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201-450 exam Dumps Source : LPIC-2 Exam 201, participate 1 of 2, version 4.5

Test Code : 201-450
Test designation : LPIC-2 Exam 201, participate 1 of 2, version 4.5
Vendor designation : LPI
: 161 true Questions

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LPI LPIC-2 Exam 201, Part

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LPIC-2 ( examination codes 201-450 and 202-450 ) is the 2d certification in LPI’s multi-stage skilled certification program. The LPIC-2 will validate the candidate's talent to manage diminutive to medium–sized combined networks. The candidate necessity to acquire an energetic LPIC-1 certification to receive LPIC-2 certification, however the LPIC-1 and LPIC-2 checks may subsist taken in any order.

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LPIC-2: Linux professional Institute Certification resolve e-book: exam 201 and exam 202 | killexams.com true Questions and Pass4sure dumps

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LPIC-2 Exam 201, participate 1 of 2, version 4.5

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ARRL missive | killexams.com true questions and Pass4sure dumps

  • Your League: ARRL Reply Comments Cite "Fundamental Misunderstanding" of "Symbol Rate" Petition
  • Your League: ARRL-Sponsored Medium-Frequency Experiment Continues as Hams Hope for current Band
  • Your League: National Contest Journal (NCJ) Debuts current Website!
  • International: IARU Showcases professional Radio at ITU Telecom World 2013
  • International: Yasme Foundation Announces Supporting Grants
  • Radiosport: current ARRL Single-Operator Unlimited Contest Category Now in Effect
  • Ham Radio Business: Tokyo Hy-Power Files for Bankruptcy
  • Ham Radio Business: CQ to Realign Publications, Launch Digital Supplement
  • Ham Radio Business: InnovAntennas Acquires obligate 12
  • DX: ARRL DXCC Desk Approves ZD9KX Operations
  • Shortwave Listening: Voice of Russia to Continue Shortwave Broadcasting in 2014
  • Propagation: Solar Flux Record lofty Could Herald Better Conditions
  • ARRL Centennial: W100AW Hits the Airwaves!
  • ARRL Centennial: A Century of professional Radio and the ARRL
  • Milestones: Founder and President Emeritus of 4U1UN, Max de Henseler, HB9RS, SK
  • Milestones: QST Author, CW Key Maker Jerry Pittenger, K8RA, SK
  • Milestones: Austin professional Radio Supply Owner Johnny Paul, WA5BGO, SK
  • Solar Update
  • Getting It Right!
  • Just Ahead in Radiosport
  • Upcoming ARRL Section, status and Division Conventions and Events
  • Your League: ARRL Reply Comments Cite "Fundamental Misunderstanding" of "Symbol Rate" Petition

    In reply comments filed on its "symbol rate" Petition for Rule Making (RM-11708), the ARRL said comments opposed to its initiative reflect a "fundamental misunderstanding" of the petition's intent. The League's petition now tops the FCC's list of "Most energetic Proceedings." More than 800 comments were filed as of January 7, some of them posted after the December 23 cut-off date and most favoring the ARRL's proposal. The ARRL earlier filed comments with the FCC on its own Petition (plus Erratum). RM-11708 proposes to drop the attribute rate circumscribe in §97.307(f) of the FCC professional Service rules, substituting a maximum occupied bandwidth of 2.8 kHz for HF data emissions. The ARRL said those opposing the Petition achieve not, in general, challenge the removal of the attribute rate circumscribe for data emissions in troupe segments where RTTY and data emissions are now permitted.

    "Rather, they mind to view the proposal to establish a maximum occupied bandwidth of 2.8 kHz for data emissions in the medium-frequency (MF) and high-frequency (HF) bands where data emissions are permitted now as an enabling provision," the ARRL said. Instead, the League said, its Petition is intended to impose "a limitation on the maximum bandwidth of data emissions where not anything exists now." Given state-of-the-art data technologies, the League said, there is no necessary correlation between the attribute rate and the bandwidth of a data emission. The current attribute rate "acts only as a circumscribe on the efficiency of data emissions in the HF bands as a practical matter, and as an ersatz and whimsical filter on the types of emissions that can subsist utilized by radio amateurs."

    The ARRL said its suggested 2.8 kHz maximum bandwidth reflects a balanced approach that will permit gross currently used data emissions, encourage experimentation with data emissions that the current attribute rate restriction prohibits, and preclude the use of wider-bandwidth data emissions that could usurp the limited RTTY/data subbands. Petition opponents, the ARRL went on to say, "offer no evidence" that the rule changes it proposes will lead to a situation where data transmissions overwhelm the subband and preclude narrow bandwidth emission communications.

    "The Commission has properly chastised the professional Service for resisting deregulatory proposals that are designed to enable professional experimenters to refine and suitable technologies," the League said in its reply comments. "ARRL is of the view that outdated Commission regulations that needlessly preclude experimentation with data technologies should not subsist preserved. Outdated regulations are not a viable alternative to cooperative sharing arrangements in the HF bands through intentional troupe plans."

    Some of those opposing its petition, the ARRL went on to say, expressed the credence that the proposed rule change would impose wider-bandwidth data emissions in spectrum where narrow-bandwidth modes such as CW and PSK31 now operate, to the detriment of the narrow-bandwidth modes. Other opponents contended that the Petition will benefit a few operators at the expense of the many now operating narrowband data, RTTY, and CW on the HF bands.

    "It is illogical to squabble on the one hand that the Petition is intended to benefit 'the few' who are data emission experimenters and users, and on the other hand to call that the relief requested in the Petition would create a flood of 'wide-bandwidth' data emissions, swamping the troupe segments used for CW, RTTY, and narrow-bandwidth data emissions," the League pointed out. "If the concern is that the rule changes will encourage more radio amateurs to experiment with data emissions, that would subsist a positive outcome." The ARRL further asserted that the dread of interference from automatically controlled stations "is not a cogent one."

    Its Petition, the ARRL concluded, "is not a referendum on the value of MF or HF data emissions or data experimentation in those bands," but intended to encourage experimentation now restricted artificially by outdated rules. "It is instead a proposal to delete outdated limitations on professional Radio experimentation, which Commission policy supports, and which the basis and purpose of the professional Radio Service necessitates."

    Your League: ARRL-Sponsored Medium-Frequency Experiment Continues as Hams Hope for current Band

    The ARRL-sponsored medium-frequency experiment, operating as WD2XSH, continues apace in an effort to demonstrate the viability of 472 to 479 kHz as a secondary professional Radio allocation. At the same time, the FCC has been secretive regarding the ARRL's November 2012 Petition for Rule Making that asked the Commission to result this segment of the spectrum available to radio amateurs in the US. Delegates to the 2012 World Radiocommunication Conference approved a 7 kHz-wide secondary allocation between 472 and 479 kHz for the professional Radio Service, with a power circumscribe of 5 W EIRP (or 1 W EIRP, depending on location). The FCC has indicated that it will address the issue within the context of its Notice of Proposed Rule Making in ET Docket No 12-338, to formally reflect the Final Acts of WRC 2007 in its rules. In his quarterly WD2XSH update, Experiment Coordinator Fritz Raab, W1FR, reported that 514 contacts -- 10 in the final quarter -- acquire been logged among those taking participate in the experiment across the US.

    WD2XSH experiment participant Patrick Hamel, W5THT, in Mississippi, stands next to his antenna tuning unit. [Photo courtesy of Patrick Hamel, W5THT]

    "As usual, activity increased as conditions improved during the fall. Much of the recent activity has involved WSPR-15," Raab reported. "Reception over significant distances (eg, Europe, Alaska) has been reported. Much of the activity is being undertaken by a few current experimental licensees." Raab noted that WD2XSH participant Brian Justin, WA1ZMS, transmitted Fessenden commemorative broadcasts on AM via his own experimental license, WG2XFQ, during the December holidays.

    In the US, the 472-479 kHz troupe is participate of the larger 435-495 kHz segment that is allocated on a primary basis to the Maritime Mobile Service (federal and non-federal users), and on a secondary basis for federal government aeronautical radionavigation. The ARRL stated in its Petition that it is unaware of any domestic assignments that might affray with the allocation of 472 to 479 kHz to the professional Radio Service, and there is almost no power line carrier (PLC) operation in this troupe segment. The FCC in 2003 cited the potential for interference to utility-operated PLC systems when it turned down an ARRL petition seeking an LF "sliver band" at 135.7 to 137.8 kHz.

    The WD2XSH experiment involves more than three dozen stations and includes gross geographic areas of the US, including Alaska and Hawaii. Most of the stations are in the eastern half of the US. Raab has reported no interference issues during the WD2XSH experiment, begun in 2006 and initially using spectrum in the vicinity of 500 kHz. Read more.

    Your League: National Contest Journal (NCJ) Debuts current Website!

    National Contest Journal (NCJ), the ARRL publication devoted to professional Radio contesting, has a fresh, current presence on the web, although the URL remains the same.

    "The current site was designed with simplicity and ease of use in mind," said NCJ Editor Kirk Pickering, K4RO. "The site contains selected feature articles as well as a group of tools for setting up teams and submitting logs for NCJ-sponsored contests. It besides offers an archive of scores for gross NCJ going back to 2001. The site still has room to accommodate current features in the future, so sojourn tuned."

    Pickering said the current NCJ website was a collaborative effort, and he expressed his appreciation to Bruce Horn, WA7BNM, "for his indefatigable back of the NCJ website from its inception" as well as to George Fremin, K5TR, who has served as the systems administrator. Pickering besides thanked his ally Susie Coleman, who helped design the inspect and feel.

    "We hope that you will find the current site useful. Thanks to gross who acquire helped to result this happen," said Pickering, who invited comments on the current site and design.

    Published every other month, NCJ features general-interest and technical articles and columns by top contesters, operator profiles, editorial comments, and correspondence from readers, as well as scores for the North American QSO Party and North American Sprint, which NCJ sponsors.

    International: IARU Showcases professional Radio at ITU Telecom World 2013

    The International professional Radio Union (IARU) got some visibility for professional Radio at ITU Telecom World 2013, sponsored by the International Telecommunication Union. The event was held November 19-22 in Bangkok, Thailand. The IARU and IARU Region 3 leaders arranged the panoply in cooperation with the ITU. A large, flat-screen TV in the booth displayed videos of professional Radio activities. Special event station HS2013ITU was on the air from the site. IARU President Tim Ellam, VE6SH, spoke at one of the forums. A highlight of the prove for the IARU contingent was a visit by ITU Secretary generic Dr Hamadoun Toure, HB9EHT. He took a swirl at the operating position of HS2013ITU while there.

    ITU Secretary generic Hamadoun Toure, HB9EHT, takes up the operating position of HS2013ITU, as IARU Region 3 Chairman Gopal Madhavan, VU2GMN (left), and Sakol Nakin, HS1JNB, inspect on. [Tony Waltham, HS0ZDX, photo]

    "We had a number of high-profile visitors to the booth, including ministers of communications and government regulators from various countries," said IARU Region 3 Director Peter Lake, ZL2AZ, and Region 3 Chairman Gopal Madhavan, VU2GMN, in a report. "They were keen to dispute the situation in their respective countries and the association with IARU and to learn about professional Radio and its capabilities. Telecom World 2013 gave the IARU a unique chance to showcase professional Radio at the highest level."

    ITU Telecom World 2013 besides offered an chance for the IARU representatives to influence leaders who can favorably impact radio regulations and national attitudes toward professional Radio. "The presence of IARU, and its effort to showcase professional Radio and its capabilities, was well appreciated by gross who visited the booth, and the effort was well worthwhile," said the IARU's report. "We besides laid a foundation under the current ITU Telecom World structure to gain some similar space at the next event in 2014 in Qatar." Read more.

    International: Yasme Foundation Announces Supporting Grants

    To further the evolution of professional Radio around the world, The Yasme Foundation has announced the recipients of four supporting grants:

  • WRTC-2014, to wait on defray the expenses of the World Radiosport Team Championship in current England this July.

  • The reverse Beacon Network (RBN), to purchase a receiver and necessary accessories to upgrade the RBN node in Bangalore, India.

  • CWOps CW Academy, to wait on defray the expenses of providing online CW training courses.

  • The ARRL Second Century Fund, to back the goal of the ARRL Second Century crusade of opening a path to passionate involvement in professional Radio by current generations, providing opportunities for educational enrichment, community service, and personal achievement through the exploration and use of radio communication.

  • The Yasme Foundation is a not-for-profit corporation organized to conduct scientific and educational projects related to professional Radio, including DXing and the introduction and promotion of professional Radio in developing countries. The Foundation supports individuals and organizations providing or creating useful services for the professional Radio community, regardless of originality or novelty, to further the evolution of professional Radio around the world.

    Radiosport: current ARRL Single-Operator Unlimited Contest Category Now in Effect

    Responding to many requests, the ARRL Programs and Services Committee in 2013 accepted the Contest Advisory Committee (CAC) recommendation to add the Single-Operator Unlimited category to the ARRL 10 Meter Contest, ARRL 160 Meter Contest, RTTY Roundup, and the IARU HF Championship. "This particular issue has been a long time coming," said CAC Chairman Al Dewey, K0AD.

    The current category permits the use of spotting information within the Single-Operator class. In the past, using spotting information placed a station in the Multioperator category. Per the revised rules, "Single-Operator Unlimited: The use of spotting assistance or automated, multi-channel decoders is permitted."

    Ham Radio Business: Tokyo Hy-Power Files for Bankruptcy

    Tokyo Hy-Power, a manufacturer of professional Radio amplifiers, antenna tuners, and other equipment, is in bankruptcy, and its plant, in Saitama Prefecture near Tokyo, has been shuttered. Telephones at the company no longer are being answered, and its Japanese website has been taken down, although the company's US website remains working. Company CEO/President Nobuki Wakabayashi, JA1DJW, founded Tokyo Hy-Power Labs in 1975. He blamed "the recent depression in the industrial RF power products area [which] has led to the very difficult financial position."

    The Tokyo Hy-Power factory in Saitama, Japan. [Tokyo Hy-Power photo]

    Tokyo Hy-Power's early products were HF antenna couplers, although within a brace of years it began manufacturing amplifiers for the professional Radio market, including solid-state mobile amplifiers. Among its early products was the HL-4000 linear amplifier, which the company claimed was "the first true HF troupe high-power linear of its benign in Japan." It has been manufacturing RF products for the industrial market since 1984.

    The company besides once marketed the HT-750, a portable, low-power SSB/CW transceiver for 40, 15, and 6 meters in a hand-held transceiver figure factor. At Dayton Hamvention® 2013, the company displayed a prototype of the XT-751, an advanced model it hoped to develop, covering 40 through 6 meters and with an internal antenna tuner. Among its latest products were solid-state HF amplifiers, as well as amplifiers for 6 and 2 meters.

    In a December 26 tidings release, Ham Radio Outlet (HRO) reacted with "disappointment" and said it was "deeply saddened" to learn that Tokyo Hy-Power had gone into bankruptcy.

    "This action in Japan appears to subsist similar to a Chapter 7 action here within the United States, as the process in this case appears to subsist the liquidation of organizational assets in order to attempt to fund some portion of its debt obligation(s)," the HRO release said. "This appears to bespeak that a court has deemed the organization unable to subsist effectively reorganized under Japan's Civil Reconstruction Code."

    HRO said it was working with AVSL, the current US service provider for Tokyo Hy-Power products "to dispute the chance of continued maintenance at the component smooth of the US-sold Tokyo Hy-Power line of amplifiers." Read more.

    Ham Radio Business: CQ to Realign Publications, Launch Digital Supplement

    CQ Communications Inc has announced plans to realign its publications lineup and to launch a current online supplement to its flagship magazine, CQ professional Radio.

    "The hobby radio market is changing," said CQ Communications President and Publisher Dick Ross, K2MGA, "and they are changing what they achieve and how they achieve it in order to continue providing leadership to gross segments of the radio hobby."

    Effective with the February 2014 issue of CQ, said Ross, content from the magazine's three sister publications -- favorite Communications, CQ VHF and WorldRadio Online -- will subsist incorporated into CQ's digital edition as a supplement to subsist called CQ Plus. The print editions of favorite Communications and CQ VHF will subsist phased out, and WorldRadio Online will no longer exist as a part online publication. Current favorite Communications, CQ VHF and WorldRadio Online subscribers will subsist converted to CQ subscribers and receive CQ Plus at no additional charge. Details will subsist posted on each magazine's website.

    CQ Communications says the change will offer hobby radio enthusiasts a solitary source for articles from shortwave listening and scanner monitoring to personal two-way services and Internet radio, as well as professional Radio. Richard Fisher, KI6SN, currently editor of both favorite Communications and WorldRadio Online, will subsist editor of CQ Plus. Read more.

    Ham Radio Business: InnovAntennas Acquires obligate 12

    InnovAntennas has acquired the legendary obligate 12 antenna company and product line and has moved the obligate 12 factory from Bridgeport, Texas, to stately Junction, Colorado, into a facility shared with InnovAntennas America. InnovAntennas Ltd in England is now manufacturing obligate 12 products for the European market at its Canvey Island plant.

    The stately Junction facility is up and running, manufacturing and shipping antennas. InnovAntennas says it plans to bear updated versions of classic obligate 12 antennas as well as all-new models. InnovAntennas Founder Justin Johnson, G0KSC, was at the Colorado facility in late 2013 to assist in setting up and laying out the factory, and the company was expected to subsist at replete production this month. -- Thanks to The ARRL Contest Update

    DX: ARRL DXCC Desk Approves ZD9KX Operations

    The ARRL DXCC Desk has approved the 2012 and 2013 operation of ZD9KX -- Tristan Da Cunha & Gough Islands for DX Century Club credit. If a request for DXCC credit for this operation has been rejected in a prior application, contact ARRL Awards branch Manager Bill Moore, NC1L, to subsist placed on the list for an update to your record. tickle note the submission date and/or reference number of your application in order to expedite the search for any rejected contacts.

    DXCC is professional Radio's premier award that hams can win by confirming on-the-air contacts with 100 DXCC "entities," most of which are countries in the traditional sense. You can commence with the basic DXCC award and travail your route up to the DXCC homage Roll. Learn more. -- ARRL Awards branch Manager Bill Moore, NC1L

    Shortwave Listening: Voice of Russia to Continue Shortwave Broadcasting in 2014

    To paraphrase label Twain, reports of the demise of the Voice of Russia (VOR) may acquire been greatly exaggerated. Earlier this year the Voice of Russia -- the former Radio Moscow during the Soviet Era -- appeared poised to cease shortwave broadcasts as of January 1, 2014. In the wake of a December decree signed by Russian President Vladimir Putin that merged the Voice of Russia with several other state-run tidings agencies, SWL Tom Witherspoon, K4SWL, contacted VOR.

    "We are joyous to let you know that the Voice of Russia will sojourn on the air in 2014, however, considerable changes in their frequency schedule are expected," the broadcaster told Witherspoon and as he reports on his blog.

    The posted VOR schedule, which runs through March, indicates 38 aggregate hours of shortwave broadcasts to gross parts of the world, most beamed at the Middle East and Asia. Shortwave broadcasts to Europe, Latin America, Oceania, and Africa account for just 15 aggregate hours. VOR, which claims to subsist the first radio station to broadcast internationally, besides broadcasts online, via satellite, on FM, and via three medium-wave transmitters. In 2003 VOR was among the first major international radio broadcasters to launch daily broadcasts to Europe in Digital Radio Mondiale (DRM).

    Propagation: Solar Flux Record lofty Could Herald Better Conditions

    The 10.7 centimeter solar flux index (SFI) jumped to a Cycle 24 record of 262 on January 4, suggesting that Cycle 24 has not yet begun drawing to a near and may subsist approaching or at a "second peak." The previous peak for the current cycle was 190 on September 24, 2011. As NASA's Marshall Space Flight headquarters (MSFC) explains, the flux of the sun's radio emissions at 10.7 centimeter (2.8 GHz) is another indicator of solar activity levels, since it tends to follow changes in the solar ultraviolet that influence Earth's upper atmosphere and ionosphere.

    "Many models of the upper atmosphere use the 10.7 centimeter flux (F10.7) as input to determine atmospheric densities and satellite drag," NASA/MSFC noted, adding that SFI "has been shown to follow the sunspot number quite closely." The January 6 sunspot count was 225. The Cycle 24 sunspot count peaked at 282 on November 17, 2013, according to WM7D.net.

    Solar flux between 1995 and (predicted) 2020. [NASA/MSFC graphic]

    Canada's Dominion Radio Astrophysical Observatory (DRAO) indicated an "official" flux of 262 at 2000 UTC on Saturday, January 3. The official figure for Sunday, January 5, was 217.5. ARRL solar observer Tad Cook, K7RA, who reports 10.7 centimeter flux numbers in his weekly "Solar Update" bulletins, suggests that they are not as valuable as sunspot numbers in predicting radio propagation. The solar flux was over the January 4-5 weekend was far higher what was anticipated, judging by predictions Cook reported in his January 3 "Solar Update" for this past weekend and the week ahead. NASA/MFSC indicates a 95 percent predicted flux for the month of January at 146.5, continuing at about the same smooth through the first half of the year.

    The Daily DX said the SFI was expected to remain above 200 for this week. As Ian Poole, G3YWX, explained solar flux in his article, "Understanding Solar Indices" in the September 2002 edition of QST, "[H]igh values generally bespeak there is sufficient ionization to back long-distance communication at higher-than-normal frequencies." He pointed out, though, that it can engage a few days of lofty values for conditions to prove improvement. "Typically values in excess of 200 will subsist measured during the peak of a sunspot cycle, with lofty values of up to 300 being experienced for shorter periods," Poole wrote. Read more.

    ARRL Centennial: W100AW Hits the Airwaves!

    At the stroke of midnight Eastern Time on January 1, Hiram Percy Maxim Memorial station W1AW at ARRL Headquarters in Newington took to the air to debut its special ARRL Centennial convoke sign, W100AW. ARRL Chief Executive Officer Dave Sumner, K1ZZ and Membership and Volunteer Programs Manager Dave Patton, NN1N, and ARRL Station Manager Joe Carcia, NJ1Q, were at the helm into the wee hours of current Year's Day.

    ARRL Station Manager Joe Carcia, NJ1Q, makes the very first W100AW QSO just after midnight local time on January 1, 2014. [Sean Kutzko, KX9X, photo]

    Daylight hours saw ARRL Chief Operating Officer Harold Kramer, WJ1B; Membership and Volunteer Programs aide Manager Norm Fusaro, W3IZ; Public Relations Manager Sean Kutzko; KX9X and QST Editor in Chief Steve Ford, WB8IMY, taking their turns at the operating positions. By mid-afternoon, several thousand contacts were in the log on SSB, CW and RTTY.

    "This is just the beginning," said Kutzko. "Hams will hear W100AW throughout 2014 on every mode possible. When you hear us, spot us on the cluster!"

    Not surprising, 20 meter SSB yielded the most contacts -- 1121 of the 3700 logged -- during the 19 hours of current Year's Day operation from W100AW. Ten meter phone was in second plot with 639 contacts.

    W100AW contacts will subsist uploaded to Logbook of The World (LoTW). QSL cards sent by mail will subsist acknowledged as well.

    W1AW Portable Operations, ARRL Centennial QSO Party

    The ARRL Centennial "W1AW WAS" operations are taking plot throughout 2014 from each of the 50 states, relocating each Wednesday (UTC) to a current pair of states (this week, South Carolina and Utah. Listen for W1AW/4 and W1AW/7). During 2014 W1AW will subsist on the air from every status at least twice and from most US territories, and it will subsist smooth to travail gross states solely by contacting W1AW portable operations.

    In conjunction with the 100th anniversary of the ARRL, the ARRL Centennial QSO Party besides kicked off January 1 for a year-long operating event in which participants can accumulate points and win awards. The event is open to all, although only ARRL members and appointees, elected officials, HQ staff and W1AW are worth ARRL Centennial QSO Party points. Working W1AW/x from each status is worth 5 points per contact.

    To win the "Worked gross States with W1AW Award," travail W1AW operating portable from gross 50 states. (Working W1AW or W100AW in Connecticut does not count for Connecticut, however. For award credit, participants must travail W1AW/1 in Connecticut.) A W1AW WAS certificate and plaque will subsist available (pricing not yet available).

    Some Statistics

    As of today (January 9), more than 6700 stations acquire earned points in the Centennial QSO Party by uploading qualifying QSOs to Logbook of The World (LoTW). Operating from North Carolina and West Virginia during the first week of the W1AW portable operations, W1AW/4 and W1AW/8 logged approximately 33,000 contacts.

    "The second week is off to a roaring start from South Carolina and Utah," reported ARRL Membership and Volunteer Programs Manager Dave Patton, NN1N.

    ARRL Centennial: A Century of professional Radio and the ARRL

    Editor's note: "A Century of professional Radio and the ARRL" will subsist a weekly feature as the ARRL celebrates its Centennial in 2014.

    In professional Radio, as in gross fields, 100 years has brought about unbelievable progress and changes. During 2014, they will give you a sense of the ARRL's and professional Radio's history by looking through the issues of QST from its humble genesis to the present. We'll examine the well-known topics and events of interest to amateurs, such as technology, operating tips and events, ARRL's doings, and FCC actions. Because of the limited space available here, the comments will subsist brief, but they will provide citations to original QST articles for your further reading.

    The next century will bring about changes that will subsist mind-boggling to us, because technology advances at an exponential rate. Being awake of the past 100 years of ham-related events is valuable to us for historical reasons, and it besides makes us account what might lie ahead. Next time: A inspect at the earliest years of professional Radio and the ARRL. -- Al Brogdon, W1AB

    Milestones: Founder and President Emeritus of 4U1UN, Max de Henseler, HB9RS, SK

    Max de Henseler, HB9RS. [Clin d'Ailes Swiss Air obligate Museum, HB4FR, photo]

    Max de Henseler, HB9RS, the founder and president emeritus of 4U1UN at United Nations headquarters in current York, died December 30. He was 80. A ham since 1955, de Henseler had been a short-wave listener since the late 1940s. In 1976, while in current York as the UN's chief cartographer, de Henseler reactivated the United Nations Radio Club station K2UN at its current home in midtown Manhattan. As Jack Troster, W6ISQ, explained in the July 1989 issue of QST, "Through his efforts, the Secretary generic approved the operation of a specifically designated UN professional station using the convoke 4U1UN in early 1978."

    De Henseler introduced the current convoke note on February 4, 1978, during the first weekend of the then two-weekend ARRL International DX phone contest, surprising many contesters. 4U1UN was approved for DXCC credit, due to the efforts of "Mister UN Radio."

    The 4U1UN United Nations Headquarters Station was dismantled in 2010 due to the extensive renovation project on the Secretariat Building. Read more. -- Thanks to The Daily DX

    Milestones: QST Author, CW Key Maker Jerry Pittenger, K8RA, SK

    QST author and CW key crafter Jerry Pittenger, K8RA, of Powell, Ohio, died January 2 of pancreatic cancer. He was 66. Licensed in 1960, Pittenger was a retired systems engineer. He earned a bachelor's degree at Miami University and an MS in systems engineering from Ohio State.

    Jerry Pittenger, K8RA, at Dayton Hamvention 2013. [Joe Eisenberg, K0NEB, photo]

    Pittenger enjoyed pile his own equipment, and some of his amplifier projects were featured in QST, The ARRL Handbook, and RF Amplifier Classics. More recently he manufactured a line of solid-brass iambic and single-lever CW keys sold worldwide, until illness forced him to quit.

    "Making my CW keys fills much of my time, but it is a labor of love," Pittenger said in his online profile. "I can pick up lost in time machining metals and making things in the shop for the radio." His friends Mike Freeman, NT8O, and Fred Freeman, N8BX, acquire taken over the production of the K8RA line. Read more.

    Milestones: Austin professional Radio Supply Owner Johnny Paul, WA5BGO, SK

    The owner of Austin professional Radio Supply, John E. "Johnny" Paul, WA5BGO, of Austin, Texas, died December 10. He was 74. Paul was the proprietor of Austin professional Radio for 45 years. First licensed in 1960, Paul was a past president of the Austin professional Radio Club and was an avid photographer of nature and landscapes. Services were December 16.

    Solar Update

    Tad Cook, K7RA, in Seattle, reports: A mammoth storm is brewing! At 2324 UTC on January 8 the Australian Space Forecast Centre issued this geomagnetic disturbance warning: "Increased geomagnetic activity expected due to coronal mass ejection from 09-10 January 2014."

    NOAA forecasters appraise a 90 percent random of geomagnetic storms on January 9. The predicted planetary A indices for January 9 through January 13 are 73, 41, 15, 8 and 5. While an emblematic number for hams, 73 is a huge value for the planetary A index. One has to inspect way, route back to find a value fancy this. The planetary A index was 67 on both March 9, 2012, and September 26, 2011, but nothing exceeds what is predicted for January 9 except the planetary A index of 104 on December 15, 2006, and 105 on September 11, 2005.

    This has been an exciting week for sun watchers. The daily sunspot number reached 245 on January 6, and solar flux was 237.1 on January 8. The GOES-15 X-ray background flux has besides been high, and that may subsist more significant for enhanced HF propagation than a lofty solar flux. NOAA's Space Weather Prediction headquarters maintains an archive of X-ray flux, solar flux, and sunspot numbers (check the links marked "DSD.txt." The links marked "DGD.txt" will give you daily geomagnetic indicators).

    Over the past week, medium daily sunspot numbers rose more than 80 points to 188.1, and medium daily solar flux was up by more than 62 points to 201.6. Predicted solar flux for the near term is 195 on January 9-12, 190 on January 13, 160 on January 14, 155 on January 15-16, and 150 on January 17-19. It then rises to a peak of 190 on January 29 through February 3.

    Predicted planetary A index values are 73, 41, 15 and 8 on January 9-12, 5 on January 13-22, 10 on January 23, 8 on January 24, 5 on January 25-27, then 10, 18 and 8 on January 28-30, then 5 again until February 6.

    For the Friday, January 10, "Solar Update," inspect for an update on the latest disturbance and forecast, as well as reports from readers. I welcome your reports and observations via e-mail.

    Getting It Right!

    In The ARRL Letter, December 19, 2013, they inadvertently omitted 20 meters from the list of bands available for the ARRL Centennial QSO Party.

    Just Ahead in Radiosport

  • Jan 10 -- QRP Fox Hunt

  • Jan 10 -- NCCC Sprint Ladder

  • Jan 11 -- primitive current Year Contest

  • Jan 11-12 -- UK DX BPSK63 Contest

  • Jan 11-12 -- MI QRP January CW Contest

  • Jan 11-12 -- SKCC Weekend Sprintathon

  • Jan 11-12 -- North American QSO Party, CW

  • Jan 12 -- NRAU-Baltic Contest, CW (0630-0830 UTC)

  • Jan 12 -- NRAU-Baltic Contest, SSB (0900-1100 UTC)

  • Jan 12 -- DARC 10-Meter Contest

  • Jan 12 -- Midwinter Contest

  • Jan 15 -- QRP Fox Hunt

  • Upcoming ARRL Section, status and Division Conventions and Events

  • January 17-18 -- North Texas Section Convention, Fort Worth, Texas

  • January 19-26 -- Quartzfest Convention, Quartzsite, Arizona

  • January 24-25 -- Mississippi status Convention, Jackson, Mississippi

  • January 25 -- Georgia ARES Convention, Forsyth, Georgia

  • January 25-26 -- Puerto Rico status Convention, Hatillo, Puerto Rico

  • January 31-February 1 -- Southern Florida Section Convention, Miami, Florida

  • February 1 -- Virginia status Convention (Frostfest), Richmond, Virginia

  • February 1 -- South Carolina status Convention, North Charleston, South Carolina

  • February 7-9 -- Northern Florida Section Convention (Orlando HamCation® -- Regional ARRL Centennial Event), Orlando, Florida

  • February 14-15 -- Arizona Section Convention, Yuma, Arizona

  • February 22 -- Vermont status Convention, South Burlington, Vermont

  • March 1-2 -- Alabama Section Convention (BirmingHAMfest 2014), Birmingham, Alabama

  • March 7-8 -- North Carolina Section Convention (Charlotte Hamfest), Concord, North Carolina

  • March 7-8 -- West Gulf Division Convention, Claremore, Oklahoma

  • March 14-15 -- Delta Division Convention, Rayne, Louisiana

  • March 15 -- Nebraska status Convention, Lincoln, Nebraska

  • March 15 -- West Texas Section Convention, Midland, Texas

  • March 22 -- South Texas Section Convention (Greater Houston Hamfest), Rosenberg, Texas

  • March 22-23 -- Communications Academy, Seattle, Washington

  • April 19 -- Roanoke Division Convention, Raleigh, North Carolina

  • April 25-27 -- Idaho status Convention, Boise, Idaho

  • April 26 -- Aurora '14 Conference, White tolerate Lake, Minnesota

  • Find conventions and hamfests in your area.

    ARRL -- Your One-Stop Resource for professional Radio tidings and Information

    Join or Renew Today! ARRL membership includes QST, professional Radio's most favorite and informative journal, delivered to your mailbox each month.

    Listen to ARRL Audio News, available every Friday.

    Subscribe to...

    NCJ -- National Contest Journal. Published bi-monthly, features articles by top contesters, letters, hints, statistics, scores, NA Sprint and QSO Parties.

    QEX -- A Forum for Communications Experimenters. Published bi-monthly, features technical articles, construction projects, columns and other items of interest to radio amateurs and communications professionals.

    Free of saturate to ARRL members: Subscribe to the ARES E-Letter (monthly public service and emergency communications news), the ARRL Contest Update (bi-weekly contest newsletter), Division and Section tidings alerts -- and much more!

    Find us on Facebook. follow us on Twitter.

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    Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) | killexams.com true questions and Pass4sure dumps

    Family Policy Compliance Office (FPCO) Home

    The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) (20 U.S.C. § 1232g; 34 CFR participate 99) is a Federal law that protects the privacy of student education records. The law applies to gross schools that receive funds under an applicable program of the U.S. Department of Education.

    FERPA gives parents inescapable rights with respect to their children's education records. These rights transfer to the student when he or she reaches the age of 18 or attends a school beyond the lofty school level. Students to whom the rights acquire transferred are "eligible students."

  • Parents or eligible students acquire the right to inspect and review the student's education records maintained by the school. Schools are not required to provide copies of records unless, for reasons such as remarkable distance, it is impossible for parents or eligible students to review the records. Schools may saturate a fee for copies.

  • Parents or eligible students acquire the right to request that a school revise records which they believe to subsist inaccurate or misleading. If the school decides not to amend the record, the parent or eligible student then has the right to a formal hearing. After the hearing, if the school still decides not to amend the record, the parent or eligible student has the right to plot a statement with the record setting forth his or her view about the contested information.

  • Generally, schools must acquire written consent from the parent or eligible student in order to release any information from a student's education record. However, FERPA allows schools to disclose those records, without consent, to the following parties or under the following conditions (34 CFR § 99.31):

  • School officials with legitimate educational interest;
  • Other schools to which a student is transferring;
  • Specified officials for audit or evaluation purposes;
  • Appropriate parties in connection with financial aid to a student;
  • Organizations conducting inescapable studies for or on behalf of the school;
  • Accrediting organizations;
  • To comply with a judicial order or lawfully issued subpoena;
  • Appropriate officials in cases of health and safety emergencies; and
  • State and local authorities, within a juvenile justice system, pursuant to specific status law.
  • Schools may disclose, without consent, "directory" information such as a student's name, address, telephone number, date and plot of birth, honors and awards, and dates of attendance. However, schools must divulge parents and eligible students about directory information and allow parents and eligible students a reasonable amount of time to request that the school not disclose directory information about them. Schools must notify parents and eligible students annually of their rights under FERPA. The actual means of notification (special letter, inclusion in a PTA bulletin, student handbook, or newspaper article) is left to the discretion of each school.

    For additional information, you may convoke 1-800-USA-LEARN (1-800-872-5327) (voice). Individuals who use TDD may use the Federal Relay Service.

    Or you may contact us at the following address:

    Family Policy Compliance OfficeU.S. Department of Education400 Maryland Avenue, SWWashington, D.C. 20202-8520


    Evaluation and Referral for Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip in Infants | killexams.com true questions and Pass4sure dumps

    Evaluation and Referral for Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip in Infants | From the American Academy of Pediatrics | Pediatrics

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    ECCouncil [21 Certification Exam(s) ]
    ECDL [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    Polycom [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    PostgreSQL-CE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    Riverbed [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    See-Beyond [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Siemens [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    Sybase [17 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Symantec [134 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Teacher-Certification [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    The-Open-Group [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
    TIA [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Tibco [18 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Trainers [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Trend [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    TruSecure [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    USMLE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    VCE [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Veeam [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Veritas [33 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Vmware [58 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Wonderlic [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Worldatwork [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    XML-Master [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Zend [6 Certification Exam(s) ]





    References :












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