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050-695 exam Dumps Source : Novell eDirectory Design and Implementation :eDirectory 8.8

Test Code : 050-695
Test title : Novell eDirectory Design and Implementation :eDirectory 8.8
Vendor title : Novell
: 70 actual Questions

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Novell Novell eDirectory Design and

CNA glance at book: Novell eDirectory | killexams.com actual Questions and Pass4sure dumps

David Clarke covers eDirectory checking out ambitions for Novell path 3001: Foundations of Novell Networking.

This chapter is from the reserve 

This chapter covers privilege here checking out pursuits for Novell route 3001: Foundations of Novell Networking:

  • identify fundamental listing provider initiatives.

  • identify commonplace listing service uses.

  • Describe how a directory is structured.

  • identify the function and merits of eDirectory.

  • determine how eDirectory 8.6 works.

  • determine and recount the composition of eDirectory.

  • determine and recount eDirectory kick classes.

  • establish the run and design of the eDirectory tree.

  • NetWare 6 introduces eDirectory 8.6, the gold criterion edition to this point of Novell's world-category directory carrier.

    eDirectory is the world's main listing service. It provides a unifying, move-platform infrastructure for managing, securing, getting access to, and developing every fundamental add-ons of your community. eDirectory scales to the biggest community environments, including the information superhighway. since it is in keeping with the X.500 ordinary, eDirectory helps lightweight listing access Protocol (LDAP), Hypertext transfer Protocol (HTTP), and the Java programming ambiance.

    eDirectory can hold and manipulate hundreds of thousands of objects in a seamless ballet of communications. It also provides the basis network provider for every NetWare servers and community substances. definitely, after community communications, it is the most basic community service offered by NetWare 6.

    With every this in mind, i'm confident you would disagree that eDirectory management is one in every of your key tasks as a Novell CNA (licensed community Administrator). during this chapter, you will explore four vital instructions related to eDirectory management:

  • Introduction to listing capabilities—you're going to open with a short introduction to the fundamentals of directory features, together with some commonplace uses and the route a listing is structured.

  • understanding eDirectory eight.6—you then'll explore the architecture of Novell eDirectory version eight.6 and evaluate it to its predecessor, Novell directory functions (NDS).

  • the usage of eDirectory Objects—you're going to dig into the fundamentals at the back of eDirectory's three forms of objects: the Tree object, container objects, and leaf objects.

  • implementing eDirectory 8.6 Naming—ultimately, you will find out about naming conventions utilized in eDirectory, including naming context rules and inheritance.

  • As that you can see, there's a all lot to learn in this chapter and when or not it's every achieved, you're going to subsist an completed eDirectory administrator. So, let's gain every started!

    check aims lined:

  • establish simple listing service projects.

  • establish accustomed directory carrier uses.

  • Describe how a directory is structured.

  • establish the role and benefits of eDirectory.

  • The directory carrier is one of the most simple community functions supplied by route of every NetWare 6 servers. truly, it represents the communications hub for administrative connectivity between every servers in a tall NetWare 6 community. As such, directory carrier management is one among your key responsibilities as the community administrator.

    As its title implies, the directory carrier gives access to a database, known as eDirectory, that incorporates every components for the total community. This object-oriented database is organized into a hierarchical constitution called the tree. eDirectory offers the simple basis for the directory provider, together with capabilities for replication and distribution. listing is capitalized in this case to differentiate it from the listing (or folder) within the file equipment. actually, these two "directories" define the two requisite roles of a NetWare 6 CNA: File gadget Administrator (directories and info) and eDirectory Administrator (The directory).

    The directory provider is your friend. it may possibly glance a bit intimidating at the start, however in the event you gain to grasp the directory service (and eDirectory, for that rely), it subsist basically fun. in fact.

    How listing features Work

    A directory carrier classifies every community resources privilege into a finite variety of objects. These objects will also subsist organized with the aid of function, region, measurement, category, or colour—it would not remember. The factor is, a directory provider organizes network supplies independently from their actual locations. as an example, servers are equipped in response to function. Then users are positioned in the applicable containers to simplify connectivity. This raises productivity as a result of clients are near the resources they need. When a user logs in to the community, the user can access any kick in the Tree, inspite of its location. This gives a slick skill for managing now not only users, but additionally every their hardware and purposes. Of direction, within the eDirectory tree (as in life), it's foremost to vicinity consumer objects and their resources (Printers, Servers, and Volumes) in near proximity to each different.

    A directory provider performs a brace of basic projects, including the following:

  • Connecting disparate programs—A listing carrier integrates and organizes heterogeneous methods to allow them to share common administration. In cutting-edge industry world, such programs are required now not only to communicate with each different, however also to share guidance and exercise criterion services to fulfill the ambitions of the organization.

  • enjoyable the needs of the consumer, corporation, and business—The community should subsist elastic satisfactory to give a set of exciting features in keeping with individual wants.

  • Emulating every company relationships—The network requisite to subsist capable of making inevitable that relied on relationships are built and maintained between people, enterprise, the enterprise's intranet, and the worldwide web.

  • Coordinating tips circulation—assistance may additionally emanate both from the enterprise (procedural) or from the community (technical). A directory carrier coordinates assistance circulate, no weigh number what the source or category of tips.

  • making inevitable suggestions availability—A directory carrier gives a route for making every network tips obtainable to clients, gadgets, applications, or other elements.

  • TIP

    A listing and a Relational Database management apparatus (RDBMS) are two divorce entities with distinctive functions. although a listing is a collection of suggestions, it does not substitute the typical RDBMS. Directories and databases complement one one other, however they serve several functions.

    usually, a directory provider could subsist utilized in privilege here methods:

  • Organizing statistics—A directory service organizes records or suggestions for the network. In NetWare 6, eDirectory outlets every user, server, printer, and other community machine counsel.

  • accessing tips conveniently—similar to the file-and-folder apparatus used on a computer, a listing carrier makes information about network supplies purchasable to users, gadgets, and applications. A listing service gives employees with world entry to community resources. organizations and businesses additionally exercise directory features to supply person authentication and authorization for using these network materials and functions. For businesses with large numbers of cellular clients, eDirectory provides a route for storing consumer counsel required by some applications. (Such functions are described as directory-enabled.) From the user's point of view, a listing carrier provides a world view of every network materials, reminiscent of users, applications, capabilities, apparatus substances, and contraptions.

  • presenting safety—A listing carrier uniquely identifies community components, locates community objects when required, supports astounding protection features, and controls the person entry to network components.

  • providing features to clients—For corporations taking capabilities of the points of digital company transactions, listing functions can advocate organize assorted databases whereas assisting to mesh disparate network techniques. This provides better administration of processes between consumers, personnel, and provide-chain companions. The ensuing benefits are as follows: reduced prices for administration and hardware, sooner access to statistics and tips, and at ease community access with sophisticated frailty tolerance.

  • From a current standpoint, listing features can also give electronic provisioning, more suitable security, client profiling, electronic wallets, automatic notification techniques, custom-made web interfaces, and digital private networks (VPNs).

    be aware

    A virtual inner most community (VPN) regularly is used to switch sensitive company counsel throughout an untrusted network (such as the internet) in a comfortable vogue (customarily by encapsulating and encrypting statistics).

    So, what carry out you suppose? Is a listing carrier for you? Who knows—you might even adore it.

    listing architecture

    As you recollect, the listing carrier offers entry to the eDirectory database, which consists of every materials for the complete network. What precisely does eDirectory glance like? From the backyard, it looks enjoy a huge cloud hovering over your network. On the internal, besides the fact that children, it follows a hierarchical tree structure corresponding to the information superhighway belt gadget. it's, tower on the WWW Root and expanding to ".com" domains and finally to servers. In NetWare 6, this design is said because the listing suggestions Tree, which is shortened to the "tree" for purposes of their discussion.

    think of the tree as in reality being inverted. As in nature, the eDirectory tree starts with the Tree kick (referred to as the Tree Root) and builds from there. subsequent, it sprouts container objects, which might subsist branches accomplishing towards the sky. at last, leaf objects supply network functionality to clients, servers, and the file equipment. As that you may discern in determine 3.1, the tree analogy is alive and neatly.

    Figure 3.1determine 3.1 The figurative directory capabilities tree.

    The actual eDirectory tree is made of rational network objects. eDirectory objects define rational or physical entities that give organizational or technical characteristic to the community. As you will discern later during this chapter, they Come in three flavors:

  • Tree Root

  • Container objects

  • Leaf objects

  • The Tree Root is the very conducive of the eDirectory tree. since it represents the opening porthole to the eDirectory world, its icon is appropriately a picture of a tree. Container objects contour the organizational boundaries of the eDirectory tree and house different container objects and/or leaf objects. When a container kick includes other objects, it is known as a mum or dad object.

    eventually, leaf objects are the actual or rational network supplies that deliver technical functions and community functionality. Leaf objects define the lowest stage of the eDirectory constitution. you will learn about the most unique leaf objects later in this chapter.

    The constitution of the listing is ruled with the aid of a collection of rules jointly criterion as the directory schema. These guidelines contour the character of records, the syntax of that records, and the objects the listing can include. Schema guidelines topple into two vast categories:

  • Object class definitions—These contour the class of objects and the attributes of those objects.

  • Attribute definitions—These contour the constitution (syntax and constraints) of an attribute. with no pains mentioned, the assign cost is the precise content or data.

  • remember when I instructed you that eDirectory become in accordance with the X.500 average? before you proceed tree hiking and learn the dynamics of eDirectory, seize a quick anatomize that incurious to peer what that every ability. I contemplate you'll spot some outstanding similarities between X.500 and what you will accommodate just discovered about listing capabilities.

    knowing X.500

    X.500 is a global common for naming services. a lot of industry requisites, comparable to DNA (Digital community structure), exercise X.500 with their own naming capabilities to supply handle-to-identify determination and listing capabilities. This permits these allotted machines to exist in a tall hierarchical administration equipment.

    X.500 organizes community supplies (comparable to users and servers) into a globally attainable listing. The X.500 specification establishes instructions for representing, gaining access to, and the usage of assistance saved in a directory database. in fact, eDirectory is Novell's implementation of the following X.500 points:

  • Scalability—large databases can subsist subdivided into smaller listing gadget brokers (DSAs). A DSA can symbolize both a lone company or assorted companies, and its contents can subsist distributed throughout assorted listing servers. eDirectory calls them partitions.

  • Replication—This characteristic allows the listing database, or parts thereof, to subsist replicated on backup listing servers organize during the community.

  • Synchronization—because X.500 ought to manipulate a loosely coupled, allotted database, each server ought to subsist capable of synchronize its database contents with different servers. directory database updates may well subsist made either on the fashioned grasp database (grasp-shadow arrangement) or at any writable replica (peer-to-peer mechanism). In both case, X.500 propagates listing database exchange assistance to every servers conserving replicas of the database or a DSA.

  • The X.500 listing is represented with the aid of a listing suggestions Tree (DIT) and directory suggestions base (DIB). as a minimum a kindhearted of should noiseless sound common. The DIB carries objects (or nodes) and their associated homes and values. Intermediate objects act as containers that advocate in organizing the DIT. Leaf objects symbolize individual community entities, comparable to servers, printers, and so on. check with pattern 3.2 for an illustration of the X.500 listing structure.

    The suggestions that verify the category of suggestions that may well subsist saved in the DIB are held within the directory's schema. (Now this should subsist sounding truly conventional.) each kick in an X.500 DIT has a several title that is referred to as its extraordinary identify, or DN, (it truly is, finished name). each kick may even subsist mentioned by means of a relative distinguished name, or RDN, (it's, partial name).

    listing database access is managed by using a DSA working on a local server. users entry the database through a listing person Agent (DUA). DUAs can subsist organize in command-line, varieties-based, and browser-vogue interfaces. DSAs and DUAs communicate with each different the exercise of the listing access Protocol (DAP). moreover, DSAs may additionally converse with one another the exercise of the listing device Protocol (DSP), listing counsel Shadowing Protocol (DISP), or the directory Operational Binding administration Protocol (DOP).

    Figure 3.2figure three.2 X.500 directory architecture.

    Now that you comprehend where directory capabilities got here from and generally how they labor in NetWare 6, it's time to carry out some tree hiking! appears enjoy that enjoyable I promised you, does not it?

    Go In-Depth With LDAP and Novell's eDirectory | killexams.com actual Questions and Pass4sure dumps


    EUC with HCI: Why It matters

    you're answerable for managing 15,000 consumer bills and 20,000 computers in your company. it's 9 a.m. on Monday. were you vigilant where your users' computer systems are? if you're working for a typical company, well-nigh actually you carry out not. "British Telecom recently audited their IT property and located that they had 20,000 more computer systems than they notion," says Dave Bingham, Consulting Director, Fujitsu Consulting UK. Now that's a earnest methods administration difficulty!

    Many organizations are sinking under the weight of their latest legacy community identification, entry handle, and provisioning systems. probably the most warning signals that you just may accommodate a problem:

  • clients can't subsist vigilant every their passwords as a result of each and every utility requires its personal authentication
  • listing counsel is out of date, or incomplete
  • Ex-personnel noiseless accommodate access to native/far off community functions
  • It takes on commonplace, 22 steps to create a brand unique worker e-mail handle
  • Little or no auditing of accounts and privileges, together with run software comparisons to gain a proper feel of user actions
  • Redundant administration points and no pre-centered delegation guidelines
  • Proprietary access, authentication, and provisioning APIs for each and every software
  • As significant and diminutive businesses alike struggle to manage IT belongings and fees, world community identity administration methods are searching increasingly pleasing. The Forrester neighborhood predicts most Fortune a hundred groups should subsist imposing these systems to reduce TCO (total permeate of ownership), eliminate guide/legacy techniques, and streamline enterprise tactics.

    What carry out Novell, identification management and LDAP (light-weight directory access Protocol) ought to carry out with any of this? is that this the same moribund enterprise accepted for the mature NetWare, NDS (Novell directory provider), and GroupWise product strains? yes, a revitalized Novell is aggressively pursuing the community identity management and directory services market with a unique generation of LDAP-primarily based items and applied sciences. by constructing on Novell's common strengths in listing administration and de-coupling these products from their flagship NDS NOS product, it is hoping to compete at once with iPlanet, Oblix, essential path, Microsoft, and different identification administration vendors. The next few years may subsist a battleground for community identification companies and consultants as they fight to set up themselves in this unique market. let us seize a greater intensive examine Novell's LDAP implementation and listing provider products to peer why subsist confident you subsist seriously because them if you want an enterprise scale LDAP equipment.

    Why Novell and LDAP?Novell realized it crucial an open commonplace for its entrance-conclusion application software. LDAP was the obvious option as a result of Novell had historically primarily based both the NetWare and NDS methods on the X.500 protocol and LDAP became firstly designed because the X.500 front conclusion. In March 1999, Novell released a copy of open source LDAP as a share of its SDK (software developer's equipment) indicating its complete assist for the LDAP normal. on the time Kurt Zeilenga, chief architect of the OpenLDAP project, mentioned, "international adoption of technologies requires that builders accommodate access to open and reusable code. we're completely satisfied that Novell has chosen to exercise OpenLDAP software and has made its changes accessible to the community so every may improvement. They seem to subsist ahead to working with Novell in furthering open supply LDAP utility." It clearly had the entire usher of the developer neighborhood.

    youngsters LDAP has been round as a typical protocol since 1995 unless currently it has been a strictly lower back-workplace commercial enterprise network service. in the past, the most effective open typical for directories become X.500, delivered in 1988. considering X.500 was OSI model primarily based, LDAP became designed to serve as a translation protocol between the TCP/IP and OSI models. because it is essentially the most open and elastic of every of the network functions protocols, the network identification management group has embraced it as the core technology to unite person and machine identification counsel together into one seamless whole. it's now the de facto ordinary for many requisite identity management services applications. Openwave and iPlanet each exercise LDAP as the underlying ply directory technology for enterprise email functions products. LDAP is an established, amazing, scalable open directory common -- a very alluring solution.

    Novell NDS and LDAPHow has that changed Novell's items? First, let us glance at the particulars of how the NDS system has wholly included LDAP. NDS eight gives powerful LDAP aid by using enabling entry without detain to a NDS data shop. This affords the better of both worlds -- open specifications for directory entry while leveraging Novell's safety strengths similar to stout authentication and server-server replication. This enhanced usher contains:

  • LDAP capabilities are installed via default, which skill that LDAP consumers can transparently access NDS objects the exercise of SSL devoid of requiring any further client utility.
  • potential to assign in writing without detain to LDAP schema. To alternate an LDAP-NDS mapping, proceed to the ConsoleOne (Novell's Java-based server/computing device administration software) betray and select LDAP neighborhood Object. appropriate click this kick and select residences. that you would subsist able to then proceed to the assign map or class Map tab to add/modify/delete the appropriate object.
  • Full auxiliary character support, which skill if an NDS or LDAP kick is a member of multiple kick courses, it inherits the attributes of every these kick classes. note there are three default auxiliary classes in NDS.
  • eDirectory - Novell's listing service ProducteDirectory, which advanced from NDS, is a listing provider it truly is scalable, extensible, and unreasonable efficiency. in reality, Novell has publicly validated that eDirectory can manage more than a billion objects in a lone tree. This means some distance exceeds what most enterprise networks or e-organizations will ever require. some of eDirectory's primary add-ons enjoy world printing functions are integrated into NetWare 6.

    FeaturesSome of eDirectory's unique or better points protected in version eight.7 - codenamed "Falcon" are:

  • Full usher on multiple systems, Netware, windows NT/2000, and UNIX flavors (Linux, AIX, and Solaris). here is excellent information for multi-platform enterprises.
  • eDirectory has complete assist for replication (diverse distributed copies of the directory in case of failover) and portioning (splitting directory logically to aid decentralized administration and superior community performance). here is principally vital in a 7x24, five 9s, mission vital deployments.
  • Full assist of LDAP over SSL/TLS (cozy Socket Layer & Transport Layer protection protocols). This function is terribly essential in the internet-based functions area.
  • supports SNMP monitoring. both directory monitoring and management consoles are available. ConsoleOne is a Java-based for servers/workstations, and iMonitor is an internet-based mostly monitoring and diagnostics for every industry eDirectories.
  • IManager is an internet-based mostly listing manager that performs operations on directory objects, including access, creation, directory portioning, and replication.
  • It contains an import/export utility the exercise of LDAP listing Interchange format (LDIF) for simplified ports and integration with legacy systems. It can also subsist carried out from either the command line or the ConsoleOne or iManager products.
  • directory StructureHere is a short overview of the Novell directory constitution from desirable to bottom. Novell calls its directories "container objects."

  • TREE (once referred to as [ROOT]) is the conducive of the listing hierarchy and carries every objects in the directory. essentially used to award or contradict global rights.
  • firm consists of every objects for a solid or enterprise. This contains the Administrator user. a country kick can also subsist created at this plane for more refinement.
  • ORGANIZATIONAL UNIT (OU) - is an extra subdivision of a company structure (such as divisions, geographical, etc). clients are created at this stage.
  • domain (DNS Domains) - allows eDirectory interaction with DNS for region of features.
  • DirXMLDir XML provides bi-directional and Meta-listing capabilities between e-directory and different enterprise and legacy systems. The systems converse by directly processing XML files. DirXML runs on a lot of structures -- Linux, NetWare, Solaris, and home windows NT/2000, but requires eDirectory eight.5 or later. at the jiffy available DirXML drivers include:

  • LDAP Directories - IPlanet/Netscape listing Server, requisite path InJoin listing, IBM SecureWay
  • electronic Messaging - Groupwise, Lotus Notes, Microsoft change
  • enterprise purposes - Peoplesoft, IBM WebSphere MQ, Oracle, IBM DB2, and Sybase
  • working device Domains - NT, energetic listing, NIS
  • Delimited textual content - Miscellaneous
  • DirXML ComponentsBetween eDirectory/DirXML there are two several types of facts flows.

  • writer Channel - Sends records from quite a few methods to eDirectory.
  • Subscriber Channel.- Sends statistics from eDirectory to a lot of methods.
  • DirXML Driver - Handles the conversation between DirXML engine and the utility however not the rule processing. This includes receiving the XML document and translating it into a group of instructions, that are then sent to the acceptable facts store. word that DirXML 1.1 not requires eDirectory and DirXML operating on the server permitting far off drivers to subsist dynamically loaded.
  • DirXML Engine - translates directory events reminiscent of add, regulate, or delete to an XML doc. Translation contains processing quite a few filters, rules, and style sheets to obtain the preferred outcome.
  • Objects - eDirectory operations involve inevitable key objects, DirXML-DriverSet, DirXML-Driver, DirXML-publisher, and DirXML-Subscriber.
  • Filters -- check which attributes such as title or address might subsist affected for this particular channel session.
  • guidelines sets
  • Object mapping -- buddies an kick within the eDirectory schema with an kick within the exterior utility.
  • Matching -- Determines the attributes and values in eDirectory and the corresponding application that ought to meet before developing an association attribute.
  • Create kick -- Specifies the assign and values that requisite to subsist in station earlier than a unique kick or checklist is created.
  • Placement -- Specifies the belt within the software the objects are kept. distinctive guidelines are usually used.
  • XSLT fashion sheets - contour the XLST transformation rules that transforms commands or listing pursuits organize in the XML files.
  • Developer ServicesAdditional functions and products Novell offers above every designed to aid builders include:

  • customized DirXML Drivers -- Written in both C++ or Java. The Java drivers requires JDK 1.1.7b or later. developers can exercise DSTrace facility and DirXML trace log for debugging.
  • XML Interfaces for C++ - allows the developer to jot down messages to DSTrace facility and DirXML trace log.
  • LDAP Extensions and control for JNDI (Java Naming and directory Interface).
  • look at various Server for LDAP
  • eDirectory category Libraries for C and Java - Used to operate operations comparable to query or add on a LDAP listing. a share of the Novell Developer package (NDK), it uses open supply code from the OpenLDAP mission.
  • Some CautionsNovell is poignant the privilege direction by porting the apparatus to several structures, but when you in fact requisite to accommodate a completely integrated system, fabricate confident you noiseless subsist using the different Novell items together with eDirectory. besides the fact that children eDirectory has some first rate facets that fabricate it easier to boost industry scaled listing services primarily based purposes, it is noiseless at heart an NDS based mostly product. it is going to likely labor most reliable for you in case you accommodate already got a NetWare setting up and a few familiarity with the Novell strategy to network based commercial enterprise features. Tony Neal, IT supervisor at Marriott overseas Inc. views Novell LDAP usher as "one more piece of the protocol perplex to subsist able to tie every microscopic thing together, with NDS as the precise engine under". It is not clear when speakme to Novell how many of their eDirectory installations are in reality unique clients and not just extra revenue to the existing Novell consumer base.

    a brace of years back Novell took a significant misstep after they proposed a unique good-level .dir domain for the information superhighway. The proposed .dir belt become a so-referred to as chartered domain and would accommodate required .dir applicants to subsist utterly compliant with LDAP 2000, an LDAP conformance examine backed by using DIF. Novell claimed that establishing the .dir domain became requisite since it would assure the class of websites that might exercise it. The proposed domain immediately met with community resistance and became privilege now withdrawn. "Why is everybody looking to ICANN to rubber-stamp their industry models?" referred to Rick Wesson, CEO of Alice's Registry, in Santa Cruz, Calif., a consultancy for ICANN-accepted registrars. "Novell desires to create a LDAP (lightweight listing access Protocol) root, however it would not requisite a TLD to carry out that. it might build the equal infrastructure below the present DNS domains."

    Is Novell fascinated about LDAP?Novell has been energetic with two rising IETF necessities businesses. These efforts will microscopic question conclude up in future Novell net, working equipment, and listing items.

  • SAML (protection statement Markup Language) 1.0 makes it workable for purposes to share authentication tips. In July, Novell participated in a SAML Interoperability forum as share of the Burton neighborhood. however, the only sign-on solution remains a piece-in-progress.
  • The identical neighborhood OASIS (firm for the advancement of Structured tips requisites) that oversees SAML is also developing the UDDI (accepted Description, Discovery and Integration) specification. UDDI contains a protocol for describing internet capabilities and queries about organizations/items. Novell subsidized engineers authored a draft schema to region UDDI counsel in an LDAP listing.
  • Liberty Alliance is creating a "federated" identification authentication protocol, referred to as "a set of believe", that enables clients to transparently navigate between affiliated businesses. There are a lot of security access concerns nevertheless to subsist determined before this becomes reality. It isn't clear what capabilities this schema has over present certification systems, enjoy PKI.
  • Novell builders are working on the next unencumber of Netware code named "Nakoma." it'll encompass more desirable DirXML aid for tighter integration between NetWare, Novell Portal services, and legacy company directories that require directory-based mostly identification and entry functions. current projected availability is summer season 2003.

    Some enhancements that are a share of "challenge fate" the universal Novell eDirectory and listing enhancement effort encompass:

  • UDDI server due by using year-end.
  • the future edition of eDirectory can subsist extra dynamic with more suitable guidelines-based "resolution-making" about individuals, and directory facts.
  • "Saturn" is a Novell effort to fabricate eDirectory and iChain (identity-driven internet access) appropriate with the liberty Alliance specification. "Saturn" reportedly can subsist achieved via 12 months-conclusion.
  • Dynamic id capabilities and entry can subsist granted in accordance with the software.
  • In conclusion, Novell has been working complicated to station itself within the forefront of the LDAP structure community. Novell has leveraged its skills with X.500 and NDS to create a powerful set of apparatus the exercise of LDAP and the NDS structure. if you're fascinated about big-scale identification management purposes and also you already accommodate some familiarity with the Novell environment, eDirectory can subsist simply the toolkit you should build your software.

    additional components

    Beth Cohen is president of Luth laptop consultants, Inc., a consulting result focusing on IT infrastructure for smaller companies. She has been in the trenches supporting company IT infrastructure for over twenty years in a few several fields including architecture, development, engineering, utility, telecommunications, and research. She is currently writing a e-book about IT for the diminutive enterprise and pursuing an information Age MBA from Bentley college.

    Hallett German is an IT consultant who's experienced in enforcing stout IT infrastructures with an emphasis on digital messaging and directories. he's the founding father of the Northeast SAS clients community and former President of the REXX Language association. he is the author of three books on scripting languages.

    » discern every Articles by route of Columnist Beth Cohen

    Palm seaside County Turns to Novell to at ease and manipulate Its community | killexams.com actual Questions and Pass4sure dumps

    Novell identity and desktop management respond pays for itself, reducing helpdesk calls with the aid of ninety % and IT shuttle via seventy five percent

    WALTHAM, Mass. -- Dec. 13, 2006 -- Palm seaside County, probably the most 5 greatest counties within the U.S., has tapped Novell for identification and laptop administration throughout its community, resulting in enormously reduced IT administration costs and better protection. Challenged with lowering prices whereas maximizing the cost from its existing blended network, Palm beach County mandatory a comprehensive, go-platform solution to manipulate its distributed IT ambiance. Novell's id management respond is helping the county enhance protection, whereas presenting tall can permeate discount rates on the identical time. Novell has additionally helped the county streamline computing device administration, together with patching, reducing IT commute time through 75 % and helpdesk administration time with the aid of ninety percent.

    "we've a heterogeneous environment and that isn't going to alternate," mentioned Robert Shafron, senior IS supervisor of method, Planning and structure for Palm beach County. "It became censorious for us to locate an identification and computer management respond that works throughout varied structures. Novell's solution delivered."

    With 10,000 employees in a hundred and fifty areas serving 1.2 million citizens, Palm seashore County faces the constant problem of a becoming claim for national functions, an every the time taut finances atmosphere, and the should leverage its present technology investments. With a dispersed IT team of workers and no unified approach for managing users, the county mandatory a comprehensive solution to integrate user identity counsel across dissimilar companies, places and structures. additionally, managing workstations throughout a dispersed solid kept the IT cadaver of workers always on the street. The county crucial to enrich the safety of its methods with criterion patches and updates, yet reduce charges by using centralizing the technique. The county additionally aimed to standardize pcs and laptops to gash back helpdesk calls.

    After evaluating options, Palm seaside County selected Novell® identity manager and Novell eDirectory(TM) because the core of its identity administration respond and Novell ZENworks® desktop management. The county uses Novell eDirectory as its principal repository for employee identities throughout varied systems, together with Microsoft windows*, NetWare®, UNIX* and Linux*. Novell identification manager instantly synchronizes person id assistance across dissimilar systems, enhancing safety and giving the IT cadaver of workers the potential to provision entry rights for brand spanking unique clients in minutes. The at ease id administration task enabled Palm beach County to standardize on better password guidelines for more than forty directories and purposes used via 38 supported businesses. Novell ZENworks allows for the county to centrally manage and privilege away divide functions and patches to pcs throughout its Microsoft windows, NetWare and Linux environments. The IT staff has additionally created accustomed laptop photographs for different user agencies permitting them to troubleshoot considerations remotely in minutes, essentially disposing of helpdesk calls.

    "The outstanding effects Palm seashore County has seen with Novell solutions for identification and useful resource administration spotlight how corporations can carry out more with less, extracting further value from the systems they accommodate already got by automating their administration and using expertise to enhance enterprise processes," talked about Troy Richardson, president, Novell Americas. "by means of liberating IT workforce from mundane administrative projects, Palm beach County can focus on strategic IT initiatives to help provider delivery for its residents, using more cost for each tax dollar."

    About Novell

    Novell, Inc. (Nasdaq: NOVL) supplies infrastructure application for the Open commercial enterprise. we're a pacesetter in enterprise-vast operating programs based on Linux and open supply and the safety and techniques administration capabilities required to operate blended IT environments. They advocate their clients minimize can charge, complexity and risk, enabling them to focus on innovation and growth. For extra information, seek counsel from www.novell.com.

    Press contacts:Bruce LowryNovell, Inc.415-383-8408blowry@novell.com

    Danielle MancanoSHIFT Communications617-681-1234dmancano@shiftcomm.com

    related Thomas industry update Thomas For Industry

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    Novell eDirectory Design and Implementation :eDirectory 8.8

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    Novell eDirectory | killexams.com actual questions and Pass4sure dumps

    This chapter is from the reserve 

    This chapter covers the following testing objectives for Novell Course 3001: Foundations of Novell Networking:

  • Identify basic Directory Service tasks.

  • Identify common Directory Service uses.

  • Describe how a Directory is structured.

  • Identify the role and benefits of eDirectory.

  • Identify how eDirectory 8.6 works.

  • Identify and recount the composition of eDirectory.

  • Identify and recount eDirectory kick classes.

  • Identify the current and design of the eDirectory tree.

  • NetWare 6 introduces eDirectory 8.6, the greatest version to date of Novell's world-class directory service.

    eDirectory is the world's leading Directory service. It provides a unifying, cross-platform infrastructure for managing, securing, accessing, and developing every major components of your network. eDirectory scales to the largest network environments, including the Internet. Because it is based on the X.500 standard, eDirectory supports Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP), Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), and the Java programming environment.

    eDirectory can store and manage millions of objects in a seamless ballet of communications. It also provides the foundation network service for every NetWare servers and network resources. In fact, after network communications, it is the most fundamental network service offered by NetWare 6.

    With every this in mind, I'm confident you would disagree that eDirectory management is one of your key responsibilities as a Novell CNA (Certified Network Administrator). In this chapter, you will explore four requisite lessons regarding eDirectory management:

  • Introduction to Directory Services—You'll open with a brief introduction to the basics of Directory services, including some common uses and how a Directory is structured.

  • Understanding eDirectory 8.6—Then you'll explore the architecture of Novell eDirectory version 8.6 and compare it to its predecessor, Novell Directory Services (NDS).

  • Using eDirectory Objects—You'll dig into the basics behind eDirectory's three types of objects: the Tree object, container objects, and leaf objects.

  • Implementing eDirectory 8.6 Naming—Finally, you'll learn about naming conventions used in eDirectory, including naming context rules and inheritance.

  • As you can see, there's a lot to learn in this chapter and when it's every done, you'll subsist an accomplished eDirectory administrator. So, let's gain started!

    Test Objectives Covered:

  • Identify basic Directory Service tasks.

  • Identify common Directory Service uses.

  • Describe how a Directory is structured.

  • Identify the role and benefits of eDirectory.

  • The Directory Service is one of the most fundamental network services provided by every NetWare 6 servers. In fact, it represents the communications hub for administrative connectivity between every servers in a large NetWare 6 network. As such, Directory Service management is one of your key responsibilities as the network administrator.

    As its title implies, the Directory service provides access to a database, called eDirectory, that contains every resources for the entire network. This object-oriented database is organized into a hierarchical structure called the tree. eDirectory provides the basic foundation for the Directory service, including capabilities for replication and distribution. Directory is capitalized in this case to differentiate it from the directory (or folder) in the file system. In fact, these two "directories" define the two major roles of a NetWare 6 CNA: File System Administrator (directories and files) and eDirectory Administrator (The Directory).

    The Directory service is your friend. It may seem a microscopic intimidating at first, but when you gain to know the Directory service (and eDirectory, for that matter), it's actually fun. Really.

    How Directory Services Work

    A Directory service classifies every network resources into a finite number of objects. These objects can subsist organized by function, location, size, type, or color—it doesn't matter. The point is, a Directory service organizes network resources independently from their physical locations. For example, servers are organized according to function. Then users are placed in the appropriate containers to simplify connectivity. This increases productivity because users are near the resources they need. When a user logs in to the network, the user can access any kick in the Tree, regardless of its location. This provides a slick means for managing not only users, but also every their hardware and applications. Of course, in the eDirectory tree (as in life), it is best to station User objects and their resources (Printers, Servers, and Volumes) in near proximity to each other.

    A Directory service performs several basic tasks, including the following:

  • Connecting disparate systems—A Directory service integrates and organizes heterogeneous systems to allow them to share common management. In today's industry world, such systems are required not only to communicate with each other, but also to share information and exercise common services to meet the objectives of the organization.

  • Satisfying the needs of the user, organization, and business—The network must subsist elastic enough to provide a set of unique services based on individual needs.

  • Emulating every industry relationships—The network must subsist capable of ensuring that trusted relationships are built and maintained between people, business, the company's intranet, and the World Wide Web.

  • Coordinating information flow—Information may emanate either from the industry (procedural) or from the network (technical). A Directory service coordinates information flow, no matter what the source or character of information.

  • Ensuring information availability—A Directory service provides a means for making every network information available to users, devices, applications, or other resources.

  • TIP

    A Directory and a Relational Database Management System (RDBMS) are two divorce entities with different functions. Even though a Directory is a collection of information, it does not replace the traditional RDBMS. Directories and databases complement one another, even though they serve different purposes.

    Typically, a Directory service may subsist used in the following ways:

  • Organizing data—A Directory service organizes data or information for the network. In NetWare 6, eDirectory stores every user, server, printer, and other network device information.

  • Accessing information easily—Similar to the file-and-folder system used on a computer, a Directory service makes information about network resources available to users, devices, and applications. A Directory service provides employees with global access to network resources. Businesses and organizations also exercise Directory services to provide user authentication and authorization for using these network resources and services. For organizations with large numbers of mobile users, eDirectory provides a means for storing user information required by some applications. (Such applications are described as Directory-enabled.) From the user's point of view, a Directory service provides a global view of every network resources, such as users, applications, services, system resources, and devices.

  • Providing security—A Directory service uniquely identifies network resources, locates network objects when required, supports robust security features, and controls the user access to network resources.

  • Providing services to customers—For organizations taking handicap of the features of electronic industry transactions, Directory services can serve organize multiple databases while helping to mesh disparate network systems. This provides better management of processes between customers, employees, and supply-chain partners. The resulting benefits are as follows: reduced costs for administration and hardware, faster access to data and information, and secure network access with superior frailty tolerance.

  • From a general perspective, Directory services can also provide electronic provisioning, enhanced security, customer profiling, electronic wallets, automated notification systems, customized Web interfaces, and virtual private networks (VPNs).


    A virtual private network (VPN) often is used to transfer sensitive company information across an untrusted network (such as the Internet) in a secure fashion (typically by encapsulating and encrypting data).

    So, what carry out you think? Is a Directory service for you? Who knows—you might even enjoy it.

    Directory Architecture

    As you recall, the Directory service provides access to the eDirectory database, which contains every resources for the entire network. What exactly does eDirectory glance like? From the outside, it looks enjoy a tall cloud hovering over your network. On the inside, however, it follows a hierarchical tree structure similar to the Internet domain system. That is, starting at the WWW Root and expanding to ".com" domains and eventually to servers. In NetWare 6, this design is referred to as the Directory Information Tree, which is shortened to the "tree" for purposes of their discussion.

    Think of the tree as actually being inverted. As in nature, the eDirectory tree starts with the Tree kick (called the Tree Root) and builds from there. Next, it sprouts container objects, which are branches reaching toward the sky. Finally, leaf objects provide network functionality to users, servers, and the file system. As you can discern in pattern 3.1, the tree analogy is alive and well.

    Figure 3.1Figure 3.1 The figurative Directory services tree.

    The actual eDirectory tree is made up of rational network objects. eDirectory objects define rational or physical entities that provide organizational or technical function to the network. As you will discern later in this chapter, they Come in three flavors:

  • Tree Root

  • Container objects

  • Leaf objects

  • The Tree Root is the very top of the eDirectory tree. Because it represents the opening porthole to the eDirectory world, its icon is appropriately a picture of a tree. Container objects define the organizational boundaries of the eDirectory tree and house other container objects and/or leaf objects. When a container kick contains other objects, it is called a parent object.

    Finally, leaf objects are the physical or rational network resources that provide technical services and network functionality. Leaf objects define the lowest plane of the eDirectory structure. You'll learn about the most thoughtprovoking leaf objects later in this chapter.

    The structure of the Directory is governed by a set of rules collectively known as the Directory schema. These rules define the character of data, the syntax of that data, and the objects the Directory can contain. Schema rules topple into two broad categories:

  • Object class definitions—These define the character of objects and the attributes of those objects.

  • Attribute definitions—These define the structure (syntax and constraints) of an attribute. Simply stated, the assign value is the actual content or data.

  • Remember when I told you that eDirectory was based on the X.500 standard? Before you proceed tree climbing and explore the dynamics of eDirectory, seize a quick glance at that criterion to discern what that every means. I contemplate you'll spot some astounding similarities between X.500 and what you've just erudite about Directory services.

    Understanding X.500

    X.500 is an international criterion for naming services. A variety of industry standards, such as DNA (Digital Network Architecture), exercise X.500 with their own naming services to provide address-to-name resolution and directory services. This enables these distributed machines to exist in a large hierarchical management system.

    X.500 organizes network resources (such as users and servers) into a globally accessible Directory. The X.500 specification establishes guidelines for representing, accessing, and using information stored in a directory database. In fact, eDirectory is Novell's implementation of the following X.500 features:

  • Scalability—Large databases can subsist subdivided into smaller Directory System Agents (DSAs). A DSA can picture either a lone organization or multiple organizations, and its contents may subsist distributed across multiple Directory servers. eDirectory calls them partitions.

  • Replication—This feature allows the Directory database, or portions thereof, to subsist replicated on backup Directory servers located throughout the network.

  • Synchronization—Because X.500 must manage a loosely coupled, distributed database, each server must subsist able to synchronize its database contents with other servers. Directory database updates may subsist made either at the original master database (master-shadow arrangement) or at any writable replica (peer-to-peer mechanism). In either case, X.500 propagates Directory database change information to every servers holding replicas of the database or a DSA.

  • The X.500 Directory is represented by a Directory Information Tree (DIT) and Directory Information base (DIB). At least one of those should sound familiar. The DIB consists of objects (or nodes) and their associated properties and values. Intermediate objects act as containers that aid in organizing the DIT. Leaf objects picture individual network entities, such as servers, printers, and so on. advert to pattern 3.2 for an illustration of the X.500 Directory architecture.

    The rules that determine the character of information that may subsist stored in the DIB are held in the Directory's schema. (Now this should subsist sounding really familiar.) Each kick in an X.500 DIT has a unique title that is referred to as its distinguished name, or DN, (that is, complete name). Each kick may also subsist referred to by a relative distinguished name, or RDN, (that is, partial name).

    Directory database access is managed by a DSA running on a local server. Users access the database through a Directory User Agent (DUA). DUAs are available in command-line, forms-based, and browser-style interfaces. DSAs and DUAs communicate with each other using the Directory Access Protocol (DAP). Furthermore, DSAs may communicate with one another using the Directory System Protocol (DSP), Directory Information Shadowing Protocol (DISP), or the Directory Operational Binding Management Protocol (DOP).

    Figure 3.2Figure 3.2 X.500 Directory architecture.

    Now that you know where Directory services came from and generally how they labor in NetWare 6, it's time to carry out some tree climbing! Sounds enjoy that fun I promised you, doesn't it?

    Certified Novell Engineer (CNE) | killexams.com actual questions and Pass4sure dumps

    Related Resources: Books   

    This vendor-specific Certification is Offered By:Novell CorporationWaltham, MA USAPhone: 1-800-529-3400Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You requisite JavaScript enabled to view it.

    Skill Level: Intermediate                          Status: Active

    Low Cost: $375 (shortest track)               

    Summary:For individuals who decipher advanced company-wide advocate problems and high-level network problems. They discharge planning, installation, configuration, troubleshooting and upgrade services for networks. The Certified Novell Engineer (CNE) has been recognized as the IT industry's leading certification for advanced networking and troubleshooting.

    Initial Requirements:You must pass three exams: Foundations of Novell Open Enterprise Server fpr NetWare ($125), Novell Open Enterprise Server for NetWare forward Admin ($125) and Novell eDirerctory Design and Implementation: eDirectory 8.8 ($125).

    An upgrade exam is available for current NetWare 6 certified individuals.

    Continuing Requirements:From time to time, Novell Training Services may require you to seize an exam to hold current on the latest solutions and technologies. These exams are considered a Continuing Certification Requirement (CCR), which hold your skills up-to-date and hold your certification valuable in the marketplace.

    CNE Pay Chart:

    See every Novell Certifications

    Vendor's page for this certification

    City of Apopka Selects Zvetco Biometrics and Viable Solutions, Inc. to Deliver Needed stout Authentication for Compliance with CJIS Mandates | killexams.com actual questions and Pass4sure dumps

    Casselberry, FL (PRWEB) May 23, 2012

    Zvetco Biometrics, a leader in fingerprint identity and authentication solutions, today announced that the City of Apopka has deployed the company’s P4500 biometric fingerprint reader and the Authasas® enterprise grade biometric software, to achieve compliance with CJIS mandates at status and federal levels. The City of Apopka selected Zvetco and Viable Solutions, Inc. to provide and install a turn-key solution to secure mobile access to information, reduce helpdesk costs and simplify compliance with the FBI’s Criminal Justice Information System (CJIS) mandate. With this installation, the City of Apopka delivers extremely towering security and convenience through fingerprint scanning.

    Within the unique mandates, agencies must enforce unique IDs, stout passwords, and comply with the CJIS Advanced Authentication requirement by 2013. However, Advanced Authentication is required for any system upgrade performed after 2005. This means that instead of a 2013 deadline, the mandates must subsist met at the time of the upgrade. Agencies that are audited and don’t comply with the CJIS policy could subsist denied access to CJIS systems or physiognomy penalties.

    The City of Apopka has chosen Zvetco Biometrics and their VAR, Viable Solutions, Inc. to deliver much needed biometric tools to achieve taut integration within a Novell eDirectory environment. In addition to their all-metal biometric readers, Zvetco provided Authasas®, advanced authentication software that enabled the first of its kindhearted connectivity with Novell eDirectory.

    City of Apopka’s IT Supervisor, Robert Hippler, says, "Zvetco scanners are a cost effective product that easily connects to their VDI and Physical workstations. With those in station they are able to deliver the unique Authasas® Biometric Authentication to desktops, meeting and even exceeding the CJIS requirements."

    "Zvetco’s Verifi fingerprint readers deliver on the pledge to provide simple yet secure access to organizations’ networks and applications," said Zavi Cohen, CEO at Zvetco Biometrics. "It’s gratifying to discern Zvetco solutions supporting government agencies’ needs for security and efficiency in their daily operations. He added, “The Zvetco solution can subsist utilized in a Novell environment as well as Windows dynamic Directory. By deploying Zvetco’s Enterprise grade fingerprint readers the City of Apopka achieved noteworthy cost benefits when compared with traditional AFIS character readers”.

    Eliot Lloyd Lanes, CEO, and CTO of Viable Solutions, Inc. states, “We accommodate supported the City of Apopka for decades, and they accommodate worked with Zvetco Biometrics for many years. The City’s IT Director, Donald Kahrs was vigilant that Viable Solutions, Inc. has helped with pioneering efforts in the bailiwick of Biometrics integration. So, when they needed to meet the CJIS requirements, they turned to us. They then looked to Zvetco Biometrics, who presented Authasas. During the project they built near ties with Authasas and together they accommodate now delivered a solution that will meet any current Novell and/or Microsoft environment with ease and cost effectiveness.”

    About Zvetco Biometrics

    Zvetco Biometrics is a manufacturer of best-in-class identity authentication hardware and provider of identity management solutions. Founded in 1999, Zvetco provides its customers in corporate enterprise, government, fiscal services, healthcare, gaming, food services and point-of-sale with cost-effective network security tools that forestall identity theft, extend accountability and eliminate the cost and inconvenience of password-based access. Zvetco Biometrics' Verifi™ line of biometric products incorporates precision fingerprint-sensing technology into ergonomic computer peripherals that deliver unparalleled performance, reliability and convenience.

    Verifi™ is a trademark of Zvetco Biometrics. Authasas® is a trademark of Authasas, a provider of advanced authentication software. every other trademarks, registered trademarks and service marks are the property of their respective owners.

    Media Contact: Christy Elliott, Zvetco Media DirectorPhone: (407) 681-0111 Extension: 804Web site: http://www.zvetcobiometrics.com

    About Viable Solutions, Inc.

    Viable Solutions, Inc. is a world leader in networking and collaboration design, implementation, and support. They also provide a secure, robust, and reliable private corporate cloud. Founded in 1986, Viable Solutions, Inc. provides its customers in every manner of industry cost-effective design, implementation, and advocate tools and services (on premise or cloud baased) to meet and exceed their industry process needs. Information about Viable Solutions, Inc. and its products and services by calling (407) 249-9600 option 2.

    Media Contact: designate Grebinger, Sales ManagerPhone: (407) 249-9600 Extension: 502Web site: http://www.viable-solutions.com

    Read the complete record at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2012/5/prweb9529543.htm

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