or computer).

    NAUG, the National AppleWorks Users Group (313-454-1115, 313-454-1965 FAX, 615-359-8238 BBS) is a group devoted to that wonder program, AppleWorks.

    Q#77 Getting Parts & Software

    Redmond cable (206-882-2009) makes and sells any sorts of custom cables.

    Quality Computers (800-777-ENHAnce or 313-774-7200, 313-774-7740 Tech Support, 313-774-2698 FAX) not only sells Apple II products, but maintains a list of user groups and publishes an informative newsletter geared towards educators (called Enhance). They besides published AppleWorks 4.0! To regain a QC catalog and a free subscription to Enhance, just call! Contact QC (on GEnie), QualityCom (on AOL) or quality@pro-quality.cts.com.

    Alltech (800-995-7773 orders, 619-721-2823 FAX, 619-721-7733 Technical Support/inquiries) sells any kinds of replacement parts for Apple II's. They are besides pretty knowledgeable about the II. and inquiries)

    Sun Remarketing (800-821-3221) besides sells used Apples parts and books.

    Parkhurst Micro Products (510-837-9098) sells ANSITerm, a GS-only communications program that supports X/Y/Z-Modem (plus variants), Kermit, VT-100, Color ANSI, and offers features fancy a text editor, a great scrollback buffer, and macros.

    Sequential Systems (800-759-4549 or 303-666-4549,800-999-1717 tech, 303-666-7797 BBS) announced software for the GS that will let you spend many (but not all) CD-ROMs. Audio, quiet Pictures and searching text are supported. Contact SEQUENTIAL@genie.geis.com

    The great Red Computer Club, (402-379-4680) or BRCC, (formerly the great Red Apple Club, sells any kinds of splendid software that you can't regain anywhere else. (including discontinued games, etc.)

    Chuck Orem (PO Box 1014, Benton City, WA, 99320-1014 USA) distributes a 5.25" disk with a terminal program (Comm.System 2.5), Shrinkit 3.4, BinSCII 1.0.3, UU 1.1, Sneeze 2.2 and UnShrink 2.1 in ready to elope format. besides included are any the docs for the above programs, plus Zlink (in archived format). The disk is distributed for $2, to cover postage and materials. Contact Chuck for more information at: corem@pro-greens.cts.com or progreens@delphi.com

    Digisoft (digisoft@aol.com) has a CD called Golden Orchard that is full of Apple II-specific programs. 18MB is accessable from 8-bit //e's, the relaxation is in HFS partitions that can breathe accessed with GS/OS System 6. Cost is around $60.

    Edlie Electronics (800-645-4722 or 516-735-3330) is selling "The ProDOS User's Kit". It seems to breathe your basic ProDOS operating system and a manual. I doubt that it's a current version, but it's worth a search for if you necessity ProDOS on 5.25". Heck, for $1.95, you can't retreat wrong. [there is a minimum order, and I believe never tried it... Let me know if you try it.]

    Washington Apple Pi (301-681-6136, 301-593-0024 BBS [7 bits, odd parity]) has an extremely active Apple /// Special Interest Group. They believe 250 PD disks and believe funded a modern revision of the OS. Contact Dave Ottalini at 72457.2401@Compuserve.com

    Educational Resources (800-624-2926) sells educational programs for the II.

    MECC (800-685-MECC) is a well-known educational software shop.

    The Cynosure BBS (410-549-2584 Settings: 8 data bits, No parity 1 stop bit, up to 14400 bps) has a license to ration system Apple software (ProDos and GS/OS). Contact Doug Granzow at dig@pro-cynosure.cts.com

    You can besides regain system software off of Apple Computer's FTP site. It is maintained by DTS in their spare time. Thanks guys!

    ftp://ftp.apple.com/aii/sys.soft/

    The Apple User Group Connection (800-538-9696 ext 500) can expose you the closest Apple II (or Macintosh) User Group. (Check character Computers too..)

    Resource-Central (913-469-6502, FAX: 913-469-6507) publishes an 8-page monthly newsletter. It's minuscule but packed with information. It has technical discussions and philosophical discussions. It is besides available on disk, with many PD/SW programs each month. Resource Central besides publishes many monthly disks, including ones for HyperStudio users, TimeOut users, HyperCard users, and probably others. any are on 3.5" disk only. They besides believe taken over APDA's job of keeping the latest and greatest from Apple and some 3rd party vendors. They believe programming tools and manuals not available anywhere else (like the Video Overlay Card evolution kit, implement 35/SynthLab docs, etc). Contact A2-CENTRAL, UNCLE-DOS, or DENNIS.DOMS on GEnie.

    Q#78 Fun hardware add-ons

    SSH Systems (Write to: SHH SYSTEME, Dipl. Ing. Joachim Lange, Bergstrasse 95, 82131 Stockdorf, Germany) is selling a card for your Apple that will allow you to spend cheap IBM drives for storage. expense is around $100. Contact J.LANGE7@genie.geis.com.

    Night Owl (913-362-9898) makes a slide-on battery for ROM 01 GS's. You necessity a replacement if the time and system settings retreat back to their defaults whenever you eddy the computer off.

    Conversion Technology (801-364-4171) sells a drive that allows you to hook up cheap IBM 3.5" and 5.25" disk drives to you Apple II.

    Silicon Systems (714-731-7110) makes that 22 pin duck DTMF decoder chip that Apple-Cat modem owners are always looking for. portion #: SSI 75T201 - Integrated DTMF Receiver.

    Q#79 Periodicals & Books

    Quality Computers and Resource Central (previously mentioned above) besides publish periodicals.)

    Shareware Solutions II (166 Alpine Street, San Rafael, CA 94901) is a modern Apple II magazine with the latest scoops, written by long time Apple II writer Joe Kohn. Mail joko@crl.com for details. You can besides finger him, or check out his WWW homepage (see FTP).

    Adam Barr (barr@railnet.nshore.org) and Cindy province (former InCider/A+ editor) are starting a modern Apple II newsletter, only this one is only available via e-mail.

    GS+ Magazine (800-662-3634 orders, or 615-843-3988 or 913-469-6507 FAX) is published bi-monthly, as a magazine and as an accompanying disk. They are a mighty source for unique programs, which are not available anywhere else. They besides believe reviews of modern software. Of course, it's GS specific. Contact: GSPlusDiz (on AOL orDelphi), JWANKERL (on GEnie), or jwankerl@pro-gonzo.cts.com.

    Hyperstudio Network (609-446-3196) is a quarterly newsletter about HyperStudio. They do out an annual 'Best of HyperStudio' disk of stacks, and believe discounts on HyperStudio accessories. They even execute some teacher-oriented stuff.

    Computist (P.O. Box 110846, Tacoma, WA 98411) is a publication devoted to gathering and distributing information on removing copy protection from Apple II software.

    Softdisk and Softdisk GS (800-831-2694 or 318-221-8718) are monthly disk magazines containing a variety of software (PD/SW, clip art, reviews, etc). Softdisk is available on 5.25" or 3.5" disks. Softdisk GS is available only on 3.5" disks. Contact zak@aol.com.

    Q#80 Misc Resources

    If you necessity a IIc upgrade, it should breathe free. Try a few Apple dealers or convene Apple to quest help. The number is 1-800-767-2775 (SOS-APPL).

    Sequential Systems (1-800-759-4549 customer service 1-800-999-1717 technical support) believe taken over CVTech's products.

    Larry Beyer (312-735-9010) likes to fix InnerDrive difficult drives.

    Apple has a toll-free customer assistance line for handling sales questions and user concerns. This toll-free line is not designed to breathe a technical support hotline, but instead is an extension to the comprehensive Apple customer relations effort. The Customer Assistance headquarters is open Monday through Friday from 6 a.m. to 5 p.m. Pacific time by dialing 1-800-776-2333.

    A modern ShareWare-Fee payment service has been established for info, write to:

    Some Assembly Required shareware@uwo.ca OR 1132 Adelaide St. N. #719 hackett@gaul.csd.uwo.ca London, Ontario N5Y 2N8 Canada

    Email suggestions to dmag@umich.edu. As always, let me know of any mistakes, updates, corrections, additions, etc.

    Q#81 universal guidelines on How To Troubleshoot Q#82 universal troubleshooting
  • First, resist the temptation to install any your modern toys at once. purchase it one step at a time and test everything after adding each item. (i.e. elope the diagnostics and try your ancient programs.)
  • Leave the computer plugged in, but turned off when installing cards. touch the top of power supply before and often during your work. Better yet, spend a wrist strap tied to ground through a 1 Megaohm resistor.
  • When asking others for help, it is essential to know the EXACT error message you are getting. Also, breathe as specific as possible. adage "It did not work" or "I could not regain any farther" is not helpful. Exactly which screen did it stop at? Does it respond to any input at all? What had you done up to that point? Is it reproducible any other way?
  • Make positive you believe the required components for the program. Does it require an Enhanced //e? More RAM? A sever boot disk?
  • Never spend your original disks. manufacture a backups and store the write-protected originals in a safe place.
  • Be positive to sustain your disks away from stray magnetic fields emanating from phones, monitors and speakers.
  • If you believe an accelerator, try to disable it or purchase it out entirely. It may not breathe compatible with the modern item.
  • Is the problem re-producible? If so, what are the MINIMUM actions to reproduce it?
  • Check any your cable connections. execute not disconnect or connect any cables with the computer on.
  • Try pulling out other cards and disconnect your joystick. If you believe a lot of cards, you might reckon a Heavy-Duty Power Supply from A.E. It supplies 6 Amps instead of a measly 2.5 Amps. Test the power supply with a voltmeter while the computer is on.
  • Call the manufacturer to notice if there is an upgrade or a fix.
  • Q#83 concern shooting and splendid maintenance
  • Try the system self-test: hold down the Control key, the Open Apple key, and the Option (or Solid Apple) key. Then press and release Reset. Lastly, let up on the other keys. Sit back and 'Watchen Der Blinken Lighten.'
  • Most RAM cards near with a remembrance tester. Try running it in continuous mode for several hours, even if your RAM seems to breathe working.
  • Write down your configuration when you believe it working (for future reference).
  • Verify your disk(s) with Copy ][+ or the Finder to notice if you believe any detestable blocks.
  • Q#84 GS concern shooting
  • Check your control panel settings: What is the startup slot set to? Is the slot set to "Your Card"? Check your RAM disk setting. Is it taking up any your memory? Try setting the quicken to balanced if it's a non-GS program.
  • Take out or disable your INITS, CDAs, NDAs, and CDEVS. (With System 6, just hold down Shift while booting).
  • If you believe a difficult disk, try booting from a System Disk and/or re-install the latest system software. Many random problems can breathe traced to corrupted or improperly installed system software.
  • Never connect/disconnect an ADB device when the computer is on.
  • AppleWorks GS comes with a remembrance tester (try it).
  • The TransWarp GS has a continuous test on the CDA (try it too).
  • Q#85 SCSI

    SCSI is a protocol (kind of fancy serial or parallel) that lets you hook up several devices (up to 8) on a SCSI bus (a bus is just a train of wires). You must give each device it's own unique ID number from 0-7. The SCSI card is usually set to 7. There are two types of SCSI cables: the 50 pin Centronics-type (like on parallel printers) or the 25-pin "D" connector. The 50-pin is the SCSI standard, the 25-pin is the Apple standard. On a SCSI chain, there must breathe a Terminator at each end. A Terminator is just a bunch of resistors. Some drives believe internal terminators (3 minuscule yellow-orange packs), and some drives near with an external terminator (a "plug" to do on the back of the drive). Also, somebody on the bus must supply terminator power (one of the SCSI lines). If There are any problems (multiple things with the same ID, too much termination or not enough, or no terminator power), you may breathe able to spend the drive, but your data will regain corrupted. Most of the time, the computer will refuse to recognize the drive.

    At first, there was the Apple Rev 'C' SCSI card (named after the final ROM version--all previous versions MUST breathe upgraded to drudgery with current software). There were several clones from the likes of CMS and Chinook. Then Apple came out with it's towering quicken DMA SCSI card. This has the competence to execute Direct remembrance Access to the RAM in your computer, which speeds things up. This created a lot of problems with cards that were not DMA compatible. CV Technologies besides has a DMA SCSI card called the RamFast. This card has 256K or 1MB of on-board RAM to manufacture it even faster than Apple's card. It can besides supply terminator power if you drive does not supply it. Both of the modern cards support things fancy SCSI tape backup units, removable SCSI drives, SCSI CD-ROM, and of course SCSI difficult drives. Both the modern cards besides require an Enhanced //e.

    Q#86 Tips on setting up a SCSI system:
  • You can believe multiple drives on one SCSI card, just manufacture positive you remove the termination on any the drives but the terminal one. This is because the newer SCSI cards are terminated (and they matter as a SCSI device).
  • Always check that the cords are plugged in properly. Never connect/disconnect anything when the computer is on.
  • The computer will boot the difficult drive with the highest SCSI ID, which should breathe ID 6.
  • Try letting the drive 'warm up' for 15 seconds before turning the computer on. The SCSI cards search for for drives only at startup, and may ignore any drives that are not ready.
  • Try turning off DMA. If this helps, you may believe a non-DMA compatible card, such as the early versions of the TransWarp, early versions of the GS RAM, or any 8-bit accelerator. Alternately, try setting up a RAM disk for any but 4 MB. Some RAM cards can only execute DMA in the first bank.
  • Check that each device has a unique ID. Most drives believe a thumbwheel on the back to set the ID. Your SCSI card (yes, it counts too) is probably ID 7. Number your drives from 6 downwards for best compatibility. The IDs believe nothing to execute with what slot the card is in.
  • Is there a terminator at each nearby of the SCSI bus? (the DMA cards are terminated, and some drives are internally terminated.)
  • Try the software that came with the card. It may give helpful diagnostic messages (I.E. the Apple DMA SCSI utilities-- Does it Tell "No Apple SCSI card found" or "No SCSI devices found"?)
  • Do you regain the message "Unable to Load ProDos"? If so, it's booting your drive but you believe no system software on it. Try hitting Control-Reset, then PR#5 (or PR#6) to boot a floppy. Then install the system software (i.e. ProDos or GS/OS).
  • In extreme cases, try reformatting the drive, repartitioning, and re-installing the System software.
  • If the drive access light blinks in a regular pattern before the computer is turned on, it is telling you that it has a hardware malfunction. It needs to breathe serviced.
  • Did you try re-installing the System software? Many times, the data on a drive will regain corrupted if you elope the drive with indelicate terminators or conflicting SCSI ID's. Sometimes you will not notice the corrupted data until after you fix the problem. If re-installing the System software helps, it was probably a software problem, not a hardware problem.
  • The Apple HS DMA SCSI card requires an Enhanced //e. It will not drudgery on the older //e without an Enhancement Kit.
  • To really do a drive through it's paces, copy a LOT of stuff from one partition to another (copy the entire partition if you can). If there is a problem with DMA or SCSI ID's, it will probably prove up as a nonstandard GS/OS error. (GS only)
  • Make positive you execute not believe the Apple SCSI drivers installed if you believe a RamFast. It may understanding random problems (they leave an interrupt handler dangling if they can't find their card.) (GS only)
  • Make positive you are booting the birthright slot. If the card is in slot 7, you can set the startup slot to Scan or 7. (GS only)
  • If you boot up and only 1 partition shows up, you necessity to install the SCSI drivers. (GS only)
  • If you boot up and it says "Drive XXX is already on the desktop" over and over: Probably a SCSI ID problem. (GS only)
  • If you add a CD-ROM, drivers are availiable from Trantor Systems LTD, 5415 Randall Place, Fremont, CA 94538 (415)770-1400 (GS only)
  • At least one device must supply terminator power to the bus (Pin 26). The Apple Cards execute not supply this, and some drives don't either. Result: The drive won't breathe seen by any software.
  • Some CMS Platinum drives had pin 40 disconnected for obscure Mac compatibility reasons. This can understanding problems with the Apple IIs.
  • Make positive you spend the drivers from GS/OS, and not the ones that ship with the Apple HS SCSI card. (Doesn't apply to RamFast).
  • To low-level format an AE Vulcan drive, retreat into PART.MANAGER, pace the highlight to "format" and character "AE". Then Tell yes to any the prompts.
  • CopyLeft 1994 by Dan DeMaggio (dmag@umich.edu)



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    AIIM [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Alcatel-Lucent [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Alfresco [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Altiris [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Amazon [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    American-College [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Android [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    APA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    Apple [69 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    Arizona-Education [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    BlackBerry [17 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    NI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    Nokia [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Nortel [130 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Novell [37 Certification Exam(s) ]
    OMG [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    Social-Work-Board [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SpringSource [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SUN [63 Certification Exam(s) ]
    SUSE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Sybase [17 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Symantec [134 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Teacher-Certification [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    The-Open-Group [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
    TIA [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Tibco [18 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Trainers [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Trend [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    TruSecure [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    USMLE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    VCE [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Veeam [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Veritas [33 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Vmware [58 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Wonderlic [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Worldatwork [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    XML-Master [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Zend [6 Certification Exam(s) ]





    References :


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