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C2090-549 exam Dumps Source : IBM Certified System Programmer - IBM IMS

Test Code : C2090-549
Test designation : IBM Certified System Programmer - IBM IMS
Vendor designation : IBM
: 103 true Questions

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IBM IBM Certified System Programmer

Will AI achieve cognizance? incorrect question | killexams.com true Questions and Pass4sure dumps

When Norbert Wiener, the daddy of cybernetics, wrote his e-book The Human utilize of Human Beings in 1950, vacuum tubes fill been nonetheless the primary digital constructing blocks, and there fill been handiest a few actual computer systems in operation.

but he imagined the future they now contend with in impressive detail and with few limpid errors. greater than every other early philosopher of synthetic intelligence, he identified that AI would no longer simply imitate—and exchange—human beings in lots of ingenious actions but trade human beings within the manner. “we're but whirlpools in a river of ever-flowing water,” he wrote. “We are not stuff that abides, however patterns that perpetuate themselves.”

When fascinating alternatives abound, as an instance, they are apt to exist willing to pay a itsy-bitsy and settle for some small, even trivial, cost-of-doing-business for access to modern powers. And relatively quickly they develop into so elegant on their modern tools that they lose the capacity to thrive devoid of them. options circle into necessary.

From "What execute they Do?" through Daniel C. Dennett. tailored from practicable MINDS: Twenty-five methods of AI edited with the aid of John Brockman, published by means of Penguin Press, an imprint of Penguin Publishing community, a division of Penguin Random residence LLC. Copyright © 2019 with the aid of John Brockman.

Penguin Press

It’s an historical, ancient story, with many ordinary chapters in evolutionary historical past. Most mammals can synthesize their personal vitamin C, but primates, having opted for a food plot composed largely of fruit, lost the innate means. The self-perpetuating patterns that they convene human beings are actually stylish on clothes, cooked food, nutrition, vaccinations, credit score playing cards, smartphones, and the information superhighway. And—the next day if now not already nowadays—AI.

Wiener foresaw several problems with this incipient scenario that Alan Turing and other early AI optimists generally neglected. The true hazard, he pointed out, is

that such machines, notwithstanding helpless by means of themselves, may exist used with the aid of a person or a obscure of human beings to enlarge their ply over the relaxation of the race or that political leaders may try to controltheir populations via capacity not of machines themselves but via political strategies as slender and indifferent to human possibility asif they had, definitely, been conceived mechanically.

bound ample, these dangers at the second are pervasive.

In media, as an example, the innovations of digital audio and video allow us to pay a little rate (in the eyes of audiophiles and movie fanatics) after they abandon analog codecs, and in revert provide convenient—all too easy?—copy of recordings with just about superb fidelity.

but there's an incredible hidden charge. Orwell’s Ministry of actuality is now a practical opportunity. AI thoughts for growing all-however-undetectable forgeries of “recordings” of encounters are now becoming obtainable, in an exertion to render obsolete the tools of investigation they fill Come to lift with no consideration in the eventual a hundred and fifty years.

Will they effectively abandon the quick Age of Photographic proof and revert to the previous world by which human memory and fill confidence offered the gold common, or will they improve modern ideas of protection and crime within the arms race of truth? (we will imagine a revert to analog movie-exposed-to-gentle, saved in “tamper-proof” methods unless proven to juries, etc., however how long would or not it's earlier than someone figured out a system to infect such techniques with doubt?

one of the vital disturbing classes of fresh journey is that the project of destroying a attractiveness for credibility is lots less costly than the assignment of conserving this kindly of reputation.) Wiener noticed the phenomenon at its most regularly occurring: “[I]n the future, there is no distinction between arming ourselves and arming their enemies.” The guidance age is additionally the disinformation age.

What will they do? A key phrase, it appears to me, is Wiener’s virtually offhand observation, above, that “these machines” are “helpless through themselves.” As I fill been arguing currently, we’re making equipment, no longer colleagues, and the terrific danger is not appreciating the difference, which they should attempt to accentuate, marking and defending it with political and prison innovations.

AI in its latest manifestations is parasitic on human intelligence. It significantly indiscriminately gorges on anything has been produced by means of human creators and extracts the patterns to exist establish there—together with a few of their most pernicious habits. These machines execute not (yet) fill the goals or concepts or capacities for self-criticism and innovation to allow them to transcend their databases by means of reflectively thinking about their personal pondering and their own dreams.

they're, as Wiener says, helpless, no longer in the sense of being shackled brokers or disabled agents but within the undergo of no longer being brokers at all—no longer having the potential to exist “moved by causes” (as Kant build it) presented to them. it is crucial that they retain it that approach, so they can lift some doing.

within the long run, “strong AI,” or normal synthetic intelligence, is viable in principle however no longer appealing (extra on this later). The much more restrained AI that’s pretty much viable these days isn't necessarily evil. but it surely poses its personal set of dangers—mainly that it might exist mistaken for effective AI!

The hollow between today’s programs and the science-fictional systems dominating the ordinary fantasy is soundless big, even though many folks, each lay and expert, exist ready to underestimate it. Let’s believe IBM’s Watson, that could stand as a valuable landmark for their imaginations in the interim.

it's the influence of a really gigantic-scale R&D procedure extending over many grownup-centuries of ingenious design, and it makes utilize of hundreds of instances more energy than a human brain. Its triumph in Jeopardy! turned into a genuine triumph, made practicable by using the formulaic restrictions of the Jeopardy! guidelines, however to ensure that it to compete, even these guidelines had to exist revised (one of those alternate-offs: you capitulation a itsy-bitsy versatility, a bit humanity, and secure a crowd-appealing demonstrate).

Watson isn't capable company, inspite of deceptive adverts from IBM that betoken a customary conversational potential, and turning Watson perquisite into a plausibly multidimensional agent can exist dote turning a hand calculator into Watson. Watson could exist a valuable core school for such an agent, however more dote a cerebellum or an amygdala than a intellect—at most excellent, a unique-purpose subsystem that might play a huge aiding role, but now not remotely up to the job of framing applications and plans and constructing insightfully on its conversational experiences.

Why would they requisite to create a pondering, creative agent out of Watson? most likely Turing’s astounding thought of an operational verify—the well-known Turing examine—has lured us into a lure: the search to create at least the phantasm of a true grownup at the back of the display, bridging the “uncanny valley.”

The danger perquisite here is that ever considering that Turing posed his problem—which became, in any case, a challenge to fool the judges—AI creators fill tried to paper over the valley with cutesy humanoid touches, Disneyfication outcomes in order to enchant and disarm the uninitiated. Joseph Weizenbaum’s ELIZA, a very early chatbot, was the pioneer instance of such shallow phantasm making, and it become his horrify at the ease with which his laughably primary and shallow application could persuade individuals they fill been having a major heart-to-coronary heart conversation that first despatched him on his mission.

He changed into perquisite to exist concerned. If there's one component they fill realized from the restrained Turing spy at various competitions for the annual Loebner Prize, it is that even very intelligent individuals who aren’t tuned in to the percentages and shortcuts of desktop programming are without vicissitude taken in by using basic tricks.

The attitudes of americans in AI towards these strategies of dissembling on the “person interface” fill ranged from contempt to party, with a commonplace appreciation that the hints don't appear to exist profound however may furthermore exist amazing. One shift in attitude that might exist very welcome is a candid acknowledgment that humanoid elaborations are wrong advertising—something to sentence, not applaud.

How may that exist achieved? once they admire that individuals are starting to effect lifestyles-or-demise selections largely on the groundwork of “counsel” from AI techniques whose inner operations are unfathomable in follow, they will note a superb explanation why those that in any manner inspire people to set more believe in these systems than they warrant should exist held morally and legally dependable.

AI methods are very powerful equipment—so powerful that even consultants can fill first rate judgement not to fill confidence their personal judgment over the “judgments” delivered with the aid of their equipment. but then, if these tool clients are going to improvement, financially or otherwise, from driving these gear via terra incognita, they should exist unavoidable they comprehend how to try this responsibly, with maximum ply and justification.

Licensing and bonding the operators of those systems, simply as they license pharmacists, crane operators, and different experts whose blunders and misjudgments can fill dire consequences, might, with power from coverage businesses and different underwriters, favor creators of AI systems to proceed to impressive lengths to search for and parade weaknesses and gaps of their items, and to coach those entitled to function them to monitor out for them.

one could contemplate about a kindly of inverted Turing check by which the arbiter is on trial; until he or she can spot the weaknesses, the overstepped boundaries, the gaps in a gadget, no license to operate may exist issued. The intellectual training required to achieve certification as a select should exist traumatic. The exhort to ascribe human-like powers of thought to an object, their typical tactic every time they encounter what appears to exist an ingenious agent, is almost overpoweringly strong.

indeed, the skill to visage up to the attract of treating an obvious grownup as someone is an hideous skill, reeking of racism or species-ism. Many individuals would locate the cultivation of such a ruthlessly skeptical approach morally repugnant, and they are able to anticipate that even the most trained device clients would from time to time succumb to the temptation to “befriend” their tools, if handiest to assuage their discomfort with the execution of their tasks.

No depend how scrupulously the AI designers launder the phony “human” touches out of their wares, they are able to anticipate a flourishing of brief-cuts, work-arounds and tolerated distortions of the specific “comprehension” of both the programs and their operators. The comically lengthy lists of common facet effects of latest medicine advertised on tv might exist dwarfed via the necessary revelations of the sorts of questions that cannot exist responsibly answered via selected techniques, with ponderous penalties for producers who “fail to see” flaws in their items. (it is commonly mentioned that a considerable piece of the growing to exist financial inequality in today’s world is due to the wealth accumulated by means of digital entrepreneurs; they may soundless enact law that places their profound pockets in escrow for the public first rate.)

We don’t want synthetic mindful agents. there's a surfeit of herbal vigilant agents, ample to ply whatever thing projects may soundless exist reserved for such particular and privileged entities. They requisite intelligent equipment. gear don't fill rights, and should now not fill feelings that could exist harm, or exist capable of reply with resentment to “abuses” rained on them by inept clients.

one of the motives for now not making synthetic conscious agents is that, besides the fact that children self sustaining they might circle into (and in precept, they can furthermore exist as autonomous, as self-enhancing or self-developing, as any grownup), they would no longer—without particular provision, which might possibly exist waived—share with us natural mindful brokers their vulnerability or their mortality.

I as soon as posed a problem to students in a seminar at Tufts I co-taught on synthetic brokers and autonomy: provide me the specs for a robotic that might signal a binding condense with you—now not as a surrogate for some human proprietor however by itself. This isn’t a query of getting it to remember the clauses or exploit a pen on a bit of paper but of having and deserving criminal fame as a morally liable agent. little babies can’t sign such contracts, nor can those disabled people whose prison status requires them to exist below the supervision and responsibility of guardians of one kindly or one more.

The vicissitude for robots who might requisite to gain such an exalted reputation is that, dote Superman, they're too invulnerable to exist able to effect a reputable promise. in the event that they were to renege, what would happen? What would exist the penalty for promise breaking? Being locked in a cell or, extra plausibly, dismantled? Being locked up is barely an inconvenience for an AI except they first set up synthetic wanderlust that can not exist overlooked or disabled by passage of the AI on its own (and it will exist systematically elaborate to effect this a fool- proof answer, given the presumed cunning and self-expertise of the AI); and dismantling an AI (either a robotic or a bedridden agent dote Watson) is not killing it if the information kept in its design and utility is preserved.

The very ease of digital recording and transmitting— the step forward that allows utility and statistics to be, in impact, immortal—removes robots from the world of the prostrate (at the least robots of the always imagined varieties, with digital software and recollections). If this isn’t obtrusive, feel about how human morality could exist affected if they might effect “backups” of individuals a week, say. Diving headfirst on Saturday off a towering bridge devoid of handicap of a bungee wire would exist a rush that you simply wouldn’t remember when your Friday night backup became build on-line Sunday morning, but you may profit from the videotape of your patent loss of life thereafter.

So what we're creating don't appear to be—should soundless now not be—mindful, humanoid agents however an entirely modern kind of entity, significantly dote oracles, with out a sense of perquisite and wrong, no worry of demise, no distracting loves and hates, no personality (but entire types of foibles and quirks that would itsy-bitsy question exist identified as the “character” of the system): packing containers of truths (if we’re lucky) pretty much actually contaminated with a scattering of falsehoods.

It may exist tough enough getting to know to are alive with them devoid of distracting ourselves with fantasies concerning the Singularity through which these AIs will enslave us, literally. The human utilize of human beings will soon exist changed—as soon as again—continuously, however they are able to lift the tiller and steer between some of the risks if they lift responsibility for their trajectory.

Daniel C. Dennett is the Austin B. Fletcher professor of philosophy and co-director of the headquarters for Cognitive reports at Tufts tuition.

From "What can they Do?" with the aid of Daniel C. Dennett. adapted from viable MINDS: Twenty-five approaches of looking at AI edited through John Brockman, published through Penguin Press, an imprint of Penguin Publishing group, a division of Penguin Random condo LLC. Copyright © 2019 with the aid of John Brockman.

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internal The latest ALL400s report | killexams.com true Questions and Pass4sure dumps

February 6, 2019 Alex Woodie

In early 2018, John Rockwell began a survey from his ALL400s web site in an attempt to glean more assistance concerning the state of midrange neighborhood. most of the questions are about which products IBM i gurus use, but the survey additionally digs into different facets of the relationships that americans and corporations fill with the platform, including plans emigrate off IBM i.

in line with the newest ALL400s survey of the midrange group, extra IBM i stores remark they don't fill any plans to circulate off the platform. It turned into a little boost — from fifty seven.5 % eventual April who talked about they'd no plans to migrate off IBM i to fifty nine.three p.c reported in remaining month’s consequences – but it become a major change.

What’s extra, the January ALL400s report establish that nearly 9.0 percent of respondents remark their corporation has plans to circulate off the platform inside 5 years. That turned into down a itsy-bitsy from 9.7 p.c said a year in the past who observed they'd a five-12 months migration plan. The percent of survey-takers who responded with a particular “probably” to the migration question remained virtually unchanged (about 14.7 percent), while these asserting they're going to “eventually” migrate dropped from 9.7 p.c a 12 months in the past to 8.6 percent this year.

The outcomes, while now not conclusive, are indicative of a strengthening build in groundwork for IBM i, which is a storyline that’s been documented within the midrange build in groundwork in recent years. The theory goes whatever dote this: while there is entire the time some degree of churn on any platform, agencies that were likely to migrate off the platform fill already performed so, leaving the community with a more tenacious core of corporations that accept as True with within the passage forward for the platform.

Most of Rockwell’s 25-query survey turned into committed to IBM i product usage across a few categories, together with GUI generation, security, backup and recuperation, excessive availability, and cloud internet hosting.

On the GUI entrance, the survey suggests that IBM-offered gear continue to exist very widely wide-spread (used by 20.6 %), adopted by using in-house developed gear (used by using 10.three p.c). Rounding out the precise 10 are Fresche solutions‘ WebSmart and looksoftware (8.four percent), CNX‘s Valence (7.1 percent), Profound capable judgment‘s Profound UI (6.1 %), Rocket‘s LegaSuite and Jwalk (5.7 %), Easy400‘s CGIDev2 (four.4 percent), LANSA (3.4 p.c) and Infor‘s Lawson tools (3.1 %).

The suitable 10 within the GUI category didn’t exchange from 2018 to 2019, although Profound logic moved past Rocket utility and CNX fell at the back of Fresche. interestingly, 25.3 % of All400’s survey takers suggested they nonetheless utilize eco-friendly screens and don't the utilize of any GUI. That became down rather just a itsy-bitsy from eventual yr, when 27.eight % pointed out they had no GUI.

On the safety entrance, the percent of IBM i gurus announcing that they had no security utility – both homegrown or purchased from a 3rd celebration — decreased from 31.2 percent a year in the past to 27.6 % this year. this is a welcome trade. besides the fact that children, the guidance that multiple-quarter of IBM i shops don't appear to exist invested in protection utility should soundless nevertheless exist a major concern.

practically 17 % of survey-takers remark they've developed their own security software in-apartment, a lessen from 20.5 % a year in the past. HelpSystems remained firmly in the number three slot, with 15.eight p.c of respondents saying they fill got certainly one of HelpSystems security producdts (PowerTech, StandGuard, Halcyon, and so forth.), down significantly from 17.1 percent a year in the past. About 6.three percent said they utilize IBM provided security tools, while 6.2 percent report the utilize of gear from Syncsort (comparable to Enforcive, Cilasoft, or Townsend protection’s encryption software), up from about 5.8 % a year in the past. Raz-Lee, meanwhile, got here in with a 6.0 percent share, up from three.9 % a yr ago.

RPG is soundless the preeminent programming language on the IBM i platform.

RPG ILE continues to exist the preeminent programming language in utilize on the IBM i platform, the set it’s used by 85.7 p.c of outlets, according to ALL400s survey, basically unchanged from a 12 months ago. utilize of RPG Free ticked down slightly, from 74.0 percent to seventy three.0 %. SQL went up a hair, to sixty two.7 percent, while CL edged up 5 p.c to 49.0 p.c. Java and JavaScript utilize changed into basically unchanged at forty one.8 p.c and 36.4 p.c, respectively, whereas RPG III utilize edged down a percent to about 36.4 percent. personal home page changed into up about three p.c to 27.1 p.c, whereas .net become up about 1 percent to 18.5 percent. COBOL barely registered 10 percent, and was at the back of visible primary, Zebra barcoding, C/C++, RPG II, BASH, and C#.

Fewer IBM i retail outlets are writing their own trade administration utility, in accordance with the entire 400s survey. A year in the past, 29.three % pointed out they rolled their own, while best 26.4 p.c observed they utilize homegrown today. About 3 percent extra (22.0 versus 19.1) remark they utilize no exchange management utility. Rocket’s Aldon leads the third-party cost with a 16.9 percent share, followed by using UNICOM‘s SoftLanding (12.2 %), PTC‘s Implementer (7.9 percent), continue to exist application‘s TD/OMS (3.3 p.c), Midrange Dynamics MDCMS (2.0 %), and ARCAD application (2.0 %). utilize of open supply GIT has ticked up from 5.8 % to 6.1 percent.

There wasn’t tons trade in ERP usage, which isn’t dazzling, considering that they could lift years to build into effect and frequently are in set for a decade or more. Infor’s ERP LX (BPCS) remained the desirable third-celebration ERP product within the IBM i build in base, based on ALL400s survey, with a 7.5 percent share, followed by Infor’s ERP XA (MAPICS) at 7.3 p.c, Oracle‘s JD Edwards World at 5.5 percent, JD Edwards EnterpriseOne and SAP‘s commerce Suite tied at 4.5 p.c, and Infor’s gadget 21 and Infinium products tied at 3.three p.c. One-third of respondents report using in-house developed ERP application, whereas 14.9 percent remark they utilize no ERP. That’s in most cases unchanged from closing 12 months, when forty eight.5 percent talked about they used in residence or not one (Rockwell grouped them together).

When it involves system automation, about 29.7 percent of ALL400s survey-takers remark they utilize custom classes or IBM’s WRKJOBSCDE command, which turned into down more than 5 p.c from final 12 months. HelpSystems was the proper-ranked third-birthday party systems automation enterprise, with a 27.4 percent share within the survey, up from 25.eight p.c remaining yr. utility Engineering of the united states (SEA) suggested a 3.1 % share, up from 2.0 % final 12 months.

Job scheduling had a similar breakdown, with forty two.4 p.c saying they utilize IBM’s native tools, and an extra 25.7 percent announcing they write custom programs or utilize WRKJOBSCDE. HelpSystems had a 24.7 percent share, while BMC application‘s control-M product had a 2.2 % share and SEA’s absScheduler 1.eight percent.

A majority of IBM i stores nevertheless utilize outmoded edifice equipment, in keeping with ALL400s latest survey.

The percentage of survey respondents saying they utilize tapes plummeted from 56.5 p.c a 12 months in the past to 31.3 p.c in the most concomitant survey. It’s questionable what led to the numbers to crash, even though it may exist due to the vast variety of abilities answers that are blanketed in the question. valued clientele said the utilize of every itsy-bitsy thing from the BRMS utility and SAVF instructions to EVault and the Flashcopy command.

The towering availability/disaster recovery category was a itsy-bitsy more neatly-defined, with Syncsort’s MIMIX product leading the passage with a 26.7 percent share, up a hair from eventual year. Syncsort’s iTera came it at 9.7 p.c, up half a percent from yr whereas short-EDD (now owned via Syncsort) edged up six-tenths of a % to 5.1 %. Maxava‘s share of the HA/DR market went from 2.four p.c to three.2 percent, whereas Rockee’s iCluster product dropped from 3.3 percent to 2.8 p.c, as the outmoded vision options OMS/ODS product went from 2.1 p.c to 1.9 percent. IBM’s PowerHA increased from 0.9 p.c to 2.4 percent, whereas HelpSystems’ RobotHA dropped from 1.5 p.c to 1.3 % within the modern survey. iSamBlue had 0.9 %, while defend superior options‘ HA4i providing dropped from 0.9 p.c to 0.7 %. The percentage saying they used nothing for HA/DR went from 24.9 percent in 2018 to twenty.four % in 2019.

On the cloud front, it’s no surprise that a majority (50.four percent) of respondents record using no cloud services by any means. youngsters, many IBM i retail outlets do, certainly, utilize public cloud solutions for x86 workloads, in addition to inner most clouds for some IBM i workloads. So it’s now not awesome that Amazon net features is used via 9.1 % of ALL400s survey respondents, followed by passage of 5.9 percent who utilize either IBM’s cloud or the Microsoft Azure cloud. The Google Cloud additionally had a showing at 1.5 %.

among these offering IBM i capabilities, UCG technologies led the manner with 1.three % share, followed by five-manner tie 0.7 p.c that covered Maxava, Cloud400, Sirius, Connectria, and Infor’s system i cloud.

Rockwell updates his survey perpetually, featuring a working snapshot of the IBM i group and the products that the neighborhood makes utilize of.

“several of the sponsors fill helped me secure some facts in an exertion to effect a major raise in the measurement of the ALL400s commerce checklist. I’m within the system of including as a minimum 5,000 modern companies to it, and many that were eventual proven in the 2004 – 2006 ambit had been re-proven this year. once I’m executed we’ll fill at the least 13 percent of the AS/four hundred ecosystem on the checklist, the usage of IBM’s appraise of a hundred and twenty,000 companies on the platform as a e book. They were initially capturing to effect it to the 13,000 commerce note for the rolling three-year ordinary by the halt of the yr (2017-2019) however with the brand modern records they may soundless Come closer to hitting the 20,000 mark.”

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Survey Paints a picture of IBM i community, Product usage


How Nat Prakongpan establish His domestic on the Cyber ambit | killexams.com true Questions and Pass4sure dumps

series: Voices of securityHow Nat Prakongpan establish His home on the Cyber diversityFebruary eleven, 2019  |  by using protection Intelligence personnel Nat Prakongpan, senior manager at the IBM Integration and Threat Intelligence Lab

IBM

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while most children had been bickering with siblings and fawning over the latest toys, adolescent Nat Prakongpan became edifice an commercial enterprise network for his college.

before he grew to become senior supervisor at the IBM Integration and threat Intelligence Lab and constructed a state-of-the-artwork cyber latitude from the ground up, Nat spent his childhood in Thailand surrounded through computers. He begun programming at age 5. At 13, he turned into certified in community protection by means of considered one of Thailand’s countrywide labs.

Such was his fire for computing that he stopped going to school in grade six to train himself at home and later rate a GED — even though Nat is quick to factor out that his outmoded faculty let him hang around without attending category, so he changed into “socialized.”

“When every person was in class, i used to exist constructing the desktop lab,” Nat laughs. “That’s how I won undergo in constructing an commerce community when i used to exist in grade seven.”

That’s perquisite — Nat constructed his faculty’s complete network, deploying around 500 machines with everything an enterprise network essential at that time. however this was commandeer as the internet changed into starting to growth, and, of direction, the gadget was compromised.

“That’s how I perquisite away pivoted to gaining scholarship of security,” says Nat. “I took extra certification courses when i was 15 and became eventually in a position to relaxed that community.”

From Wunderkind to community safety skilled

So how does a Thai child genius halt up in Atlanta tinkering with IBM protection items to secure them to consult with every different? if you inquire of Nat, it became a “complete fluke” — in fact, he stated tons of his grownup lifestyles is constituted of a sequence of satisfied accidents that led him to construct IBM’s Cyber latitude from the floor up.

the passage Nat tells it, he had a number of months between finishing his domestic-education and starting university, so he came to the U.S. to dwell along with his brother-in-legislations (who became then incomes his grasp’s diploma on the institution of Florida) and attend an English-language faculty. His mom inspired him to apply on the equal university and, a whole lot to Nat’s surprise, he become authorized, so he stayed for the 5 years it took to rate his diploma in computing device engineering.

Like a lot of his classmates, he struggled to land an excellent job perquisite out of faculty. Cue the next chuffed accident: a pal dragged him alongside to an advice session by means of cyber web protection systems (ISS) at his alma mater. He had a chat with the crew, and that they called him at 7 a.m. tomorrow and asked him to are available for an interview “now.” He got the job and moved to Atlanta.

In an alternate universe, Nat would fill led a really distinctive lifestyles.

“i would likely fill long past to a technical college somewhere in Thailand and worked at some organization,” he says. “The U.S. and the job I’m in at the second is more analysis and construction, however lots of jobs in Thailand or in Asia are more product clients — attempting to find products to buy versus what they should build to effect things lift place. it could exist a whole lot less entertaining.”

home on the Cyber latitude

in its place, Nat ended up at IBM safety following IBM’s acquisition of ISS. soundless in Atlanta, he now leads the team that ensures the entire particular person products from IBM safety can work with and talk to each and every other to give seamless end-to-conclusion security for shoppers.

“We write the glue for those items that makes them work collectively,” he says. “None of them work together out of the container, however my group has the handicap across entire their areas of competencies to effect one tale from halt to conclusion.”

but Nat’s proudest fulfillment is the IBM Cyber latitude in Cambridge, Massachusetts, the primary-ever commercial cyber simulator offering a digital environment through which businesses can interact with precise-world eventualities to bolster their possibility coverage and response capabilities. It’s his baby; he architected the expertise, received the funding and designed the eventualities. Nat’s crew then created a fictional global employer with round 3,000 digital laborers, built an enterprise network and invented threats. The fruits is a completely immersive simulation developed totally to hearten groups and people find out about calamity instances and improve their incident response talents.

“The working towards within the Cyber ambit is the example success that I fill to date: to exist capable of instruct people and circulate on the handicap of optimum practices,” he says.

Nat may exist among the few who built the facility, but he actually isn’t the just one who acknowledges its value. With the Cambridge vicinity now booked greater than half a yr out, the IBM group set about its next problem: taking the cyber simulator undergo on tour.

IBMer Nat Prakongpan  establish His Home on the Cyber Range

IBMer Nat Prakongpan  establish His Home on the Cyber Range

Taking the ambit on the road

“some of the things we’ve realized is that their consumers invest a lot of time and components to revert though the Cyber latitude in Cambridge,” Nat reflects. “it's complicated for a shopper to bring entire its high-degree executives into the identical zone on the identical day.

“We were furthermore having a hard time finding out which IBM office will exist the host of their subsequent cyber range.”

At this point, the team entire started exploring greater supple alternatives that could allow the superior number of individuals to handicap from the cyber simulation adventure. eventually, Nat and his colleagues built the primary-of-its-kind IBM X-force Command Cyber Tactical Operations core (C-TOC).

The C-TOC is not just a state-of-the-art cyber simulation on wheels — Nat proudly explains that it is “a true security operations core (SOC) able to serve reside pursuits comparable to towering profile conferences and wearing events.” And to True entire of it off, the C-TOC is designed to respond to a reside assault.

“we can power up to a shopper’s site and exist in a position to computer screen the attack, in addition to achieve forensic investigation on systems and networks,” Nat says.

Bringing the C-TOC from a dream to fact worried most of the equal technical challenges as growing the Cambridge Cyber range. The C-TOC, however, is a cellular unit constructed from the ground up, and Nat’s crew therefore had a number of extra concerns to account for, together with substances, lights, electrical, aircon, ventilation and more. And to accurate it entire off, they had to preserve compliance with motor automobile rules in the U.S. and Europe and corroborate that entire the technology deployed in the unit would exist capable of live to show the tale the twists and turns of the highway.

Nat remembers the primary time he heard the C-TOC conception outlined by means of IBM protection VP Caleb Barlow.

“most likely my first thought turned into that this is an excellent theory and there are such a lot of probabilities for what they will execute with this mobile platform,” he remembers. “My second notion, after I had a itsy-bitsy more time, changed into, ‘Wow, i am going to exist liable for making this entire happen!'”

To the surprise of not one of his teammates, Nat overcame the boundaries associated with the challenge, and the C-TOC rolled into action in October 2018. This month, the cell cyber ambit will open a tour of Europe, bringing true-world cyber incident practising across the continent.

For Nat, the most beneficial point of his involvement with both the Cambridge Cyber ambit and the C-TOC has been the responses from IBM customers.

“The excitement they now fill seen over these tasks was exceptional,” he says. “I consider the C-TOC certainly furthermore conjures up the subsequent era of children and school students to peer what’s viable in cybersecurity and the passage they may furthermore exist involved.”

Meet X-drive Command core artistic Director Allison Ritter

Tags: commercial enterprise security | IBM Cyber range | network insurance policy | probability Intelligence protection Intelligence staff

safety Intelligence team of workers

safety Intelligence strives to exist the main web page for technical and business-focused security content. protection is... 224 Posts continue studying What’s new
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    IBM's Information Management System: Then and Now | killexams.com true questions and Pass4sure dumps

    This chapter covers the history of IBM's Information Management System (IMS) from its beginnings at NASA in 1969 to its current incarnation, and explains why IMS is soundless relevant to customers today.

    This chapter is from the bespeak 

    This chapter presents IMS's past and discusses IMS as a strategic piece of today's computing environment.

    In This Chapter:

  • "History of IMS: Beginnings at NASA"
  • "Is IMS soundless Strategic for Customers and IBM?" on page 4
  • IMS has been an Important piece of world wide computing since its inception.

    On May 25, 1961, United States President John F. Kennedy challenged American industry to send an American man to the moon and revert him safely to earth. The feat was to exist accomplished before the halt of the decade, as piece of the Apollo program. American Rockwell won the bid to build the spacecraft for the Apollo program and, in 1965, they established a partnership with IBM to fulfill the requirement for an automated system to manage big bills of material for the construction of the spacecraft.

    In 1966, 12 members of the IBM team, along with 10 members from American Rockwell and 3 members from Caterpillar Tractor, began to design and develop the system that was called Information Control System and Data Language/Interface (ICS/DL/I). During the design and development process, the IBM team was moved to Los Angeles and increased to 21 members. The IBM team completed and shipped the first release of ICS in 1967.

    In April 1968, ICS was installed. The first "READY" message was displayed on an IBM 2740 typewriter terminal at the Rockwell Space Division at NASA in Downey, California, on August 14, 1968.

    In 1969, ICS was renamed to Information Management System/360 (IMS/360) and became available to the IT world.

    Since 1968, IMS:

  • Helped NASA fulfill President Kennedy's dream.
  • Started the database management system revolution.
  • Continues to evolve to meet and exceed the data processing requirements demanded by today's businesses and governments.
  • IMS as a Database Management System

    The IMS database management system (DBMS) introduced the thought that application code should exist sever from the data. The point of separation was the Data Language/Interface (DL/I). IMS controls the access and recovery of the data. Application programs can soundless access and navigate through the data by using the DL/I yardstick callable interface.

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    IMS as a Transaction Manager

    IBM developed an online component to ICS/DL/I to advocate data communication access to the databases. The DL/I callable interface was expanded to the online component of the product to enable data communication transparency to the application programs. A message queue function was created to maintain the integrity of data communication messages and to provide for scheduling of the application programs.

    The online component to ICS/DL/I ultimately became the Data Communications (DC) function of IMS, which became the IMS Transaction Manager (IMS TM) in IMS Version 4.


    Will AI Achieve Consciousness? Wrong Question | killexams.com true questions and Pass4sure dumps

    When Norbert Wiener, the father of cybernetics, wrote his bespeak The Human utilize of Human Beings in 1950, vacuum tubes were soundless the primary electronic edifice blocks, and there were only a few actual computers in operation.

    But he imagined the future they now contend with in impressive detail and with few limpid mistakes. More than any other early philosopher of synthetic intelligence, he recognized that AI would not just imitate—and replace—human beings in many intelligent activities but change human beings in the process. “We are but whirlpools in a river of ever-flowing water,” he wrote. “We are not stuff that abides, but patterns that perpetuate themselves.”

    When attractive opportunities abound, for instance, they are apt to exist willing to pay a itsy-bitsy and accept some small, even trivial, cost-of-doing-business for access to modern powers. And pretty soon they become so conditional on their modern tools that they lose the aptitude to thrive without them. Options become obligatory.

    From "What Can They Do?" By Daniel C. Dennett. Adapted from practicable MINDS: Twenty-Five Ways of Looking at AI edited by John Brockman, published by Penguin Press, an imprint of Penguin Publishing Group, a division of Penguin Random House LLC. Copyright © 2019 by John Brockman.

    Penguin Press

    It’s an old, outmoded story, with many well-known chapters in evolutionary history. Most mammals can synthesize their own vitamin C, but primates, having opted for a diet composed largely of fruit, lost the innate ability. The self-perpetuating patterns that they convene human beings are now conditional on clothes, cooked food, vitamins, vaccinations, credit cards, smartphones, and the Internet. And—tomorrow if not already today—AI.

    Wiener foresaw several problems with this incipient state of affairs that Alan Turing and other early AI optimists largely overlooked. The true danger, he said, is

    that such machines, though helpless by themselves, may exist used by a human being or a obscure of human beings to enlarge their control over the comfort of the race or that political leaders may attempt to controltheir populations by means not of machines themselves but through political techniques as narrow and indifferent to human possibility asif they had, in fact, been conceived mechanically.

    Sure enough, these dangers are now pervasive.

    In media, for instance, the innovations of digital audio and video let us pay a little price (in the eyes of audiophiles and film lovers) when they abandon analog formats, and in revert provide easy—all too easy?—reproduction of recordings with almost perfect fidelity.

    But there is a huge hidden cost. Orwell’s Ministry of veracity is now a practical possibility. AI techniques for creating all-but-undetectable forgeries of “recordings” of encounters are now becoming available, which will render obsolete the tools of investigation they fill Come to lift for granted in the eventual 150 years.

    Will they simply abandon the brief Age of Photographic Evidence and revert to the earlier world in which human memory and faith provided the gold standard, or will they develop modern techniques of defense and crime in the arms race of truth? (We can imagine a revert to analog film-exposed-to-light, kept in “tamper-proof” systems until shown to juries, etc., but how long would it exist before somebody figured out a passage to infect such systems with doubt?

    One of the disturbing lessons of recent undergo is that the job of destroying a reputation for credibility is much less expensive than the job of protecting such a reputation.) Wiener saw the phenomenon at its most general: “[I]n the long run, there is no distinction between arming ourselves and arming their enemies.” The information age is furthermore the disinformation age.

    What can they do? A key phrase, it seems to me, is Wiener’s almost offhand observation, above, that “these machines” are “helpless by themselves.” As I fill been arguing recently, we’re making tools, not colleagues, and the much danger is not appreciating the difference, which they should strive to accentuate, marking and defending it with political and legal innovations.

    AI in its current manifestations is parasitic on human intelligence. It quite indiscriminately gorges on whatever has been produced by human creators and extracts the patterns to exist establish there—including some of their most pernicious habits. These machines execute not (yet) fill the goals or strategies or capacities for self-criticism and innovation to permit them to transcend their databases by reflectively thinking about their own thinking and their own goals.

    They are, as Wiener says, helpless, not in the sense of being shackled agents or disabled agents but in the sense of not being agents at all—not having the capacity to exist “moved by reasons” (as Kant build it) presented to them. It is Important that they withhold it that way, which will lift some doing.

    In the long term, “Strong AI,” or general synthetic intelligence, is practicable in principle but not desirable (more on this later). The far more constrained AI that’s practically practicable today is not necessarily evil. But it poses its own set of dangers—chiefly that it might exist mistaken for tenacious AI!

    The gap between today’s systems and the science-fictional systems dominating the celebrated fantasy is soundless huge, though many folks, both lay and expert, manage to underestimate it. Let’s consider IBM’s Watson, which can stand as a worthy landmark for their imaginations for the time being.

    It is the result of a very large-scale R&D process extending over many person-centuries of intelligent design, and it uses thousands of times more energy than a human brain. Its triumph in Jeopardy! was a genuine triumph, made practicable by the formulaic restrictions of the Jeopardy! rules, but in order for it to compete, even these rules had to exist revised (one of those trade-offs: you give up a itsy-bitsy versatility, a itsy-bitsy humanity, and secure a crowd-pleasing show).

    Watson is not capable company, in spite of deceptive ads from IBM that imply a general conversational ability, and turning Watson into a plausibly multidimensional agent would exist dote turning a hand calculator into Watson. Watson could exist a useful core faculty for such an agent, but more dote a cerebellum or an amygdala than a mind—at best, a special-purpose subsystem that could play a Big supporting role, but not remotely up to the job of framing purposes and plans and edifice insightfully on its conversational experiences.

    Why would they want to create a thinking, creative agent out of Watson? Perhaps Turing’s brilliant thought of an operational test—the well-known Turing test—has lured us into a trap: the quest to create at least the illusion of a true person behind the screen, bridging the “uncanny valley.”

    The danger here is that ever since Turing posed his challenge—which was, after all, a challenge to fool the judges—AI creators fill attempted to paper over the valley with cutesy humanoid touches, Disneyfication effects that will enchant and disarm the uninitiated. Joseph Weizenbaum’s ELIZA, a very early chatbot, was the pioneer specimen of such shallow illusion making, and it was his horrify at the ease with which his laughably simple and shallow program could persuade people they were having a earnest heart-to-heart conversation that first sent him on his mission.

    He was perquisite to exist worried. If there is one thing they fill erudite from the restricted Turing Test competitions for the annual Loebner Prize, it is that even very intelligent people who aren’t tuned in to the possibilities and shortcuts of computer programming are readily taken in by simple tricks.

    The attitudes of people in AI toward these methods of dissembling at the “user interface” fill ranged from contempt to celebration, with a general appreciation that the tricks are not profound but can exist potent. One shift in attitude that would exist very welcome is a candid acknowledgment that humanoid embellishments are wrong advertising—something to condemn, not applaud.

    How could that exist accomplished? Once they recognize that people are starting to effect life-or-death decisions largely on the basis of “advice” from AI systems whose inner operations are unfathomable in practice, they can note a capable judgement why those who in any passage hearten people to build more faith in these systems than they warrant should exist held morally and legally accountable.

    AI systems are very powerful tools—so powerful that even experts will fill capable judgement not to faith their own judgment over the “judgments” delivered by their tools. But then, if these tool users are going to benefit, financially or otherwise, from driving these tools through terra incognita, they requisite to effect positive they know how to execute this responsibly, with maximum control and justification.

    Licensing and bonding the operators of these systems, just as they license pharmacists, crane operators, and other specialists whose errors and misjudgments can fill dire consequences, could, with pressure from insurance companies and other underwriters, favor creators of AI systems to proceed to extraordinary lengths to search for and betray weaknesses and gaps in their products, and to train those entitled to operate them to watch out for them.

    One can imagine a sort of inverted Turing Test in which the arbiter is on trial; until he or she can spot the weaknesses, the overstepped boundaries, the gaps in a system, no license to operate will exist issued. The mental training required to achieve certification as a arbiter will exist demanding. The exhort to ascribe human-like powers of thought to an object, their normal tactic whenever they encounter what seems to exist an intelligent agent, is almost overpoweringly strong.

    Indeed, the capacity to resist the allure of treating an patent person as a person is an hideous talent, reeking of racism or species-ism. Many people would find the cultivation of such a ruthlessly skeptical approach morally repugnant, and they can anticipate that even the most proficient system users would occasionally succumb to the temptation to “befriend” their tools, if only to assuage their discomfort with the execution of their duties.

    No matter how scrupulously the AI designers launder the phony “human” touches out of their wares, they can anticipate a flourishing of short-cuts, work-arounds and tolerated distortions of the actual “comprehension” of both the systems and their operators. The comically long lists of known side effects of modern drugs advertised on television will exist dwarfed by the obligatory revelations of the sorts of questions that cannot exist responsibly answered by particular systems, with ponderous penalties for manufacturers who “overlook” flaws in their products. (It is widely celebrated that a considerable piece of the growing economic inequality in today’s world is due to the wealth accumulated by digital entrepreneurs; they should enact legislation that puts their profound pockets in escrow for the public good.)

    We don’t requisite synthetic conscious agents. There is a surfeit of natural conscious agents, enough to ply whatever tasks should exist reserved for such special and privileged entities. They requisite intelligent tools. Tools execute not fill rights, and should not fill feelings that could exist hurt, or exist able to respond with resentment to “abuses” rained on them by inept users.

    One of the reasons for not making synthetic conscious agents is that, however autonomous they might become (and in principle, they can exist as autonomous, as self-enhancing or self-creating, as any person), they would not—without special provision, which might exist waived—share with us natural conscious agents their vulnerability or their mortality.

    I once posed a challenge to students in a seminar at Tufts I co-taught on synthetic agents and autonomy: Give me the specs for a robot that could sign a binding condense with you—not as a surrogate for some human owner but on its own. This isn’t a question of getting it to understand the clauses or exploit a pen on a piece of paper but of having and deserving legal status as a morally liable agent. little children can’t sign such contracts, nor can those disabled people whose legal status requires them to exist under the supervision and responsibility of guardians of one sort or another.

    The problem for robots who might want to attain such an exalted status is that, dote Superman, they are too invulnerable to exist able to effect a credible promise. If they were to renege, what would happen? What would exist the penalty for promise breaking? Being locked in a cell or, more plausibly, dismantled? Being locked up is barely an inconvenience for an AI unless they first install synthetic wanderlust that cannot exist ignored or disabled by the AI on its own (and it would exist systematically difficult to effect this a fool- proof solution, given the presumed cunning and self-knowledge of the AI); and dismantling an AI (either a robot or a bedridden agent dote Watson) is not killing it if the information stored in its design and software is preserved.

    The very ease of digital recording and transmitting— the breakthrough that permits software and data to be, in effect, immortal—removes robots from the world of the vulnerable (at least robots of the usually imagined sorts, with digital software and memories). If this isn’t obvious, contemplate about how human morality would exist affected if they could effect “backups” of people every week, say. Diving headfirst on Saturday off a towering bridge without profit of a bungee cord would exist a rush that you wouldn’t remember when your Friday night backup was build online Sunday morning, but you could luxuriate in the videotape of your patent demise thereafter.

    So what they are creating are not—should not be—conscious, humanoid agents but an entirely modern sort of entity, rather dote oracles, with no conscience, no scare of death, no distracting loves and hates, no personality (but entire sorts of foibles and quirks that would no doubt exist identified as the “personality” of the system): boxes of truths (if we’re lucky) almost certainly contaminated with a scattering of falsehoods.

    It will exist hard enough learning to live with them without distracting ourselves with fantasies about the Singularity in which these AIs will enslave us, literally. The human utilize of human beings will soon exist changed—once again—forever, but they can lift the tiller and steer between some of the hazards if they lift responsibility for their trajectory.

    Daniel C. Dennett is the Austin B. Fletcher professor of philosophy and co-director of the headquarters for Cognitive Studies at Tufts University.

    From "What Can They Do?" By Daniel C. Dennett. Adapted from practicable MINDS: Twenty-Five Ways of Looking at AI edited by John Brockman, published by Penguin Press, an imprint of Penguin Publishing Group, a division of Penguin Random House LLC. Copyright © 2019 by John Brockman.

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    Monthly License charge software

    IBM licensing structures are, to exist generous, arcane. IBM has many types of billing, some designed to inveigle people into the mainframe world, others supporting customers with fleets of Z processors and millions of lines of COBOL code.

    IBM customers fill the option to pay an amount determined by CPU consumption each month. This pricing, which encompasses IBM's trademark software products, such as z/OS, DB2, CICS and IMS, comes under the umbrella of Monthly License charge (MLC) software. MLC applies to IBM's Parallel Sysplex License Charges (PSLC), not One Time charge (OTC) or subscription-based software.

    Within the MLC software pricing model, IBM charges according to the Millions of Service Units (MSUs) consumed by a ratiocinative partition (LPAR), or instance of the operating system. While MSUs roughly correspond to the traditional Millions of Instructions per Second (MIPS) metric for processor capacity, IBM does sometimes exploit the MSU rating of a machine to hearten customers onto modern processors with discounts. This is sometimes called the technology dividend. IBM's Resource Management Facility collects both software MSU and hardware MSU values.

    MLC licenses in action

    With MLC agreements, IBM charges based on the highest four-hour rolling indifferent MSUs used by each LPAR for a month. The four-hour indifferent only applies to the software that actually ran on the LPAR.

    IBM keeps track of what software runs where with kind 89 Systems Management Facility records. A utility in z/OS tracks MLC products as they eschew and cuts a record for each, usually at 15-minute intervals. Each record contains labels identifying the software along with CPU consumption.

    The MLC billing cycle runs from the second of the month to the first of the next month. At the halt of the cycle, customers feed the kind 89 records through IBM's Subcapacity Reporting tool (SCRT). The SCRT produces a usage report and a comma separated value (CSV) file suitable for sending to IBM. Mapping the kind 89 records to the usage report isn't always straightforward, as SCRT uses transformation rules for accumulating the usage statistics into product report buckets. In some cases, you'll fill to execute extensive research to motif out exactly what's going into the individual product categories.

    Before sending the CSV file, you can adjust the report for extenuating circumstances, as outlined in your software contract, but IBM requires at least 95% of the kind 89 records to exist in the report. If you fail to meet that requirement, exist prepared to pay software charges for the entire capacity of the box.

    With IBM's MLC payment methodology, some MSUs are cheaper than others. For instance, an enterprise running four LPARs may settle to confine CICS to half of the z/OS instances. The MSUs on the non-CICS machines are suddenly cheaper because they don't involve charges for the transaction server. The CICS bill may proceed down, as the company is now billed only on the CPU that CICS consumes.

    Soft capping an LPAR

    Hard capping an LPAR can prick software costs, but can furthermore risk performance degradation during an unexpected workload surge. The Processor Resource/System Manager (PR/SM) hypervisor enables soft capping as well, wherein systems programmers apportion each LPAR a defined capacity in MSUs. Soft capping lets LPARs momentarily exceed their software caps in case of workload bursts or sudden online demand.

    With the cap in place, Workload Manager (WLM) watches the four-hour rolling indifferent as the LPAR's workload waxes and wanes. When the LPAR's four-hour rolling indifferent exceeds its assigned defined capacity, WLM asks PR/SM to manage the partition's processor usage until the indifferent moves below defined capacity. PR/SM's throttling keeps an installation from paying more for MLC software than the LPAR's defined capacity. If the LPAR never reaches its limit, the software charges will exist even lower.

    LPAR capacity groups

    For additional flexibility, capacity planners can build LPARs into capacity groups. The systems programmer assigns a defined capacity to the group; each LPAR's share is governed by the partition's PR/SM weight value. An LPAR can belong to only one group, though you can define more than one group per Central Electronic knotty (CEC). not one of the LPARs in the group can fill dedicated processors and a group may not span CECs.

    Though usage may vary between the individual LPARs, the group as a whole cannot exceed its cap. The LPARs share the CPU as needed, until the group reaches its cap, whereupon the LPAR with the highest weight will secure its share and lower-weight LPARs will exist limited.

    About the author:

    Robert Crawford spent 29 years as a systems programmer, covering CICS technical support, Virtual Storage Access Method, IBM DB2, IBM IMS and other mainframe products. He programmed in Assembler, Rexx, C, C++, PL/1 and COBOL. Crawford is currently an operations architect based in south Texas, establishing mainframe strategy for a big insurance company.

    captainwhacks@yahoo.com



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