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310-014 exam Dumps Source : Sun Certified System Administrator for the Solaris 9 Operating System
Test Code : 310-014
Test title : Sun Certified System Administrator for the Solaris 9 Operating System
Vendor title : SUN
: 285 existent Questions
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certified Solaris gear directors are suggestions expertise (IT) authorities who deploy and hold network servers running probably the most Solaris working gadget, presently attainable throughout the Oracle corporation. they're usually employed with the aid of corporations and different companies with laptop networks that expend the business's open source utility items. As techniques administrators, they may additionally additionally supervise different IT group of workers and reply to questions and renovation requests from office people.education Bachelor's diploma in tips technology or computer science counseled Job potential Troubleshooting, analytical pondering, multitasking, conversation profits ambit (2016)* $87,400 to $104,762 with sun licensed device Administrator credentials Job growth (2014-2024)** 8% for network and laptop programs administrators
supply: *Payscale, **U.S. Bureau of Labor informationRequired education
Most programs administrators devour accomplished a Bachelor of Science in tips expertise, laptop Science or a related container. Core coursework customarily contains topics in programming languages and strategies, networking and methods design. Solaris certifications are available in the course of the Oracle company in network, protection and systems administration. necessities embrace a passing rating on an exam, which candidates can result together for by means of enrolling in classes at the Oracle Academy or an accepted working towards middle, reviewing seminar programs and taking apply checks.potential Required
programs directors are analytical thinkers who're able to troubleshoot concerns for tremendous organizations of network gear clients. worrying instances require clear, quick considering, and can involve working lengthy hours except the problem is fixed. The capacity to multitask will also subsist helpful when managing more than one mission at a time. communication abilities are key when working with nontechnical workforce participants.profession and revenue Outlook
The U.S. Bureau of Labor information (BLS) envisioned that jobs for gear administrators in universal will raise by an ordinary tempo, 8% from 2014 to 2024. certified device administrators will pick enjoyment in unbelievable job prospects, as corporations more and more depend on full-time specialists to preserve their desktop working techniques. based on Payscale.com, certified techniques directors for Solaris working techniques earned between $87,four hundred and $104,762 in may additionally 2016.
download the authoritative e book: Cloud Computing 2019: the expend of the Cloud for aggressive skillsit's been a unhurried pair of weeks within the IT certification industry, but we've managed to dig up some objects of interest for you.
solar Readying Solaris 9 network Admin examination
sun Microsystems is complicated at labor on the network Administrator for Solaris examination as a artery to cowl Solaris 9. The examination might subsist provided in beta from June 17 via July 9. when you are already a sun licensed gear Administrator for Solaris and want to pick the beta, you can request a free voucher on the sun net web site.
RHCE exam updatedhttps://o1.qnsr.com/log/p.gif?;n=203;c=204660774;s=9478;x=7936;f=201812281339040;u=j;z=TIMESTAMP;a=20403972;e=i The pink Hat Linux certified Engineer (RHCE) exam has been up to date to cover pink Hat Linux 7.three. present RHCEs will nonetheless cling legitimate certifications unless they earned the title a while ago. in accordance with pink Hat's certification FAQ, RHCE certification is regarded latest for the main liberate of crimson Hat that's commercially obtainable at the time of certification plus the next two predominant releases.
Riverstone Networks Launches hands-On Metro Networking Certification
Riverstone Networks has created a two-tiered certification program to certify expertise in metropolitan region community know-how. degree one, Riverstone licensed network skilled (RCNP) requires passing a 75-question diverse option exam ($a hundred and fifty) administered by artery of Prometric. degree two, Riverstone licensed Internetwork knowledgeable (RCIE) required an extra written examination ($200), and a in the future palms-on lab exam ($1,250) held a Riverstone Networks facility. technologies covered consist of routing, OSPF, IS-IS, BGP, MPLS, and the finer points of service creation. For extra particulars note on the Riverstone web web site.
Avaya adds IP Telephony specialist Title
Avaya Inc. has delivered a brand recent certification for people who design, install, control, and retain enterprise-classification web Protocol (IP) telephony networks and purposes. unluckily they've additionally modified their net web page in order that you cannot glean tips on their certification courses without presenting plenary registration and calling them on the telephone to investigate what you devour got entered. if you're up for it, talk over with their net web page.
Sybase Adaptive Server 12.5 exam live
The most recent Sybase exam: Sybase Adaptive Server Administrator version 12.5 (exam 510-020) is now attainable in Prometric trying out centers. The exam includes fifty six numerous preference questions and lasts up to ninety minutes. Passing ranking is 66%. themes lined encompass architecture, configuration, resource allocation, database and transaction logs, backup and recuperation, and extra. glean the entire define on the Sybase net web site.
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This article is portion two of a two-part succession and details the PAM application programming interface and the PAM service provider interface. also included are procedures on how to effectively write PAM modules when using the Solaris 9 Operating Environment. By writing these PAM service modules, it is possible to extend the capability of the Solaris 9 OE authentication mechanisms in a number of different ways.Like this article? They recommend
This article is portion two of a two-part series. portion one, published in the September issue of Sun BluePrintsTM Online, particular the benefits of Pluggable Authentication Module (PAM), its components, and the PAM Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) module. This article details the PAM application programming interface (API) and the PAM service provider interface (SPI). also included are procedures on how to effectively write PAM modules when using the SolarisTM 9 Operating Environment (Solaris 9 OE).
By writing these PAM service modules, it is possible to extend the capability of the Solaris 9 OE authentication mechanisms in a number of different ways. The PAM interface in the Solaris 9 OE provides a set of APIs that can subsist used by third-party applications to extend authentication capabilities. By using the PAM layer, applications authenticate to the system without worrying about what authentication fashion has been chosen by the system administrator for any given client. For example, it is possible for a system administrator to forestall users from choosing recent passwords that resemble their feeble password.
A PAM module is a shared expostulate that is developed and written using the C programming language. The module is dynamically selected based on the contents of the pam.conf(4) configuration file. This is an extremely efficient mechanism that enables the selection of the most usurp authentication mechanism for a particular environment—without sacrificing functionality or the exigency to depend on third-party or unsupported software.
Developing a PAM module is not as difficult as you might think. The PAM API has a flush set of features, and is fairly intuitive to learn and use. Online documentation is also available (see http://docs.sun.com).
This article addresses the following topics:
As presented in portion I, PAM is composed of a number of components including:
PAM API (pam(3PAM)) used by applications to effect authentication and authentication token (password) changes.
PAM framework used to export the API.
PAM SPI (pam_sm(3PAM)) used by the PAM framework to muster on behalf of an API request.
PAM service modules (pam_*(5)) used to export the PAM SPI.
The PAM framework, includes the PAM library (libpam.so.1), which consists of an interface library and multiple authentication service modules that are the layer implementing the PAM API.
It is outside the scope of this article to detail every separate API and function. However, the most commonly used and well-known APIs are presented here. The PAM API can subsist grouped into five functional categories:
PAM framework functions
Account management functions
Session management function
Password management functions
These functions enable an application to invoke the PAM service modules and to communicate information to these modules. The functions are described in the following sections.PAM Framework Functions
These framework functions are PAM transaction routines for establishing and terminating a PAM session.
pam_start() duty takes, as arguments, the title of the application calling PAM, the title of the user to subsist authenticated, and the address of the callback conversation structure provided by the caller. It returns a ply for expend with subsequent calls to the PAM library.
pam_end() duty is called to terminate the authentication transaction identified by pamh and to free any storage region allocated by the authentication module. The argument, status, is passed to the cleanup() duty stored within the PAM handle, and is used to determine what module-specific state must subsist purged.
pam_get_item() and pam_set_item() functions are PAM routines that enable both applications and the PAM service modules to access and update common PAM information such as service name, user name, remote host name, remote user name, and so on, from the PAM handle.
TABLE 1 details the items that may subsist manipulated by these functions.TABLE 1 Setting PAM Items
DescriptionPAM_SERVICE Service (application) name PAM_USER User name PAM_RUSER Remote user name PAM_TTY TTY name PAM_RHOST Remote host name PAM_CONV pam_conv structure PAM_AUTHTOK Authenticated token PAM_OLDAUTHTOK Old authentication token PAM_REPOSITORY Specifies which repository is to subsist updated. PAM_USER_PROMPT Prompt the module should expend if asking for a username.
pam_getenv(), pam_getenvlist(), and pam_putenv() functions enable applications and PAM modules to set and retrieve environment variables that are to subsist used for the user session.
pam_strerror() duty returns a textual representation of a PAM error, much relish the strerror(3c)error.
These authentication functions are used to authenticate the user and the current process.
pam_authenticate() duty called to verify the identity of the current user.
pam_setcred() duty called to set the credentials of the current process associated with the authentication ply supplied.
Typically, this process is done after the user has been authenticated (after the pam_authenticate() duty succeeds).Account Management Function
This account management duty is used to validate the users account information. It typically includes checking for password and account expiration, valid login times, and etc.Session Management Functions
These session management functions are called on the initiation and termination of a login session.
The pam_unix_session module implements these calls to update the /var/adm/lastlog information. These functions can also advocate session auditing.Password Management Function
This password management duty is called to change the authentication token (password) associated with the user.
We create that Solaris 10 has been torn from its SPARC-only roots now runs very quickly and very easily on generic 32-bit x86 Intel- and 64-bit Advanced Micro Devices-based servers. It also has recent security features and supports a ambit of Linux applications. And it's free.
Sun is gunning for some of Linux's rising popularity in the enterprise with the newest release of its Unix derivative, Solaris. In this pellucid preference Test, they create that Solaris 10 has been torn from its SPARC-only roots now runs very quickly and very easily on generic 32-bit x86 Intel- and 64-bit Advanced Micro Devices-based servers. It also has recent security features and supports a ambit of Linux applications. And it's free.How they did it
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Solaris 10 has a variety of installation options, ranging from an everything-but-the-kitchen-sink option that includes OEM add-ons to a developers' option to a slim "networking" install. Most enterprise deployments would likely require a developer grouping for the initial installation because it contains necessary compilers, applications and progress tools.
We installed Solaris 10 on indecent 10 of the 32-bit and 64-bit servers in their labs with only very minor problems. These servers ranged from Sun's own AMD64-based V20z box to an HP-Compaq server with dual 733-MHz Pentium III processors. In their tests, the operating system chose the most usurp drivers for the components in these disparate servers with only minor exceptions.
Solaris 10 has a peer and feel that's similar to Solaris 9's. Both the Gnome-based Common progress Environment and Java Desktop System user interfaces are offered. The Sun Management Console - which can subsist invoked from either interface - controls users, groups, projects and system resources. However, this console doesn't advocate applications needed to manage indecent of the functionality of Solaris 10. For example, to elope encryption services or accumulate particular disk and file information, you must expend a command-line interface.
Commercial Linux distributors devour learned how to manage the myriad administrative options needed in a server operating system through GUI interfaces.
Solaris 10 supports directory services such as Network Information System + and those based on Lightweight Directory Access Protocol . Even though Sun also provides Samba, the open source Microsoft Windows connectivity method, it offers no official advocate for it and only scant documentation. indecent three services' implementations worked acceptably well.
Solaris 10 is as fleet as its Linux competition (see performance charts, below). The numbers posted by Solaris 10 and RedHat Enterprise Linux AS 4.0 in their succession of Web transactional tests, in which both were running Apache 2.0.3 on the identical Polywell 64-bit server,were very immediate across the board. They did find that Solaris had a tiny performance handicap when tested on Sun's own V20z box.
Solaris, since the release of Version 8, has supported role-based access controls via its Role Based Access Control (RBAC) mechanism. These Unix-based hierarchical roles - ranging from a lowly user or file to root-level rights that give a user or application plenary access to system resources - can subsist extended to users and application behavior.
RBAC provides a fashion of setting up how those roles interact with other system resources to forestall an application or users from reaching out to expend resources they are not entitled to use. This feature is similar to the security features of Red Hat's SELinux implementation (see Red Hat Enterprise Linux test ).
These RBAC role-based groupings can serve as the basis of a recent security feature within Solaris 10, referred to as containers. Containers are objects that comprise users, applications and processes logically grouped to create virtual workspaces; or in Solaris 10 terms, projects on the identical physical server. Projects map to the Linux Virtual Machines seen in SLES9. These virtual workspaces eschew the overhead of plenary server virtualization products, including VMWare GSX.
Containers boost overall system security because they isolate project instances from scrutiny by other processes, and add fault tolerance by isolating processes from each other so if one project fails, it doesn't bring down the ease of the system.
Solaris 10 provides a supple background for securely dividing system resources, providing performance guarantees and tracking usage for these containers. Creating basic containers and populating them with user applications and resources is simple. But some cases may require quite a bit of fine-tuning.
Once initial container characteristics are defined, they can subsist replicated to create multiple instances of relish containers. It's also possible to change the conduct of containers on the flee to tune and re-allocate resources. Tuning was tedious; and although they saw their results immediately, the procedure can subsist daunting.
To monitor the activity of the containers (as well as other system services and applications), Solaris 10 has a tool called Dynamic Tracing (DTrace). They create that the modules and device calls that registered with DTrace produced a stunningly long and particular list of information that they subsequently filtered to peer at specific calls, such as disk and reminiscence requests. The tool didn't appear to detract from performance, and the devil with DTrace is in its details - lots of it.
Sun recommends using Perl scripts to develop the accounting reports needed to hold track of containers, but we'd prefer to note a reporting module that plugs into the operating system that automatically tracks that information.
In terms of other security features, Sun has an automated patch management process that can update system software without attendance.
Overall, Solaris is a time-proven Unix platform, with a long legacy of stability and reliability. Solaris 10 has been tweaked for speed on generic PC-based hardware, and its recent container methods note pellucid attention to security details. The charge is certainly perquisite for the capital cost of the product - it's free. What's not free is the training needed to create many of the components of Solaris 10 sing.Learn more about this topic
Henderson is principal researcher for ExtremeLabs in Indianapolis. E-mail him.
Henderson is also a member of the Network World Lab Alliance, a cooperative of the premier reviewers in the network industry, each bringing to suffer years of practical undergo on every review. For more Lab Alliance information, including what it takes to become a member, Go to www.nwfusion.com/alliance.Join the Network World communities on Facebook and LinkedIn to remark on topics that are top of mind.
Bigger is not necessarily better, but it's nascence to peer relish Oracle will release a monster faultfinding Patch Update (CPU) every quarter. These security updates move databases, networking components, operating systems, applications server, Java, and ERP systems, leaving IT administrators to wrestle with the assignment of testing, verifying, and deploying several dozen patches in a timely manner.
The CPU is getting bigger -- the detached number of vulnerabilities patched in 2014 and 2015 was 128 and 161, respectively, compared to this year's detached of 228 vulnerabilities -- but most of the focus remains on the company's middleware products. Of the 253 security flaws fixed in the October faultfinding Patch Update (CPU), Oracle Database, MySQL, Java, Linux and virtualization products, and the Sun Systems suite accounted for only one-third of the patches. Oracle addressed 12 vulnerabilities in its core Oracle Database Server, 31 in the MySQL database, seven in Java SE, 13 in Oracle Linux and virtualization products, and 16 in the Sun Systems suite, which includes Solaris and Sparc Enterprise.
Several vulnerabilities are considered faultfinding and could subsist remotely exploited without requiring authentication.Database is principal again
The last several updates from Oracle addressed few database flaws, but this latest CPU showed the flagship product a microscopic bit of love. Oracle Database Server has nine recent security fixes, of which only one was rated faultfinding with a CVSS v3 groundwork score of 9.1. However, that vulnerability in OJVM (CVE 2016-5555), which affects Oracle Database Server 126.96.36.199 and 188.8.131.52, cannot subsist remotely exploited over a network without requiring user credentials. In contrast, the six-year-old vulnerability in the Application Express component (CVE-2010-5312) has a CVSS v3 score of 6.1 but can subsist exploited over the network without authentication.
An issue with the DBA-level privileged accounts (CVE 2016-3562) applies to client-only installations and doesn't exigency to devour Oracle Database Server installed.
Two vulnerabilities in Oracle Secure Backup may subsist remotely exploitable without authentication, but were rated 5.8 on the CVSS v3 scale, making them of medium severity. The last security flaw, in Oracle expansive Data Graph, is related to the Apache Commons Collections and is not remotely exploitable without authentication.
For Oracle MySQL, the most staid security flaws are in the Server:Security:Encryption component (CVE-2016-6304) and in the Python Connector (CVE-2016-5598) because they may subsist remotely exploited without authentication. Even so, Oracle did not account these issues critical, assigning them CVSS v3 scores of 7.5 and 5.6, respectively. There were three fixes for the Encryption component and six for InnoDB.
Databases are typically not exposed to the internet, but administrators should objective on patching the vulnerabilities in MySQL Connector and Application Express as they are remotely exploitable and attackers can expend them after compromising another system on the network.Keep that Java patched
Administrators who advocate Java applications should pay immediate attention to the Java patches, as Oracle released seven principal security updates that move every version of Java Platforms 6, 7, and 8, and eight faultfinding security updates for Oracle's Java-powered WebLogic and GlassFish application platforms. Nearly indecent of the disclosed vulnerabilities are remotely exploitable without authentication, signification any application running on the current or earlier versions of these Java products could subsist susceptible to remote attacks and exploitation.
Two of the Java Platform vulnerabilities move the Java Management Extensions (JMXs) and Networking APIs built into the Java Platform. faultfinding Java applications are likely operating with these flawed APIs and should subsist prioritized for patching as quickly as possible.
"These two APIs are present and loaded in indecent but the most picayune Java applications," said Waratek CTO John Matthew Holt.
The CVSS scores for the Java security flaws assume that the user running the Java applet or Java Web Start application has administrator privileges. This is a common user scenario in Windows, which is why the scores are so high. In environments where users accomplish not devour administrator privileges -- a typical situation for Solaris and Linux users, and also for some Windows users -- the impact scores drop significantly. A CVSS v3 groundwork score of 9.6 for a Java SE flaw drops to 7.1 in those deployments, Oracle said in the advisory.
Java on Windows machines should devour priority. This advisory also shows why it pays off for Windows administrators to not give higher privileges by default to their users.
"Users should only expend the default Java Plug-in and Java Web Start from the latest JDK or JRE 8 releases," Oracle said.
Even though Oracle WebLogic Server and Oracle Glassfish Server are grouped into Oracle Fusion Middleware, Holt highlighted the five vulnerabilities in WebLogic and two in GlassFish that are remotely exploitable over HTTP and HTTPS protocols without authentication. A successful exploit against faultfinding business applications on Java-powered WebLogic and GlassFish applications could hijack the application stack and expose confidential application data.
Remote exploits over HTTP/HTTPS pose staid risks due to the "ubiquity of HTTP/HTTPS access to Java-powered applications," Holt warned.Fixes in for Oracle Linux and Sun Systems, too
Oracle also fixed 13 flaws in Oracle Virtualization, four of which are remotely exploitable without authentication. Eight flaws affected Oracle VM VirtualBox, and the most faultfinding one, affecting the VirtualBox Remote Desktop Extension (CVE-2016-5605), applies to every separate version of VirtualBox prior to 5.1.4.
Much relish the database issues, the flaw in VirtualBox's OpenSSL component (CVE-2016-6304) should subsist prioritized and patched immediately because attackers can expend this flaw as they scramble laterally through the network.
On the operating system, Oracle fixed 16 vulnerabilities in the Oracle Sun Systems Products Suite, which includes Solaris and the Sun ZFS Storage Appliance Kit. The CVSS v3 scores ambit from 2.8 to 8.2, but three issues that can subsist exploited over a network without requiring user credentials are indecent of low severity. Even so, administrators should pay attention to the fixes for ZFS Storage appliance's DNS, the IKE component in Solaris, and HTTP in Solaris because of the risk of a remote attack.Set the priority list
Organizations prioritize patches differently. One with a lot of Java users on Windows would bump up the patches' priority higher than one that's a pure-Linux shop. faultfinding business applications on WebLogic will exigency some attention, as will those organizations that expend VirtualBox throughout their virtualized infrastructure.
Researchers at ERPScan sorted the fixed vulnerabilities by their CVSS v3 scores and notable that the flaw in Oracle WebLogic Server (CVE-2016-5535), which affects versions 10.3.6.0, 184.108.40.206, 220.127.116.11 and 18.104.22.168, was third on the list. A successful bombard can result in a takeover of Oracle WebLogic Server. The vulnerability in JavaSE's Hotspot subcomponent (CVE-2016-5582) was fifth. While easily exploitable, a successful bombard using this vulnerability would require human interaction from a person other than the attacker.
Oracle didn't indicate whether any of these flaws devour been exploited in the wild, but warned against skipping the patches in favor of workarounds. While it's possible to reduce the risk of successful bombard by blocking network protocols or removing sure privileges or access to sure packages, they accomplish not reform the underlying problem.
"Due to the threat posed by a successful attack, Oracle strongly recommends that customers apply CPU fixes as soon as possible," the company wrote in the advisory accompanying the CPU release.
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